Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Chemistry International

The News Magazine of IUPAC

IUPAC members can access Chemistry International content by logging into www.iupac.org. Logged-in users coming from that site will be authenticated by www.degruyter.com.

Online
ISSN
1365-2192
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 41, Issue 3

Issues

Rebuilding IUPAC after WWII

Danielle Fauque / Brigitte Van Tiggelen
Published Online: 2019-06-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci-2019-0308

Abstract

The League of Nations’ failure to ensure global peace by solving conflicts through diplomatic and peaceful means prompted Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill to discuss the creation of a more efficient international organization as soon as the Second World War erupted. These preliminary efforts led to the signing of the Charter of the United Nations (UN) in San Francisco in 1945. In January 1946, the first general UN assembly took place, along with the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council. The latter created several international bodies, among them UNESCO. At first, UNESCO seemed to be the continuation of the International Institute for the Intellectual Cooperation (IIIC) coupled with the International Commission for the Intellectual Cooperation (ICIC), but was actually based on new rules [1].

References

  • 1.

    Franck Greenaway, Science international. A history of the International Council of Scientific Unions (Cambridge University Press, 1996).Google Scholar

  • 2.

    Roger Fennell, History of IUPAC, 1919-1987 (Blackwell Science, 1994).Google Scholar

  • 3.

    Annual Tables of physical constants and numerical data, 1941-1942 (Princeton, 1941-1942).Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Reprise de contact” are the words used in the English text. At that time, all the comptes rendus are in French. The 1946 meeting was indeed not a conference, but a meeting to resume the contacts. See Union internationale de chimie (UIC): Comptes rendus de la Reprise de contact, Londres, 24-27 juillet 1946 (Paris, Secrétariat général, Raymond Delaby, nd). The next president, H. Kruyt, will also use the same turn of phrase in his 1951 report written in English, see ref 7, p. 35.Google Scholar

  • 5.

    UIC-IUC, Comptes rendus de la 14eme Conférence, Londres, 17-24 juillet 1947 (id.). Google Scholar

  • 6.

    Union internationale de chimie pure et appliquée (UICPA), International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), Comptes rendus de la 15eme Conférence, Amsterdam, 5-10 septembre 1949 (id.).Google Scholar

  • 7.

    UICPA-IUPAC, Comptes rendus de la 16eme Conférence, New York City – Washington D.C., 8-15 sept 1951 (id.).Google Scholar

  • 8.

    UICPA-IUPAC, Comptes rendus de la 17eme Conférence, Stockholm, 29 juillet-4 août 1953 (id.)Google Scholar

  • 9.

    UICPA-IUPAC, Comptes rendus de la 18eme Conférence, Zürich, 20-28 juillet 1955 (Secrétaire général, Dr R. Morf, c/o Sandoz S.A., Bâle, nd)Google Scholar

About the article

Danielle Fauque

Danielle Fauque < > is reasearch associate at Université de Paris-Sud 11 (Orsay, France)

Brigitte Van Tiggelen

Brigitte Van Tiggelen < > is research associate at Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-neuve, Belgium.


Published Online: 2019-06-14

Published in Print: 2019-07-01


Citation Information: Chemistry International, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 22–25, ISSN (Online) 1365-2192, ISSN (Print) 0193-6484, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci-2019-0308.

Export Citation

©2019 IUPAC & De Gruyter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. For more information, please visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in