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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Open Chemistry): 1.027
IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Central European Journal of Chemistry): 1.460

CiteScore 2016: 0.61

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.735

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-5420
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Volume 13, Issue 1

Issues

Chitosan immobilization to the polypropylene nonwoven after activation in atmospheric – pressure nitrogen plasma

Ľudmila Černáková
  • Corresponding author
  • Slovak University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Institute of Polymer Materials, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mirko Černák
  • Comenius University, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Department of Experimental Physics, 842 48 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ András Tóth
  • Institute of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Chemical Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1025 Budapest, Hungary
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mária Mikulášová / Monika Tomašková
  • Slovak University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Institute of Polymer Materials, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Dušan Kováčik
  • Comenius University, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Department of Experimental Physics, 842 48 Bratislava, Slovakia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2014-12-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0055

Abstract

Atmospheric-pressure air and nitrogen plasmas generated by surface dielectric barrier discharges have been used to incorporate new functionalities at the surface of polypropylene nonwoven fabric. The main goals were to activate the polymer surfaces for subsequent immobilization of chitosan from water solution without using any crosslinking and wetting agents. The samples were analyzed by diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The nitrogen plasma treatment resulted in relatively high oxygen incorporation, about 9 atomic % mainly in aliphatic C=O type bonds and about 4 at.% of nitrogen incorporation in amine and other nitrogen functionalities. Chitosan was immobilized on the fabric fibers surfaces very homogeneously in amount of 2 - 5 g m-2. The chitosan coated samples exhibited a good laundering durability and strong antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : chitosan; immobilization; atmospheric pressure plasma; polypropylene

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About the article

Received: 2014-01-31

Accepted: 2014-05-07

Published Online: 2014-12-01


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 13, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0055.

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© 2015 Ľudmila Černáková et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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