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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

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IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Open Chemistry): 1.027
IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Central European Journal of Chemistry): 1.460

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2391-5420
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Volume 13, Issue 1 (Aug 2015)

Issues

Response of Prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Link) to a residual effect of municipal sewage sludge application

Waldemar Helios
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Crop Production Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Władysław Malarz / Marcin Kozak / Andrzej Kotecki
Published Online: 2015-08-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0125

Abstract

The objective of our study was to assess the residual effect of sewage sludge on the growth and yield of Prairie cordgrass and the content of crude ash, macroelements and heavy metals in the plant biomass. Field trials conducted in the years 2011 to 2013 focused on the assessment of the impact of municipal sewage sludge applied from 2008 to 2010on the growth and yield of Prairie cordgrass. The experiments followed the split-plot design with two variables: the rate of sewage sludge (DM-dry matter) at 0, 1.4, 2.8 and 4.2 t ha-1, corresponding to nitrogen fertilization with: 0, 50, 100, 150 kg ha-1, and the harvest time - fall and winter. The total dose of sewage sludge applied in 2008−2010 was 0, 4.2, 8.4 and 12.6 t DM ha-1, which corresponded to the total dose of nitrogen fertilization: 0, 150, 300 and 450 kg ha-1, respectively. The municipal sewage sludge at a rate of 8.4 t DM ha-1, compared to the Control, significantly increased the number of leaves per plant, the leaf and culm matter, the number of shoots per 1 m2, the dry matter yield, crude ash deposition and uptake of macroelements and heavy metals.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : Prairie cordgrass; municipal sewage sludge; harvest period; crude ash; macroelements

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About the article

Received: 2015-01-28

Accepted: 2015-06-12

Published Online: 2015-08-06


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0125.

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© 2015 Waldemar Helios et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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