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Plant dehydrins — Tissue location, structure and function

1Institute of Plant Genetics, PAS, Strzeszyńska 34, 60-479, Poznań, Poland

© 2006 University of Wrocław, Poland. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

Citation Information: Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters. Volume 11, Issue 4, Pages 536–556, ISSN (Online) 1689-1392, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s11658-006-0044-0, September 2006

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Dehydrins (DHNs) are part of a large group of highly hydrophilic proteins known as LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant). They were originally identified as group II of the LEA proteins. The distinctive feature of all DHNs is a conserved, lysine-rich 15-amino acid domain, EKKGIMDKIKEKLPG, named the K-segment. It is usually present near the C-terminus. Other typical dehydrin features are: a track of Ser residues (the S-segment); a consensus motif, T/VDEYGNP (the Y-segment), located near the N-terminus; and less conserved regions, usually rich in polar amino acids (the Φ-segments). They do not display a well-defined secondary structure. The number and order of the Y-, S-and K-segments define different DHN sub-classes: YnSKn, YnKn, SKn, Kn and KnS. Dehydrins are distributed in a wide range of organisms including the higher plants, algae, yeast and cyanobacteria. They accumulate late in embryogenesis, and in nearly all the vegetative tissues during normal growth conditions and in response to stress leading to cellular dehydration (e.g. drought, low temperature and salinity). DHNs are localized in different cell compartments, such as the cytosol, nucleus, mitochondria, vacuole, and the vicinity of the plasma membrane; however, they are primarily localized to the cytoplasm and nucleus. The precise function of dehydrins has not been established yet, but in vitro experiments revealed that some DHNs (YSKn-type) bind to lipid vesicles that contain acidic phospholipids, and others (KnS) were shown to bind metals and have the ability to scavenge hydroxyl radicals [Asghar, R. et al. Protoplasma 177 (1994) 87–94], protect lipid membranes against peroxidation or display cryoprotective activity towards freezing-sensitive enzymes. The SKn-and K-type seem to be directly involved in cold acclimation processes. The main question arising from the in vitro findings is whether each DHN structural type could possess a specific function and tissue distribution. Much recent in vitro data clearly indicates that dehydrins belonging to different subclasses exhibit distinct functions.

Keywords: Dehydration stress; Drought; Cold acclimation; Freezing tolerance; LEA proteins; Dehydrin

