Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Curved and Layered Structures

Editor-in-Chief: Tornabene, Francesco


CiteScore 2018: 1.60

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.546
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: .496

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2353-7396
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Design and Optimization of a Composite Canard Control Surface of an Advanced Fighter Aircraft under Static Loading

Sachin Shrivastava / P.M. Mohite
Published Online: 2015-03-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cls-2015-0006

Abstract

The minimization of weight and maximization of payload is an ever challenging design procedure for air vehicles. The present study has been carried out with an objective to redesign control surface of an advanced all-metallic fighter aircraft. In this study, the structure made up of high strength aluminum, titanium and ferrous alloys has been attempted to replace by carbon fiber composite (CFC) skin, ribs and stiffeners. This study presents an approach towards development of a methodology for optimization of first-ply failure index (FI) in unidirectional fibrous laminates using Genetic-Algorithms (GA) under quasi-static loading. The GAs, by the application of its operators like reproduction, cross-over, mutation and elitist strategy, optimize the ply-orientations in laminates so as to have minimum FI of Tsai-Wu first-ply failure criterion. The GA optimization procedure has been implemented in MATLAB and interfaced with commercial software ABAQUS using python scripting. FI calculations have been carried out in ABAQUS with user material subroutine (UMAT). The GA's application gave reasonably well-optimized ply-orientations combination at a faster convergence rate. However, the final optimized sequence of ply-orientations is obtained by tweaking the sequences given by GA's based on industrial practices and experience, whenever needed. The present study of conversion of an all metallic structure to partial CFC structure has led to 12% of weight reduction. Therefore, the approach proposed here motivates designer to use CFC with a confidence.

Keywords: Control Surface; Failure Index; Optimization; Weight Reduction; Genetic-Algorithm; Python scripting

References

  • [1] Holland J.H., Complex adaptive systems, Daedalus, 1992, 121, 17-30.Google Scholar

  • [2] Balaji C., Madadi R.R., Optimization of the location of multiple discrete heat sources in a ventilated cavity using artificial neural networks and micro genetic algorithm, Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 1008, 51, 2299-2312.Google Scholar

  • [3] Callahan K.J., Weeks G.E., Optimum design of composite laminates using genetic algorithm, Compos. Eng., 1992, 2, 149-160.Google Scholar

  • [4] Ball N.R., Sargent P.M., Ige D.O., Genetic algorithm representations for laminate layups, Artif. Intell. Eng., 1993, 8, 99-108.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Almeida F.S., Awruch A.M., Design optimization of composite laminated structures using genetic algorithms and finite element analysis, Compos. Struct., 2009, 88, 443-454.Google Scholar

  • [6] Soremekun G., Gürdal Z., Haftka R.T., Watson L.T., Composite laminate design optimization by genetic algorithm with generalized elitist selection. Comput. Struct., 2001, 79, 131-143.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Lopez R.H., Lursen M.A., Cursi J.E.S., Optimization of hybrid laminated composites using a genetic algorithm, J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. & Eng., 2009, 31, 269-278.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Liu B., Haftka R.T., Single-level composite wing optimization based on flexural lamination parameters. Struct. Multidisc. Optim., 2004, 26, 111-120.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Natarajan S., Ferreira A.J.M., Nguyen-Xuan H., Analysis of crossply laminated plates using isogeometric analysis and unified formulation. Curved Layer. Struct., 2014, 1, 1-10.Google Scholar

  • [10] Zhang Y., Xiong F., Yang S., Numerical simulation for composite wing structure design optimization of a mini type unmanned aerial vehicle. Open Mech. Eng. J., 2011, 5, 11-18.Google Scholar

  • [11] Shabeer K.P., Murtaza M.A., Optimization of aircraft wing with composite material, Int. J. Innov. Res. Sci. Eng. Technol., 2013, 2, 2471-2477.Google Scholar

  • [12] Todoroki A., Ishikawa A., Design of experiments for stacking sequence optimizations with genetic algorithm using response surface approximation, Compos. Struct., 2004, 64, 349-357.Google Scholar

  • [13] Hadjiloizi D.A., Kalamkarov A.L., Metti Ch., Georgiades A.V., Analysis of Smart Piezo-Magneto-Thermo-Elastic Composite and Reinforced Plates: Part I - Model Development, Curved Layer. Struct., 2014, 1, 11-31.Google Scholar

  • [14] Hadjiloizi D.A., Kalamkarov A.L., Metti Ch., Georgiades A.V., Analysis of Smart Piezo-Magneto-Thermo-Elastic Composite and Reinforced Plates: Part II – Applications, Curved Layer. Struct., 2014, 1, 32-58.Google Scholar

  • [15] Hashin Z., Rosen B.W., The elastic moduli of fibre-reinforced materials. J. Appl. Mech., 1964, 31, 223-232.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] Hashin Z., The elastic modulii of heterogeneous material, J. Appl. Mech., 1962, 31, 143-150.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] Christensen R.M., Lo K.H., Solutions for effective shear properties in three phase sphere and cylinder models. J. Appl. Mech. Phys. Solids, 1979, 27, 315-330.Google Scholar

  • [18] Hexel Composites, Product Data of HexPlyIM7/8552 Carbon Fiber Epoxy matrix laminate, 2013, http://www.hexcel.com/Resources/DataSheets/Prepreg-Data-Sheets/8552_eu.pdf

  • [19] Herakovich C.T., Mechanics of Fibrous Composites, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New York, 1998.Google Scholar

  • [20] MIL-STD-8591, Airborne stores, suspension equipment and Aircraft-store interface (Carriage Phase), Department of Defense, USA, Design Criteria's for Standard, 2009.Google Scholar

  • [21] Daley B.N., Lord D.R., Aerodynamic Characteristics of Several 6-Percent-Thick Airfoils at Angles of Attack From 0 degs to 20 degs at High Subsonic Speeds, NACA TN 3424, 1955.Google Scholar

  • [22] Tsai S.W., Wu E.M., A general theory of strength for anisotropic materials, J. Compos. Mat., 1971, 5, 58-80.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Deb K., Pratap A., Agarwal S., Meyarivan T., A Fast and elitist multi-objective genetic algorithm: NSGA-II. IEEE Trans. Evol. Comput., 2002, 6, 187-192.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] Mohite P.M., NPTEL Course on Composite Materials and Structures, http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/courses/101104010/

About the article

Received: 2014-07-16

Accepted: 2015-01-10

Published Online: 2015-03-25

Published in Print: 2015-01-01


Citation Information: Curved and Layered Structures, Volume 2, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2353-7396, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cls-2015-0006.

Export Citation

© Sachin Shrivastava et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in