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Volume 41, Issue 3


1919-1939: The First Life of the Union

Danielle Fauque
Published Online: 2019-06-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci-2019-0302


In April 1919, delegates of five allied nations gathered in Paris, at the initiative of the Société de Chimie Industrielle (SCI-F) and the French Federation of Chemical Associations (FNAC) to decide on the creation of an interallied confederation for pure and applied chemistry. The delegates were following up on a proposal made by the Interallied Conference of Scientific Academies that had met in London and Paris in 1918. Each country was asked to create a national body in each discipline, and these entities would be united into a Union, at first an interallied then international union when the wounds of war healed. The whole structure was to be headed by an International Research Council (IRC) [1].


  • 1.

    See Robert Fox, The International Research Council and its unions, 1919-1931, infra. p. 7Google Scholar

  • 2.

    Brigitte Van Tiggelen and Danielle Fauque, The formation of the International Association of Chemical Societies, Chem Int 34(1), Jan-Feb 2012, pp. 9-11 ; https://doi.org/10.1515/ci.2012.34.1.8

  • 3.

    D. Thorburn Burns and H. Deelstra, Establishing a vital tradition: the series of international congresses of applied chemistry, 1894-1912, Chem Int 33(4) (2011), 11–14; https://doi.org/10.1515/ci.2011.33.4.11. Before the war, the congresses on applied chemistry did not have such an international independent body.

  • 4.

    Compte rendu des réunions et conférences, Chimie & Industrie, 2/5 (mai 1919), 497-589. See Moureu’s report, 558-563. Google Scholar

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    D. Fauque, French Chemists and the International Reorganisation of Chemistry after World War I, Ambix, 58/2 (2011), 116-135; (page 129, read 22 July in place of 23 July as indicated in note 68.)https://doi.org/10.1179/174582311X13008456751071Web of ScienceCrossrefPubMed

  • 6.

    D. Fauque, Jean Gérard, Secretary General and Driving Force of the International Chemical Conferences between the Wars, in M. Kaji, Y. Furukawa, H. Tanaka, Y. Kikuchi (eds), Transformation of chemistry from the 1920s to the 1960s. Proceedings of the International Workshop on the History of Chemistry 2015 Tokyo (IWHC 2015 Tokyo), 42-49, see 46-49.Google Scholar

  • 7.

    D. Fauque, La documentation au cœur de la réorganisation de la chimie dans l’entre-deux-guerres: Rôle des sociétés savantes et institutions françaises dans le contexte international, Rev. Hist. Sci., 69/1 (2016), 41-75.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 8.

    J. Smit, Ernst Cohen and the challenge of a truly international Union, infra. p. 9Google Scholar

  • 9.

    R. Fox, Science, celebrity, diplomacy: The Marcellin Berthelot centenary, 1927, Rev. Hist. Sci., 69(1) (2016), 77-115.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    Union internationale de chimie (UIC), Comptes rendus de la Xe Conférence internationale de la chimie (CIC), Liège, 14-20 sept 1930 (Secrétariat général, J. Gérard, nd), 17.Google Scholar

  • 11.

    Union internationale de chimie pure et appliquée, Comptes rendus de la VIIe CIC, Washington DC, 13-15 sept 1926 (Secrétariat général, J. Gérard, nd).Google Scholar

  • 12.

    UIC, Comptes rendus de la XIe CIC, Madrid, 5-11 avril 1934 (Secrétariat général, J. Gérard, nd).Google Scholar

  • 13.

    Ma Angeles Monge, Pilar Goya, and José Elguero, The Chemistry of the 21st Century—State of the Art, Chem Int 30(6), Nov-Dec 2008, pp. 24-25; https://doi.org/10.1515/ci.2008.30.6.24

  • 14.

    UIC, Comptes rendus de la XIIe CIC, Lucerne, Zurich, 16-22 août 1936 (Secrétariat général, J. Gérard, nd).Google Scholar

  • 15.

    UIC, Comptes rendus de la XIIIe CIC, Rome, 15-20 mai 1938 (Secrétariat général, J. Gérard, nd), 40-41.Google Scholar

About the article

Danielle Fauque

Danielle Fauque < > is research associate at Université de Paris-Sud 11, Orsay, France.

Published Online: 2019-06-14

Published in Print: 2019-07-01

Citation Information: Chemistry International, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 2–6, ISSN (Online) 1365-2192, ISSN (Print) 0193-6484, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci-2019-0302.

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©2019 IUPAC & De Gruyter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. For more information, please visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.Get Permission

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