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Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 2015, Page 1
Natalia Korotaeva, Anatolii Romanenko, Galina Suvorova, Maria V. Ivanova, Lidia Lomovatskaya, Gennadii Borovskii, and Victor Voinikov
Photosynthesis Research, 2015, Volume 124, Number 2, Page 159
Plant, Cell & Environment, 2015, Volume 38, Number 7, Page 1434
Sisi Liu, Zhuanfang Hao, Jianfeng Weng, Mingshun Li, Degui Zhang, Guangtang Pan, Shihuang Zhang, and Xinhai Li
Molecular Breeding, 2015, Volume 35, Number 1
Marta Fernández, Valentina Troncoso, and Sofia Valenzuela
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2015
Nicola La Porta, Gaurav Sablok, Giovanni Emilliani, Ari M. Hietala, Alessio Giovannelli, Paolo Fontana, Emilio Potenza, and Paolo Baldi
Molecular Biotechnology, 2015, Volume 57, Number 5, Page 407
Manu Kumar, Sang-Choon Lee, Ji-Youn Kim, Soo-Jin Kim, San San Aye, and Seong-Ryong Kim
Journal of Plant Biology, 2014, Volume 57, Number 6, Page 383
Pavithra A Jyothi-Prakash, Bijayalaxmi Mohanty, Edward Wijaya, Tit-Meng Lim, Qingsong Lin, Chiang-Shiong Loh, and Prakash P Kumar
BMC Plant Biology, 2014, Volume 14, Number 1
K. Kosová, P. Vítámvás, I. Hlaváčková, M. O. Urban, E. Vlasáková, and I. T. Prášil
Biologia Plantarum, 2015, Volume 59, Number 1, Page 106
Cesar L. Cuevas-Velazquez, David F. Rendón-Luna, and Alejandra A. Covarrubias
Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, Volume 5
Moez Hanin, Faïçal Brini, Chantal Ebel, Yosuke Toda, Shin Takeda, and Khaled Masmoudi
Plant Signaling & Behavior, 2011, Volume 6, Number 10, Page 1503
Ewa Marzena Kalemba, Agnieszka Bagniewska-Zadworna, and Ewelina Ratajczak
Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2015, Volume 34, Number 1, Page 137
P.-H. Peng, C.-H. Lin, H.-W. Tsai, and T.-Y. Lin
Plant and Cell Physiology, 2014, Volume 55, Number 9, Page 1623
A. Radwan, M. Hara, M. Kleinwächter, D. Selmar, and E. Flemetakis
Plant Biology, 2014, Volume 16, Number 5, Page 853
Klára Kosová, Pavel Vítámvás, and Ilja T. Prášil
Frontiers in Plant Science, 2014, Volume 5
Xinchao Wang, Xinyuan Hao, Chunlei Ma, Hongli Cao, Chuan Yue, Lu Wang, Jianming Zeng, and Yajun Yang
Tree Genetics & Genomes, 2014, Volume 10, Number 5, Page 1149
Jie Liu, Xiao Xu, Qian Xu, Shuhui Wang, and Jichen Xu
Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC), 2014, Volume 118, Number 3, Page 391
Masakazu Hara, Saki Uchida, Takae Murata, and Hermann Wätzig
European Food Research and Technology, 2014, Volume 239, Number 2, Page 339
Rob C.A. Keller
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2011, Volume 12, Number 12, Page 5577
Bingru Huang, Michelle DaCosta, and Yiwei Jiang
Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, 2014, Volume 33, Number 2-3, Page 141
Eiji Okuma, Rieko Nozawa, Yoshiyuki Murata, and Kenji Miura
Plant Signaling & Behavior, 2014, Volume 9, Number 3, Page e28085
Rafaela Ribeiro Reis, Bárbara Andrade Dias Brito da Cunha, Polyana Kelly Martins, Maria Thereza Bazzo Martins, Jean Carlos Alekcevetch, Antônio Chalfun-Júnior, Alan Carvalho Andrade, Ana Paula Ribeiro, Feng Qin, Junya Mizoi, Kazuko Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, Kazuo Nakashima, Josirley de Fátima Corrêa Carvalho, Carlos Antônio Ferreira de Sousa, Alexandre Lima Nepomuceno, Adilson Kenji Kobayashi, and Hugo Bruno Correa Molinari
Plant Science, 2014, Volume 221-222, Page 59
Bartosz Mieczyslaw Szabala, Sylwia Fudali, and Tadeusz Rorat
Planta, 2014, Volume 239, Number 4, Page 847
Weining Zhu, Linsheng Zhang, Hui Lv, Hongmei Zhang, Dapeng Zhang, Xiaoyu Wang, and Juan Chen
Functional & Integrative Genomics, 2014, Volume 14, Number 1, Page 111
K. Sasaki, N. K. Christov, S. Tsuda, and R. Imai
Plant and Cell Physiology, 2014, Volume 55, Number 1, Page 136
T. D. Kjellsen, I. A. Yakovlev, C. G. Fossdal, and G. R. Strimbeck
Tree Physiology, 2013, Volume 33, Number 12, Page 1354
Nemat M. Hassan, Zeinab M. El-Bastawisy, Ahamed K. El-Sayed, Heba T. Ebeed, and Mamdouh M. Nemat Alla
Journal of Advanced Research, 2015, Volume 6, Number 2, Page 179
Weining Zhu, Dapeng Zhang, Xuanxuan Lu, Linsheng Zhang, Zhengyang Yu, Hui Lv, and Hongmei Zhang
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2014, Volume 32, Number 3, Page 664
Tomohiro Imamura, Atsumi Higuchi, and Hideyuki Takahashi
Plant Science, 2013, Volume 213, Page 55
Quentin Kaas and David J. Craik
Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, 2013, Volume 71, Page 1
Mary E Mason, Jennifer L Koch, Marek Krasowski, and Judy Loo
Proteome Science, 2013, Volume 11, Number 1, Page 2
Il-Sup Kim, Hyun-Young Kim, Young-Saeng Kim, Han-Gu Choi, Sung-Ho Kang, and Ho-Sung Yoon
