Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

1 Issue per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.425
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.511

CiteScore 2017: 1.45

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.349
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.812

ICV 2017: 165.27

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 13, Issue 1


Volume 13 (2015)

Titanium dioxide high aspect ratio nanoparticle hydrothermal synthesis optimization

Paulina Półrolniczak
  • Corresponding author
  • Central Laboratory of Batteries and Cells, Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals, Division in Poznan, 61-362 Poznan, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mariusz Walkowiak
  • Central Laboratory of Batteries and Cells, Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals, Division in Poznan, 61-362 Poznan, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-10-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0006


TiO2-B (bronze) nanowires were synthesized via simple hydrothermal treatment of commercial titanium dioxide nanopowder in aqueous NaOH. The reaction temperature, calcination temperature, reaction time, NaOH concentration, autoclave filing fraction and precursor were systematically varied to optimize the nanowire morphology. The crystal structure, morphology and particle size were investigated by XRD, SEM and TEM. The morphology and structure are sensitive to experimental conditions. A reaction temperature of at least 150°C and NaOH concentration at least 10 M are essential, but reaction time from 24 to 72 h makes little difference. Nanowires obtained at 150°C were 60-180 nm wide and 2-4 μm long, while those after treatment at 200°C were thinner (40-100 nm) and longer (2-6 μm).

The relationship between reaction conditions and morphology is discussed and practical guidelines for titanium dioxide nanowire synthesis are suggested

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : titanium dioxide; nanowire; hydrothermal


  • [1]lijima S., Nature, 1991, 35«, 56Google Scholar

  • [2]Feldman Y., Wasserman E., Srolovitz D.A., Science, 1995, 267, 222Google Scholar

  • [3]Kong X.-H., Sun X.-M., Li X.-L, Li Y.-D., Mater. Chem. Phys., 2003, 82, 997Google Scholar

  • [4]Zhu H.Y., Lan Y., Gao X.P., Ringer S.P., Zheng Z.F., Song D.Y., Zhao J.C., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2005,127,6730Google Scholar

  • [5]Watanabe T., Nakajima A., Wang R., Minabe M., Koizumi S., Fujishima A., Hashimoto K., Thin Solid Films, 1999,351, 260Google Scholar

  • [6]Wei M.D., Konishi Y., Zhou H.S., Sugihara H., Arakawa H., J. Electrochem. Soc., 2006,153, A1232Google Scholar

  • [7]Lin S., Li D., Wu J., Li X., Akbar S.A., Sensor Actual B-Chem., 2011,156,505Google Scholar

  • [8]Signoretto M., Ghedini E., Nichele V., Pinna F., Crocell V., Cerrato G., Microporous Mesoporus Mater., 2011,139,189Google Scholar

  • [9]Wagemaker M., Kentgens A.P.M., Mulder F.M., Nature, 2002, 418, 397Google Scholar

  • [10]Wang K., Wei M., Morris M.A., Zhou H., Holmes J.D., Adv. Mater., 2007,19, 3016Google Scholar

  • [11]Tsai M.-C., Chang J.C., Sheu H.-S., Chiu H.-T., Lee C.-Y., Chem. Mater., 2009,21,499Google Scholar

  • [12]Lei Y., Zhang L.D., Fan I.C., Chem. Phys. Lett., 2001, 338, 231Google Scholar

  • [13]GhicovA., Tsuchiya H., MacakJ.M., Schmuki P., Electrochem. Commun., 2005,7,505Google Scholar

  • [14]Yoshida R., Suzuki Y., Yoshikawa S., J. Solid State Chem., 2005, 178,2179Google Scholar

  • [15]Kasuga T., Hiramatsu M., Hoson A., Sekino T., Niihara K., Adv. Mater., 1999,11,1307Google Scholar

  • [16]Armstrong A.R., Armstrong G., Canales J., Bruce P.G., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2004,43, 2286Google Scholar

  • [17]PavasupreeS., NgamsinlapasathianS., NakajimaM.,SuzukiY., Yoshikawa S., J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 2006,184, 163Google Scholar

  • [18]Pavasupree S., Jitputti J., Ngamsinlapasathian S., Yoshikawa S., Mater. Res. Bull., 2008, 43,149 Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2013-09-17

Accepted: 2014-05-25

Published Online: 2014-10-09

Published in Print: 2015-01-01

Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 13, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0006.

Export Citation

© 2015 Paulina Półrolniczak, Mariusz Walkowiak. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in