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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry


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Volume 11, Issue 12

Issues

Volume 13 (2015)

Ecotoxicological characterisation of exhaust particulates from diesel-powered light-duty vehicles

András Ács / Árpád Ferincz / Anikó Kovács / Beatrix Jancsek-Turóczi / András Gelencsér / Gyula Kiss / Nora Kováts
Published Online: 2013-09-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-013-0326-0

Abstract

Diesel exhaust is one of the major sources of fine and ultrafine particulate matter in urban air. Toxicity of diesel-powered engine emissions has been quite widely assessed, however, much less information is available on their ecotoxicity. In our study the kinetic version of the Vibrio fischeri bioluminescence inhibition bioassay, based on the ISO 21338:2010 standard, was used to characterise the ecotoxicity of diesel-powered cars. The method is sensitive enough to test the ecotoxic effect of the emission of individual vehicles. In general, significant positive correlation was found between ecotoxicity (expressed as Toxic Unit /TU/values) and total carbon (TC) as well as between TU and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations.

Keywords: Diesel exhaust particulates; Ecotoxicity; Kinetic luminescent bacteria test; Direct contact test

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-09-26

Published in Print: 2013-12-01


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 11, Issue 12, Pages 1954–1958, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11532-013-0326-0.

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© 2013 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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