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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Open Chemistry): 1.027
IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Central European Journal of Chemistry): 1.460

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2391-5420
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Volume 13, Issue 1 (Feb 2015)

Issues

Armchair Boron Nitride nanotubes—heterocyclic molecules interactions: A computational description

Ernesto Chigo Anota
  • Corresponding author
  • Autonomous University of Puebla, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Ciudad Universitaria, San Manuel, Puebla, Código Postal 72570, México
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gregorio Hernández Cocoletzi
  • Autonomous University of Puebla, Institute of Physics ‘Luis Rivera Terrazas’, Apartado Postal J-48, Puebla 72570, México
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Andres Manuel Garay Tapia
  • Materials Advanced Research Center, S.C., Alianza Norte 202, Nueva Carretera Aeropuerto Km 10, Apodaca, NL., C.P. 66600, México
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-02-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0088

Abstract

Ab-initio calculations using density functional theory (DFT) are used to investigate the non-covalent interactions between single wall armchair boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) with open ends and several heterocyclic molecules: thiophene (T; C4H4S), benzothiophene (BT; C8H6S) and dibenzothiophene (DBT; C12H8S). In the armchair model the nanotubes exhibit (n, n) chirality; here we consider n = 5. The exchange-correlation energies are treated according to the Hamprecht-Cohen-Tozer-Handy functional in the generalized gradient approximation (HCTH-GGA). A base function with double polarization is used. The geometry optimization of (5,5) BNNT-X; X = T, BT and DBT has been carried out using the minimum energy criterion in 5 different configurations of the molecules adsorbed on the nanotube. Our computer simulations have found that the preferential adsorption site of the molecule on the nanotube surface is the parallel configuration for BT and DBT, and at one nanotube end for the T fragment, with all cases having physical interactions. The polarity exhibits an increase which favors the possible dispersion, provided the electrons are polarized. The nanostructure functionalization increases the chemical reactivity which in turn enhances interactions between the molecule and the nanotube. The BNNT-dibenzothiophene work function reduction as compared with the pristine case yields the improvement of the field emission properties.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : Boron Nitride nanotubes; Thiophene; Benzothiophene; Dibenzothiophene; Work function; DFT theory

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About the article

Received: 2014-02-26

Accepted: 2014-10-05

Published Online: 2015-02-16


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0088.

Export Citation

© 2015 E. Chigo Anota et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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