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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.425
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.511

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Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-5420
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Volume 13, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 13 (2015)

Plasma recycling of chloroorganic wastes

Tomasz Jędrzejczyk
  • Corresponding author
  • Lodz University of Technology Institute of General Food Chemistry, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zbigniew Kołaciński
  • Lodz University of Technology Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Dariusz Koza
  • Lodz University of Technology Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Grzegorz Raniszewski
  • Lodz University of Technology Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Łukasz Szymański
  • Lodz University of Technology Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Sławomir Wiak
  • Lodz University of Technology Institute of Mechatronics and Information Systems, 90-924 Lodz, Poland
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Published Online: 2014-12-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0023

Abstract

A high temperature of thermal plasma provides more efficient decomposition of the wastes in comparison to traditional combustion. Due to the high temperature and high density of energy in the plasma, the destruction rate is high, which determines a high efficiency waste decomposition. The main products of pyrolysis plasma chloroorganic compounds are pyrolysis gas and pyrolysis coke.

In order to reduce carbon soot, the steam supported reaction was used. Application of plasma at a temperature range from 1000 to 1750 K enabled destruction of the chloroorganic compounds with a very good yield. Several degradation products were received , which were analyzed. In the research electric arc plasma was used in the process of pyrolysis chloroorganic waste utilization. The reactor with a rotating arc was applied. Selected chloroorganic compounds were selected as the model: chloromethane (CH3Cl), carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), chlorobenzene (C6H5Cl) and dichlorobiphenyl (PCB-C12H8Cl2). Based on the amount of the individual components, chloroorganic in the exhaust gases, and the amount introduced to the plasma decomposition, percentage yield was calculated.

Research results indicated that decomposition efficiency was more than 99,8% with the exception of CCl4 pyrolysis, which in the exhaust had a content of 0.2% CCl4.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : plasma; recycling; chloroorganic waste; pyrolysis

References

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  • [2] Gomez E., Amutha Rani D., Cheeseman C.R., Deegan D., Wise M., Boccaccini A.R., J. Hazard. Mat. 161, 614 (2009) Google Scholar

  • [3] Huang H., Tang L., Energy Conversion and Management, 2007, 48, 1331 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Kołaciński Z., Cedzyńska K., J. Adv. Oxidation Technol., 2004, 7(1), 74 Google Scholar

  • [5] Eriksson G., Hack K., Met. Trans. B, 1990, 21B, 1013 Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-02-18

Accepted: 2014-07-02

Published Online: 2014-12-22


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 13, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0023.

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© 2015 Tomasz Jędrzejczyk et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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