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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

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Volume 13, Issue 1 (Nov 2014)

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Preliminary evaluation of 14C and 36Cl in nuclear waste from Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant decommissioning

Jonas Mažeika
  • Corresponding author
  • Scientific Research Institute Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, 08412, Lithuania
  • Email:
/ Galina Lujanienė
  • Scientific Research Institute Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, 02300, Lithuania
/ Rimantas Petrošius
  • Scientific Research Institute Nature Research Centre, Vilnius, 08412, Lithuania
/ Nadežda Oryšaka
  • Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, Visaginas municipality, 31500, Lithuania
/ Sergej Ovčinikov
  • Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant, Visaginas municipality, 31500, Lithuania
Published Online: 2014-11-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0014

Abstract

On a first attempt, the determination of 14C and 36Cl activity concentrations in basic operational waste (spent ion-exchange resins and perlite mixture), in decommissioning waste (construction concrete, sand, stainless steel and serpentinite) and irradiated graphite from the Ignalina NPP has been performed. The samples for measurement of the specific activity of 14C and 36Cl were obtained from the selected places, where the highest values of the dose rate and the activity concentrations of gamma emitters were found. The performed study of the total 14C and 36Cl activity concentrations was based on estimated chemical forms of 14C (inorganic and organic compounds) and 36Cl as Cl- ion. The tested methods used in this study were found to be suitable for estimation of activity concentrations of measured radionuclides.

Keywords : 14C; 36Cl; 137Cs; liquid scintillation counting; ion-exchange chromatography

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About the article

Received: 2014-02-28

Accepted: 2014-06-16

Published Online: 2014-11-26



Citation Information: Open Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0014. Export Citation

© 2015 Jonas Mažeika et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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