Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

1 Issue per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.425
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.511

CiteScore 2017: 1.45

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.349
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.812

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 13, Issue 1


Volume 13 (2015)

Application of aluminosilicates for mitigation of ammonia and volatile organic compound emissions from poultry manure

Sebastian Opaliński
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mariusz Korczyński
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marek Szołtysik
  • Department of Animal Products Technology and Quality Management, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zbigniew Dobrzański
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Roman Kołacz
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-06-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0115


Odor mitigation techniques are widely investigated due to the problem of odor nuisance generated by intensive livestock production. The goal of this research was to investigate the use of aluminosilicate sorbents as filter packs in the air scrubber ODOR1, which enables cleaning of air inside the livestock building. The following sorbents were examined: raw halloysite, roasted halloysite, activated halloysite, raw bentonite, roasted bentonite and expanded vermiculite. The experiment was conducted in chambers where poultry manure was placed, the time of air treatment was 24 hours. A manual SPME (solid-phase microextraction) holder with DVB/Carboxen/PDMS fiber was used for extraction of odor compounds, and analyses were carried out using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Ammonia concentrations were determined according to Polish standards (Nessler method) using a spectrophotometer. It was found that all examined aluminosilicates had the potential for removal of ammonia as well as 24 volatile compounds emitted from poultry manure. The highest efficiency was noted for activated halloysite (81%) and roasted bentonite (84%) in the case of ammonia and odors, respectively. Despite the limitations of the study, the results showed the effectiveness of the air scrubber packed with aluminosilicates for the reduction of volatile odorous compounds in the air of livestock buildings.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : poultry manure; ammonia; volatile organic compounds; air scrubber; aluminosilicates


  • [1] Blanes-Vidal V., Suh H., Nadimi E.S., Løfstrøm P., Ellermann T., Andersen H.V., Schwartz J., Residential exposure to outdoor air pollution from livestock operations and perceived annoyance among citizens, Environ. Int., 2011, 40, 44-50. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Ubeda Y., Lopez-Jimenez P.A., Nicolas J., Calvet S., Strategies to control odours in livestock facilities: a critical review, Span. J. Agric. Res., 2013, 11(4), 1004-1015. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Chmielowiec-Korzeniowska A., The concentration of volatile organic compounds (vocs) in pig farm air, Ann. Agric. Environ. Med., 2009, 16, 249–256. Google Scholar

  • [4] Filipy J., Rumburg B., Mount G., Westberg H., Lamb B., Identification and quantification of volatile organic compounds from a dairy, Atmos. Environ, 2006, 40, 1480-1494. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Mackie R.I., Stroot P.G., Varel V.H., Biochemical identification and biological origin of key odor components in livestock waste, J. Anim. Sci., 1998, 76(5), 1331-1342. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] O’Neill D.H., Phillips V.R., A review of the control of odour nuisance from livestock buildings. Part 3. Properties of the odorous substances which have been identified in livestock wastes or in the air around them, J. Agric. Eng. Res., 1992, 53, 23–50. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Schiffman S.S., Bennett J.L., Raymer J.H., Quantification of odors and odorants from swine operations in North Carolina, Agr. Forest. Meteorol., 2001, 108(3), 213-240. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Melse R.W., Ogink N.W.M., Rulkens W.H., Air treatment techniques for abatement of emissions from intensive livestock production, Open Agric. J., 2009, 3, 6-12. Google Scholar

  • [9] Tymczyna L., Chmielowiec-Korzeniowska A., Saba L., Biological treatment of Laying House Air with Open Biofilter Use, Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 2004, 13(4), 425-428. Google Scholar

  • [10] VanderZaag A.C., Gordon R.J., Glass V.M., Jamieson R.C., Floating covers to reduce gas emissions from liquid manure storages: a review, Appl. Eng. Agric., 2008, 24(5), 657-671. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] McCrory D.F., P.J. Hobbs P.J., Additives to reduce ammonia and odor emissions from livestock wastes: A review, J. Environ. Qual., 2001, 30, 345-355. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Varel V.H., Livestock manure odor abatement with plant-derived oils and nitrogen conservation with urease inhibitors: A review, J. Anim. Sci., 2002, 80(E. Suppl. 2), E1–E7. Google Scholar

  • [13] Zhang Z.F., Kim I.H., Effects of multistrain probiotics on growth performance, apparent ileal nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, cecal microbial shedding, and excreta odor contents in broilers, Poult. Sci., 2014, 93(2), 364-370. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Chavez C., Coufal C.D., Niemeyer P.L., Carey J.B., Lacey R.E., Miller R.K., Beier R.C., Impact of Dietary Supplemental Methionine Sources on Sensory Measurement of Odor-Related Compounds in Broiler Excreta, Poult. Sci., 2004, 83, 1655–1662. Google Scholar

  • [15] Melse R.W., Ogink N.W.M., Air scrubbing techniques for ammonia and odor reduction at livestock operations: review of on-farm research in the Netherlands, Trans. ASAE, 2005, 48, 2303-2313. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] Opaliński S., Korczyński M., Kołacz R., Dobrzański Z., Żmuda K., Application of selected aluminosilicates for ammonia adsorption, Przem. Chem., 2009, 5, 540-543, (in Polish, with English abstract). Google Scholar

