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Volume 68, Issue 9

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Photocatalytic air-cleaning using TiO2 nanoparticles in porous silica substrate

Andraž Šuligoj / Urška Štangar / Nataša Tušar
  • Laboratory for Environmental Research, University of Nova Gorica, Vipavska 13, 5001, Nova Gorica, Slovenia
  • Laboratory for Inorganic Chemistry and Technology, National Institute of Chemistry, Hajdrihova 19, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia
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Published Online: 2014-05-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11696-014-0553-7

Abstract

For air-cleaning, TiO2 photocatalysis represents one of the very efficient advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) that can decompose chemically and microbiologically stable volatile organic compounds (VOCs). However, the photocatalytic activity of nanocrystalline TiO2 powders can be significantly suppressed due to TiO2’s poor adsorption characteristics for organic compounds and its relatively low surface area. The present study sought to solve this problem by immobilising nanocrystalline TiO2 in the porous silicate substrate. Two titania sources were used in an aqueous solution form: a suspension from a TiO2 producer in Slovenia, Cinkarna Celje (CC-40) and a TiO2 sol, prepared by a low-temperature synthesis developed at the University of Nova Gorica (TiO2-UNG). Two different types of mesoporous silica were used: SBA-15 with an ordered hexagonal pore arrangement and KIL-2 with disordered inter-particle mesoporosity. The structural characteristics, adsorption properties and photocatalytic activity of catalysts deposited on aluminium plates as thin films were investigated. CC-40 exhibited higher adsorption and photocatalytic activity than TiO2-UNG due to the greater quantity of Ti-OH groups on its surface. The addition of mesoporous silica led to higher adsorption and catalytic activity for both TiO2 sources. SBA-15 was more efficient than KIL-2.

Keywords: TiO2 nanoparticles; porous silica; SBA-15; KIL-2; adsorption; photocatalytic activity

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About the article

Published Online: 2014-05-23

Published in Print: 2014-09-01


Citation Information: Chemical Papers, Volume 68, Issue 9, Pages 1265–1272, ISSN (Online) 1336-9075, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11696-014-0553-7.

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