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Chemistry International

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Volume 25, Issue 1

Issues

Nanostructured Advanced Materials

Published Online: 2009-09-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci.2003.25.1.19

Nanostructured Advanced Materials

A special topic issue of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Vol. 74, No. 9, 2002. IUPAC, 2002.

(ISBN 0-9678550-5-5)

A focus of frontline interdisciplinary research today is the development of the conceptual framework and the experimental background of the science of nanostructured materials and the perspectives of its technological applications. The subjects of nanoscience and nanotechnology pertains to the synthesis, characterization, exploration, interrogation, exploitation, and utilization of nanostructured materials, which are characterized by at least one dimension in the nanometer domain. Such nanostructured systems constitute a bridge between single molecules and infinite bulk systems. Individual nanostructures involve clusters, nanoparticles, nanocrystals, quantum dots, nanowires, and nanotubes, while collections of nanostructures involve arrays, assemblies, and superlattices of individual nanostructures.

The implications of quantum size and shape effects on the energetics, nuclear-electronic level structure, electric-optical response, and dynamics, reveal new unique physical phenomena that qualitatively differ from those of the bulk matter and provide avenues for the control of the function of nanostructures.

This special topic issue of Pure and Applied Chemistry includes reviews and research papers based on lectures presented at the second Workshop on Advanced Materials: Nanostructured Materials (WAM II), held from 13–16 February 2002 in Bangalore, India (See Conference report, CI May 2002, p.22). This PAC issue was coordinated by Professor J. Bull, IUPAC Special Topics Editor and Professor G.U. Kulkarni, chairman of the Local Organizing Committee. The papers addressed recent developments in the broad, interdisciplinary research field of nanostructured materials and are organized under the following categories: synthesis and characterization, spectroscopic and other physical properties, and applications of nanostructured materials.

Perspectives and directions are given in the introduction authored by C. N. R. Rao and Joshua Jortner. That paper highlights some significant aspects of the characterization, interrogation, and response of nanostructures, in conjunction with theoretical modeling of the unique structure, dynamics, and function of quantum structures and their assemblies.

www.iupac.org/publications/pac/2002/7409

Page last modified 30 December 2002.

Copyright © 2002 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

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Nanostructured Advanced Materials

Typical dimensions of nanostructures and their assemblies

(reproduced from J. Jortner and C.N.R. Rao, Pure Appl. Chem. 74(9), 1491-1506, 2002)

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Page last modified 17 December 2002.

Copyright © 2002 International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

Questions regarding the website, please contact edit.ci@iupac.org

About the article

Published Online: 2009-09-01

Published in Print: 2003-01-01


Citation Information: Chemistry International -- Newsmagazine for IUPAC, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 19–20, ISSN (Online) 1365-2192, ISSN (Print) 0193-6484, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci.2003.25.1.19.

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