  • [17] Seedorf J., Hartung J., Schroder M., Linkert K.H., Pedersen S., Takai H., et al., A Survey of Ventilation Rates in Livestock Buildings in Northern Europe, J. Agric. Engng Res., 1998, 70, 39-47. Google Scholar

  • [18] Cai L., Koziel J.A., Liang Y., Nguyen A.T., Xin H., Evaluation of zeolite for control of odorants emissions from simulated poultry manure storage, J. Environ. Qual., 2007, 36, 184-193. Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19] Lo Y.-C.M., Koziel J.A., Cai L., Hoff S.J., Jenks W.S., Xin H., Simultaneous chemical and sensory characterization of volatile organic compounds and semi-volatile organic compounds emitted from swine manure using solid phase microextraction and multidimensional gas chromatography–mass spectrometry–olfactometry, J. Environ. Qual., 2008, 37, 521-534. CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [20] Ozcan A.S., Ozcan A., Adsorption of acid dyes from aqueous solutions onto acid-activated bentonite, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 2004, 276, 39–46. Google Scholar

  • [21] Seredych M., Tamashausky A.V., Bandosz T.J., Surface features of exfoliated graphite/bentonite composites and their importance for ammonia adsorption, Carbon, 2008, 46, 1241-1252. Google Scholar

  • [22] Opaliński S., Korczyński M., Szołtysik M., Kołacz R., Dobrzański Z., Gbiorczyk W., Application of mineral sorbents to filtration of air contaminated by odorous compounds, Chemical Engineering Transactions, 2010, 23, 369-374. Google Scholar

  • [23] Opaliński S., Dobrzański Z., Odours identification in the laying hen’s experimental room and the use of aluminosilicates to deodorization, In: A. Aland (Ed.), Proceedings of XIII International Congress in Animal Hygiene ISAH (17-21 June 2007, Tartu, Estonia), Estonian University of Life Sciences, 2007, 942-946. Google Scholar

  • [24] Opaliński S., Korczyński M., Dobrzański Z., Kołacz R., Durkalec M., Application of halloysite and bentonite as filtration bed to ammonia reduction, In: J. Kofer and H. Schobesberger (Ed.), Proceedings of the XVth International Congress of the International Society for Animal Hygiene (3-7 July 2011, Vienna, Austria), Tribun EU Brno, 2011, 1167-1170. Google Scholar

  • [25] Koelliker J.K., Miner J.R., Hellickson M.L., Nakaue H.S., A zeolite packed air scrubber to improve poultry house environments, Trans. ASAE, 1980, 23, 157-161. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] Amon M., Dobeic M., Sneath R.W., Philips V.R., Misselbrook T.H., Pain B.F., A farm-scale study on the use of clinoptilolite zeolite and de-odorase for reducing odor and ammonia emissions from boiler houses, Bioresour. Technol., 1997, 61, 229-237. Google Scholar

  • [27] Turan N.G., Akdemir A., Ergun O.N., Removal of volatile organic compounds by natural materials during composting of poultry litter, Bioresour. Technol., 2009, 100, 798-803. Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] Chen L., Hoff S.J., Koziel J.A., Cai L., Zelle B., Sun G., Performance evaluation of a wood-chip based biofilter using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy-olfactometry, Bioresour. Technol., 2008, 99, 7767-7780. Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Durkalec M., Opaliński S., Spiak Z., Korczyński M., Chojnacka K., Toxicity of composted aluminosilicate sorbents used for air filtration, Przem. Chem., 2011, 5, 742-746, (in Polish, with English abstract). Google Scholar

  • [30] Opaliński S., Korczyński M., Kołacz R., Dobrzański Z., Gbiorczyk W., Clinker production as a disposal method of aluminosilicate sorbents applied to air filtration, Przem. Chem., 2010, 4, 505-508, (in Polish, with English abstract). Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-02-13

Accepted: 2015-04-23

Published Online: 2015-06-15

Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 13, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0115.

Export Citation

© 2015 Sebastian Opaliński et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Kajetan Kalus, Sebastian Opaliński, Devin Maurer, Somchai Rice, Jacek A. Koziel, Mariusz Korczyński, Zbigniew Dobrzański, Roman Kołacz, and Beata Gutarowska
Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 2017, Volume 11, Number 3
Mariam Darestani, Victoria Haigh, Sara J. Couperthwaite, Graeme J. Millar, and Long D. Nghiem
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2017, Volume 5, Number 2, Page 1349
Sebastian Borowski, Katarzyna Matusiak, Szymon Powałowski, Katarzyna Pielech-Przybylska, Krzysztof Makowski, Adriana Nowak, Marcin Rosowski, Piotr Komorowski, and Beata Gutarowska
International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 2017, Volume 119, Page 299
Katarzyna Matusiak, Magdalena Oleksy, Sebastian Borowski, Adriana Nowak, Mariusz Korczyński, Zbigniew Dobrzański, and Beata Gutarowska
Journal of Environmental Management, 2016, Volume 170, Page 50

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in