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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry


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2391-5420
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Volume 13, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 13 (2015)

Preparation and characterization of activated carbons from biomass material – giant knotweed (Reynoutria sachalinensis)

Hanna Fałtynowicz
  • Corresponding author
  • Division of Chemistry and Technology of Fuels, Faculty of Chemistry, Wrocław University of Technology, Wrocław 50-344, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jan Kaczmarczyk
  • Division of Chemistry and Technology of Fuels, Faculty of Chemistry, Wrocław University of Technology, Wrocław 50-344, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Marek Kułażyński
  • Division of Chemistry and Technology of Fuels, Faculty of Chemistry, Wrocław University of Technology, Wrocław 50-344, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-09-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0128

Abstract

Activated carbons from biomass material of giant knotweed Reynoutria sachalinensis (F. Schmidt ex Maxim.) Nakai were obtained. Use of this plant for manufacturing activated carbon has not been studied yet. Therefore, the first activated carbons of giant knotweed origin are described. Both physicochemical (by steam and CO2) and chemical (by KOH) activation methods were applied. Influences of temperature (500, 600, 700 and 800°C), burn-off [10, 25 and 50 wt. % (daf)] and KOH concentration on pores surface area and volume distribution of the obtained activated carbons were explored. Porosity of the elaborated sorbents was determined by benzene and carbon dioxide sorption measurements. Sorbents obtained by steam activation were micro- and mesoporous with surface area and volume of pores increasing with temperature and burn-off to V = 0.351 cm3 g-1 and S = 768 m2 g-1 at 800°C at 50% burn-off. Carbon dioxide activation resulted with notably microporous activated carbons with porous texture parameters also increasing with burn-off to V = 0.286 cm3 g-1 and S = 724 m2 g-1 at 50% burn-off. The highest BET surface area of 2541 m2 g-1 was achieved when chemical (KOH) activation was performed using KOH to char ratio 4:1.

Graphical Abstract

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords : biomass; activated carbon; chemical activation; steam activation; carbon dioxide activation; benzene and carbon dioxide sorption; sorption properties

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About the article

Received: 2015-02-13

Accepted: 2015-06-24

Published Online: 2015-09-08


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, Volume 13, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0128.

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© 2015 Hanna Fałtynowicz et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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