Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Czech Journal of Tourism

The Journal of Masaryk University

2 Issues per year

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1805-3580
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Direct economic impact of tourism on World Heritage Cities: An approach to measurement in emerging destinations

Pablo Juan Cárdenas-García
  • Corresponding author
  • Laboratory of Analysis and Innovation in Tourism (LAInnTUR), Department of Economics, University of Jaén, Spain
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Juan Ignacio Pulido-Fernández / Ana Belén Mudarra Fernández
Published Online: 2015-10-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cjot-2014-0005

Abstract

In 2013, it had been ten years since the World Heritage designation of Úbeda and Baeza. After this time period, there should have been a change in the image of this tourism destination, which should have been translated, according to the literature, into an increase in tourism, and, consequently, into a greater impact of this activity on the economy of both cities.

The aim of this work is to evaluate whether the designation of Úbeda and Baeza as World Heritage Cities has led to an increase in the economic impact generated by tourism in these destinations. To do this, the evolution of the main tourism variables of these cities over the last decade has been analysed, concluding that, indeed, there has been an increase in the direct economic impact generated by tourism in these cities, which is mainly explained by an increase in average daily expenditure.

Keywords: Tourism; economic impact; tourism expenditure; Úbeda-Baeza (Spain); World Heritage Cities

References

  • Barroso, M., & Flores, D. (2006). La competitividad internacional de los destinos turísticos: Del enfoque macroeconómico al enfoque estratégico. Cuadernos de Turismo, 17, 7-24.Google Scholar

  • Bigné, E., Andreu, L., & Font, X. (2000). Marketing de destinos turisticos. Analisis y estrategias de desarrollo. Barcelona: Esic Editorial.Google Scholar

  • Brida, J. G., & Scuderi, R. (2013). Determinants of tourist expenditure: a review of microeconometric models. Tourism Management Perspective, 6, 28-40. DOI: 10.1016/j.tmp.2012.10.006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Calderón, S. (2009). Conceptos de patrimonio, atractivo turistico y recurso turistico. Retrieved from http://estudiosdelturismo.blogspot.com.es/2009/05/conceptos-de-patrimonio-atractivo.htmlGoogle Scholar

  • Cárdenas, P. J. (2012). Crecimiento turístico versus Desarrollo Económico. Revista de Economia Mundial, 32, 73-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.tmp.2012.10.006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Crompton, J. L. (1979). An Assessment of the Image of Mexico as a Vacation Destination and the Influence of Geographical Upon That Image. Journal of Travel Research, 17, 4 18-23. DOI: 10.1177/004728757901700404CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ditcher, E. (1985). “What is in an Image?”, Journal of Consumer Marketing 2: 39-52.Google Scholar

  • Echtner, C. M., & Ritchie, B. J. R. (1991). The Meaning and Measurement of Destination Image. The Journal of Tourism Studies, 2(2), 2-12. doi: 10.1177/004728759303100402.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Frechtling, D. C. (1994). Assessing the economic impact of travel and tourism. Introduction to travel economic impact estimation”. In B. J. R. Ritchie, & C. R. Goeldner (Eds.). Travel, Tourism, and Hospitality Research. A handbook for managers and researchers (pp. 359-365). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar

  • Fredman, P. (2008). Determinants of visitor expenditures in mountain tourism. Tourism Economics, 14(2), 297-311. DOI: 10.5367/000000008784460418CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • García-Sánchez, A., Fernández-Rubio, E., & Collado, M. D. (2013). Daily expenses of foreign tourists, length of stay and activities: Evidence from Spain. Tourism Economics, 19(3), 613-630. DOI: 10.5367/te.2013.0218Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Instituto de Estadística y Cartografía de Andalucía. (2003, 2012). Sistema de Informacion Multiterritorial de Andalucia (SIMA). Retrieved from http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/institutodeestadisticaycartografia/sima/index2.htmGoogle Scholar

  • Instituto de Estadística y Cartografía de Andalucía. (2003, 2012). Encuesta de Coyuntura Turistica de Andalucia. Retrieved from http://www.juntadeandalucia.es/institutodeestadisticaycartografia/turismo/index.htmGoogle Scholar

  • Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (2003). Encuesta de Ocupacion Hotelera. Retrieved from http:// www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?L=0&type=pcaxis&path=%2Ft11/e162eoh&file=inebaseGoogle Scholar

