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Open Chemistry

formerly Central European Journal of Chemistry

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Open Chemistry): 1.027
IMPACT FACTOR 2016 (Central European Journal of Chemistry): 1.460

CiteScore 2016: 0.61

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.288
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.735

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ISSN
2391-5420
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Volume 13, Issue 1 (Nov 2015)

Issues

Treatment of wastewater from production of meat-bone meal

Agnieszka Makara
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Chemistry and Inorganic Technology, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zygmunt Kowalski
  • Institute of Chemistry and Inorganic Technology, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Agnieszka Saeid
  • Department of Advanced Material Technologies, Faculty of Chemistry, Wroclaw University of Technology, Gdańska 7/9, 50-344 Wrocław, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-11-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0145

Abstract

The paper presents the results of the selection of the flocculent and coagulant types as well as the evaluation of the best parameters of treatment of wastewater deriving from meat-bone meal (MBM) production. The efficiency of purification depends on the composition of the coagulant and flocculent as well as the magnitude of the applied dose. The use of ferrous sulfate PIX 113 coagulant assured the highest reduction of the contamination content in filtrate, resulting in the reduction of color of wastewater by 96.8%, turbidity by 99.2%, and the phosphorus content by 99.9% and nitrogen by 92.4%, with the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) being reduced by 62.8%. The X-ray method proved the significant presence of phosphorus salts in the content of sediment. The moisture content in the sediment varied from 45 to 78.5%. The elaborated method of pretreatment of wastewater from meat-bone meal unit was verified on an industrial scale. A very high reduction of the phosphorus content in filtrate (> 99.9%), and a significant reduction of COD as well as nitrogen and suspended solid contents (90−95%) were presented. A high reduction of contamination in filtrate increases the production capacity of the existing biological treatment plant, in the next step of treatment of filtrate in the biological treatment unit.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords : meat-bone meal; wastewater; flocculent; coagulant

References

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About the article

Received: 2015-05-11

Accepted: 2015-10-15

Published Online: 2015-11-23


Citation Information: Open Chemistry, ISSN (Online) 2391-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/chem-2015-0145.

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© 2015 Agnieszka Makara et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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