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Volume 41, Issue 3

Issues

IUPAC Expansion from 1957 to 1975

Danielle Fauque / Brigitte Van Tiggelen
Published Online: 2019-06-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci-2019-0310

Abstract

To chemists and chemical educators, there were two important events in the ‘60s and ‘70s. First, in 1961, the agreement between physicists and chemists on the choice of carbon 12 as unique element of reference in the atomic weights table and then in 1971, the definition of mole as the seventh unit of the international system [1]. In both of these issues the Union played its role as expert to the fullest, and established solid grounds for a common language of chemistry across the world. This role is also extended to other matters at a time marked by social changes. Technological progress improved quality of life like never before and the space conquest that opened new horizons, both scientific and technological, to explore. All the while, despite the Cold War, international and interdisciplinary projects are established, and new international organizations, such as UNESCO, appear to cope with the new challenges. Alongside these organizations, the longstanding ICSU and the Union adapt themselves.

References:

  • 1.

    R. Marquardt. The mole and IUPAC: a brief history, infra p. 50Google Scholar

  • 2.

    The IUPAC presidents between 1957 and 1975 were: Arthur Stoll (1955-1959), William A. Noyes Jr. (1959-1963), Alexander R. Todd (1963-1965), Wilhelm Klemm (1965-1967), Victor N. Kondratiev (1967-1969), A. Lloyd G. Rees (1969-1971), Jacques Bénard (1971-1973), and Harold W. Thompson (1973-1975).Google Scholar

  • 3.

    C. Reinhardt. IUPAC: Engaged in the Instrumental Revolution, infra p. 35Google Scholar

  • 4.

    E. Zaitseva-Baum. The First Russian President of IUPAC: Victor Kondratiev (1902-1979), infra, p. 33Google Scholar

  • 5.

    G.J. Leigh. A History of the IUPAC Commission for the Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry (CNIC), infra p. 39Google Scholar

Complementary bibliography (cb)

  • 1.

    UICPA-IUPAC, Comptes rendus de la 18eme Conférence, Zürich, 20-28 juillet 1955 (Dr R. Morf, secrétaire general, Bâle) Google Scholar

  • 2.

    UICPA-IUPAC, Comptes rendus de la 19eme Conférence, Paris, 16-25 juillet 1957Google Scholar

  • 3.

    Id., 20eme Conférence, Munich, 26 août - 6 sept 1959Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Id., 21eme Conférence, Montréal, 2-5 août 1961 (Dr.R. Morf, c/o F. Hoffmann-La Roche et Cie. SA, Basle; Butherworths scientific Publication, London, nd). Google Scholar

  • 5.

    IUPAC-UICPA, Comptes rendus XXII Conference, London 5-9 July 1963 (secretary general Dr Morf, c/o F. Hoffmann-La Roche & Co. Ltd, Basle; Butherworths scientific Publication, London, nd). Google Scholar

  • 6.

    id., 23rd Conference, Paris, 2-9 July 1965 (secretary general Dr. R. Morf, c/o F. Hoffmann-La Roche & Co. Ltd, Basle; Butherworths scientific Publication, London, nd). Google Scholar

  • 7.

    id., 24th Conference, Prague, 4 to 10 Sept 1967 (secretary general Dr.R. Morf, c/o F. Hoffmann-La Roche & Co. Ltd, Basle; Butherworths scientific Publication, London, nd).Google Scholar

  • 8.

    id., 25th Conference, Cortina d’Ampezzo, 30 June-8 July 1969 (IUPAC, 1970).Google Scholar

  • 9.

    id., 25th Conference, Washington, DC, 15-24 July 1971 (IUPAC, Oxford, 1972). Google Scholar

  • 10.

    Jacques Bénard, Report of President on State of the Union, in Agenda for XXVII Council Meeting Munich, 29 and 31 August 1973, pp 9-17 or in French, Rapport général du président J. Bénard sur l’état de l’Union, in L’Actualité chimique, 5 Oct 1973, pp. 7-13. http://www.lactualitechimique.org/Rapport-general-du-President-J-Benard-sur-l-etat-de-l-Union.—see box page 32 Taking stock in 1973

  • 11.

    IUPAC, Comptes rendus 28th Conference – Part B, Madrid, 2-11 Sept 1975 (Pergamon Press, IUPAC, Oxford, 1977).Google Scholar

  • 12.

    Wilhelm Klemm, Report on the work of the IUPAC, 1957-1967 (Butterworths, London, 1967). Madrid, 2-11 Sept 1975 (Pergamon Press, IUPAC, Oxford, 1977).Google Scholar

  • 13.

    Wilhelm Klemm, Report on the work of the IUPAC, 1957-1967 (Butterworths, London, 1967).Google Scholar

About the article

Danielle Fauque

Danielle Fauque < > is reasearch associate at Université de Paris-Sud 11 (Orsay, France)

Brigitte Van Tiggelen

Brigitte Van Tiggelen < > is research associate at Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-neuve, Belgium.


Published Online: 2019-06-14

Published in Print: 2019-07-01


Citation Information: Chemistry International, Volume 41, Issue 3, Pages 28–32, ISSN (Online) 1365-2192, ISSN (Print) 0193-6484, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/ci-2019-0310.

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©2019 IUPAC & De Gruyter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. For more information, please visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/.Get Permission

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