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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

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Volume 13, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 13 (2015)

Functional polypropylene composites filled with ultra-fine magnesium hydroxide

Agnieszka Pilarska
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, PL-60965 Poznan, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Karol Bula
  • Institute of Materials Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Management, Poznan University of Technology, PL-61138 Poznan, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Kamila Myszka
  • Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Poznan University of Life Sciences, PL-60627 Poznan, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tomasz Rozmanowski
  • Institute of Chemistry and Technical Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, PL-61138 Poznan, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Karolina Szwarc-Rzepka
  • Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, PL-60965 Poznan, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Krzysztof Pilarski
  • Institute of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture and Bioengineering Poznan University of Life Science, PL-60637 Poznan, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Łukasz Chrzanowski
  • Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, PL-60965 Poznan, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Katarzyna Czaczyk
  • Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Poznan University of Life Sciences, PL-60627 Poznan, Poland
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Teofil Jesionowski
  • Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, PL-60965 Poznan, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-11-26 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0024

Abstract

Magnesium hydroxide was prepared under controlled conditions from aqueous Mg(NO3)2 and NaOH solutions. The small, nanoplate-shaped particle size distribution was monomodal from 164 to 459 nm. Functional polypropylene/Mg(OH)2 and polypropylene/polypropylene 1% maleic anhydride/Mg(OH)2 composites were prepared containing 10% or 30% Mg(OH)2. The composites have a high Young’s modulus (twice that of polypropylene) and comparable tensile strength but less ductility. EDX examination of the fractured composite surfaces suggested a homogeneous Mg(OH)2 distribution for composites produced with the addition of polypropylene grafted with maleic anhydride. The polypropylene/Mg(OH)2 composites showed good antibacterial activity. The polypropylene/polypropylene 1% maleic anhydride/Mg(OH)2 composites were less effective.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : magnesium hydroxide; polypropylene composites; flame retardant; mechanical and antibacterial properties

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About the article

Received: 2014-02-17

Accepted: 2014-07-07

Published Online: 2014-11-26


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 13, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0024.

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© 2015 Agnieszka Pilarska et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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