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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Open Chemistry): 1.027
IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Central European Journal of Chemistry): 1.460

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2391-5420
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Volume 13, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 13 (2015)

Application of aluminosilicates for mitigation of ammonia and volatile organic compound emissions from poultry manure

Sebastian Opaliński
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Mariusz Korczyński
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marek Szołtysik
  • Department of Animal Products Technology and Quality Management, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 51-630 Wrocław, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zbigniew Dobrzański
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Roman Kołacz
  • Department of Environment, Hygiene and Animal Welfare, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, 51-630 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-06-15 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0115

Abstract

Odor mitigation techniques are widely investigated due to the problem of odor nuisance generated by intensive livestock production. The goal of this research was to investigate the use of aluminosilicate sorbents as filter packs in the air scrubber ODOR1, which enables cleaning of air inside the livestock building. The following sorbents were examined: raw halloysite, roasted halloysite, activated halloysite, raw bentonite, roasted bentonite and expanded vermiculite. The experiment was conducted in chambers where poultry manure was placed, the time of air treatment was 24 hours. A manual SPME (solid-phase microextraction) holder with DVB/Carboxen/PDMS fiber was used for extraction of odor compounds, and analyses were carried out using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Ammonia concentrations were determined according to Polish standards (Nessler method) using a spectrophotometer. It was found that all examined aluminosilicates had the potential for removal of ammonia as well as 24 volatile compounds emitted from poultry manure. The highest efficiency was noted for activated halloysite (81%) and roasted bentonite (84%) in the case of ammonia and odors, respectively. Despite the limitations of the study, the results showed the effectiveness of the air scrubber packed with aluminosilicates for the reduction of volatile odorous compounds in the air of livestock buildings.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : poultry manure; ammonia; volatile organic compounds; air scrubber; aluminosilicates

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About the article

Received: 2015-02-13

Accepted: 2015-04-23

Published Online: 2015-06-15


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 13, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0115.

Export Citation

© 2015 Sebastian Opaliński et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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