  • Kim, S. S., Han, H., & Chon, K. (2008). Estimation of the determinants of expenditure by festival visitors. Tourism Analysis, 13(4), 387-401. DOI: 10.5367/000000008784460418CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • King, R., & Woodside, A. (2001). An Updated Model of Travel and Tourism Purchase- Consumption System. Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 10(1), 3-27. DOI: 10.1300/J073v10n01_02CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Laesser, C., & Crouch, G. (2006). Segmenting Markets by Travel Expenditure Patterns: The Case of International Visitors to Australia. Journal of Travel Research, 44, 397-406. DOI: 10.1177/0047287505282952CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Leask, A. (2006). World Heritage Site Designation. In A. Leask, & A. Fyall (Eds.). Managing World Heritage Sites (pp. 5-19). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Martínez, F. (2003). Turismo rural: caracteristicas de la actividad e impacto economico en Galicia. Tesis doctoral. Universidad de Santiago de Compostela.Google Scholar

  • Mazón, T., & Aledo, A. (2005). El Turismo residencial y cambio social. Nuevas perspectivas teoricas y empiricas. Alicante: Aguaclara.Google Scholar

  • Mok, C., & Iverson, T. (2000). Expenditure-based segmentation: Taiwanese tourists to Guam. Tourism Management, 21, 299-305. DOI: 10.1016/S0261-5177(99)00060-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Oxenfeldt, A. R. (1974). Developing a Favorable Price-Quality Image. Journal of Retailing, 50(4), 8-14. DOI: 10.1177/0047287512465959CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pawlowska, E., & Martínez, F. (2009). Una aproximación al impacto económico directo del turismo académico: el caso de los intercambios Erasmus en la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. Revista Galega de Economia, 18(2), 91-110.Google Scholar

  • Poria, Y., Reichel, A., & Cohen, R. (2011). World Heritage Site- Is it an effective brand name? A case of a religious heritage site. Journal of Travel Research, 50(5), 482-495. DOI: 10.1177/0047287510379158CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Pulido-Fernández, J. I. (2013). Gestión de la cadena de valor del destino turístico. In J.I. Pulido- Fernández & Y. López-Sánchez, Y. (Ed.). Gestion estrategica sostenible de destinos turisticos (pp. 521-577). Seville: Universidad Internacional de Andalucía. DOI: 10.1177/0047287510379158CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Sánchez-Rivero, M., & Pulido-Fernández, J. I. (2012). Testing Heterogeneous Image in Cultural/ Non-cultural Tourism Markets: a Latent Model Approach. International Journal of Tourism Research, 14(3), 250-268. DOI: 10.1002/jtr.850CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Stynes, D. J. (1999). Approaches to estimating the economic impacts of tourism; some examples. Retrieved from https://www.msu.edu/course/prr/840/econimpact/pdf/ecimpvol2.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • Thrane, C., & Farstad, E. (2011). Domestic tourism expenditures: The non-linear effects of length of stay and travel party size. Tourism management, 32, 46-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.tourman.2009.11.002Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Torres, E. (2003). El turismo residenciado y sus efectos en los destinos turísticos. Estudios Turisticos, 155, 45-70.Google Scholar

  • Venturini, E. J. (2010). Los itinerarios culturales como base para propuesta de desarrollo turistico sustentable. Retrieved from http://www.revistaamericapatrimonio.org/art_5_4.pdfGoogle Scholar

  • Wang, Y. (2007). Customized Authenticity Begins at Home. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(3), 789-804. DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2007.03.008CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wikemedia Commons (2014). Comarca de La Loma. Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Comarca_de_La_Loma.svg WikimediaWinter, Y. (2007). Rethinking Tourism in Asia. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(1), 27-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.annals.2006.06.004CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Woodside, A., & Dubelaar, C. (2002). A General Theory of Tourism Consumption Systems: A conceptual Framework and an Empirical Exploration. Journal of Travel Research, 41(2), 120-132. DOI: 10.1177/004728702237412CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • World Tourism Organization - UNWTO. (1998). Guia para administradores locales: desarrollo turistico sostenible. Madrid: UNWTO.Google Scholar

  • Wu, L., Zhang, J., & Fujiwara, A. (2011). Representing tourist’s time use behavior based on a multiple discrete continuous extreme value model. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 9, 796-809. Google Scholar

About the article

Accepted: 2015-06-08

Published Online: 2015-10-29

Published in Print: 2015-08-01


Citation Information: Czech Journal of Tourism, ISSN (Online) 1805-3580, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cjot-2014-0005.

Export Citation

© by Pablo Juan Cárdenas-García. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in