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Acta Chirurgica Latviensis

The Journal of Riga Stradins University; Latvian Association of Surgeons; Latvian Association of Paediatric Surgeons

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Pathology of Breast Cancer: from Classic Concepts to Molecular Pathology and Pathogenesis

Ilze Strumfa
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Pathology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
  • Institute of Oncology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Andrejs Vanags / Arnis Abolins / Janis Gardovskis
  • Institute of Oncology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
  • Department of Surgery, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-05-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10163-012-0012-x


Breast cancer has high incidence and still significant mortality. Due to the widespread application and efficacy of surgery in breast cancer treatment, the surgeon has a crucial role in the treatment planning. Taking into account the tendency to personalized cancer care and the heterogeneity of breast cancer, the surgeon has to be aware about the prognostic and predictive characteristics of breast cancer. We discuss here the classaic pathology of breast cancer along with molecular subtypes, novel prognostic markers and molecular pathogenesis.

Keywords : breast cancer; pathology; molecular pathology; molecular subtypes; immunohistochemistry

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-05-11

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: Acta Chirurgica Latviensis, Volume 12, Issue 1, Pages 59–66, ISSN (Print) 1407-981X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10163-012-0012-x.

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