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Volume 67, Issue 8


Carbonised polyaniline and polypyrrole: towards advanced nitrogen-containing carbon materials

Gordana Ćirić-Marjanović / Igor Pašti / Nemanja Gavrilov / Aleksandra Janošević / Slavko Mentus
  • Faculty of Physical Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 12-16, 11158, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Knez Mihajlova 35, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia
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Published Online: 2013-05-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11696-013-0312-1


Polyaniline (PANI) and polypyrrole (PPY) undergo carbonisation in an inert/reduction atmosphere and vacuum, yielding different nitrogen-containing carbon materials. This contribution reviews various procedures for the carbonisation of PANI and PPY precursors, and the characteristics of obtained carbonised PANI (C-PANI) and carbonised PPY (C-PPY). Special attention is paid to the role of synthetic procedures in tailoring the formation of C-PANI and C-PPY nanostructures and nanocomposites. The review considers the importance of scanning and transmission electron microscopies, XPS, FTIR, Raman, NMR, and EPR spectroscopies, electrical conductivity and adsorption/desorption measurements, XRD, and elemental analyses in the characterisation of C-PANIs and C-PPYs. The application of C-PANI and C-PPY in various fields of modern technology is also reviewed.

Keywords: polyaniline; polypyrrole; carbonisation; N-containing carbon materials

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Published Online: 2013-05-03

Published in Print: 2013-08-01

Citation Information: Chemical Papers, Volume 67, Issue 8, Pages 781–813, ISSN (Online) 1336-9075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11696-013-0312-1.

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