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2013, Volume 97, Number 20, Page 8997
Francine Lunardi Farias-Soares, Hernán Pablo Burrieza, Neusa Steiner, Sara Maldonado, and Miguel Pedro Guerra
Protoplasma, 2013, Volume 250, Number 4, Page 911
Daixi Li, Baolin Liu, Baisong Guo, Fei Xu, Chunsheng Yang, Chenglung Chen, Yan Zhang, and Zhen Zhai
Molecular Simulation, 2013, Volume 39, Number 2, Page 160
Marie-Pier Dubé, Yves Castonguay, Jean Cloutier, Josée Michaud, and Annick Bertrand
Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2013, Volume 126, Number 3, Page 823
Plant, Cell & Environment, 2013, Volume 36, Number 4, Page 892
Aaron A. Santner, Carrie H. Croy, Farha H. Vasanwala, Vladimir N. Uversky, Ya-Yue J. Van, and A. Keith Dunker
Biochemistry, 2012, Volume 51, Number 37, Page 7250
Pedro Perdiguero, M. Carmen Barbero, M. Teresa Cervera, Álvaro Soto, and Carmen Collada
Planta, 2012, Volume 236, Number 6, Page 1863
Hernán Pablo Burrieza, María Paula López-Fernández, Tatiana Barroso Chiquieri, Vanildo Silveira, and Sara Maldonado
Plant Cell Reports, 2012, Volume 31, Number 12, Page 2139
Verena Isabelle Adolf, Sven-Erik Jacobsen, and Sergey Shabala
Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2013, Volume 92, Page 43
P. M. Barros, N. Goncalves, N. J. M. Saibo, and M. M. Oliveira
Tree Physiology, 2012, Volume 32, Number 9, Page 1113
Shannon K. Dillon, Jeremy T. Brawner, Roger Meder, David J. Lee, and Simon G. Southerton
New Phytologist, 2012, Volume 195, Number 3, Page 596
Carolina Gimiliani Lembke, Milton Yutaka Nishiyama, Paloma Mieko Sato, Rodrigo Fandiño de Andrade, and Glaucia Mendes Souza
Plant Molecular Biology, 2012, Volume 79, Number 4-5, Page 461
Dirk Wartenberg, Martin Vödisch, Olaf Kniemeyer, Daniela Albrecht-Eckardt, Kirstin Scherlach, Robert Winkler, Mirko Weide, and Axel A. Brakhage
Journal of Proteomics, 2012, Volume 75, Number 13, Page 4038
Zujun Yang, Tao Zhang, Guangrong Li, and Eviatar Nevo
Genetica, 2011, Volume 139, Number 11-12, Page 1429
Alexandra M. Livernois, Daniel J. Hnatchuk, Emma E. Findlater, and Steffen P. Graether
Analytical Biochemistry, 2009, Volume 392, Number 1, Page 70
C.-H. Lin, P.-H. Peng, C.-Y. Ko, A. H. Markhart, and T.-Y. Lin
Plant and Cell Physiology, 2012, Volume 53, Number 5, Page 930
V. E. Sofronova, T. Chr. Maximov, N. E. Korotaeva, G. G. Suvorova, M. V. Oskorbina, and G. B. Borovskii
Doklady Biological Sciences, 2012, Volume 443, Number 1, Page 113
Hernán P. Burrieza, Hans-Werner Koyro, Leandro Martínez Tosar, Ken Kobayashi, and Sara Maldonado
Plant and Soil, 2012, Volume 354, Number 1-2, Page 69
K. Kosová, P. Vítámvás, P. Prášilová, and I. T. Prášil
Biologia Plantarum, 2013, Volume 57, Number 1, Page 105
D. Trupiano, M. Rocco, G. Renzone, A. Scaloni, V. Viscosi, D. Chiatante, and G. S. Scippa
Annals of Botany, 2012, Volume 110, Number 2, Page 415
K. Chen and R. Arora
Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2013, Volume 94, Page 33
V. Vassileva, K. Demirevska, L. Simova-Stoilova, T. Petrova, N. Tsenov, and U. Feller
Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 2012, Volume 198, Number 2, Page 104
Joanne Wong Sak Hoi, Rémi Beau, and Jean-Paul Latgé
Fungal Genetics and Biology, 2012, Volume 49, Number 3, Page 210
Trygve D. Kjellsen, Liudmila Shiryaeva, Wolfgang P. Schröder, and G. Richard Strimbeck
Journal of Proteomics, 2010, Volume 73, Number 5, Page 965
A. E. Ochoa-Alfaro, M. Rodríguez-Kessler, M. B. Pérez-Morales, P. Delgado-Sánchez, C. L. Cuevas-Velazquez, G. Gómez-Anduro, and J. F. Jiménez-Bremont
Planta, 2012, Volume 235, Number 3, Page 565
Yves Castonguay, Marie-Pier Dubé, Jean Cloutier, Réal Michaud, Annick Bertrand, and Serge Laberge
Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2012, Volume 124, Number 5, Page 809
Nancy L. Pruitt, Nasheed Moqueet, and Craig A. Shapiro
Cryobiology, 2007, Volume 54, Number 1, Page 125
Chang-Cai Liu, Chun-Ming Li, Bao-Guang Liu, Su-Jie Ge, Xiu-Mei Dong, Wei Li, Hang-Yong Zhu, Bai-Chen Wang, and Chuan-Ping Yang
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2012, Volume 30, Number 4, Page 848
Gang Wang, Qingguo Zhu, Qingwei Meng, and Changai Wu
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2012, Volume 34, Number 1, Page 107
Ewa Marzena Kalemba and Stanisława Pukacka
Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2012, Volume 31, Number 3, Page 351
Lin Cong, Hong-Chun Zheng, Yu-Xiu Zhang, and Tuan-Yao Chai
Plant Science, 2008, Volume 174, Number 2, Page 156
P. Mu, D. Feng, J. Su, Y. Zhang, J. Dai, H. Jin, B. Liu, Y. He, K. Qi, H. Wang, and J. Wang
Journal of Biochemistry, 2011, Volume 150, Number 5, Page 491
Upendra K. Singh Shekhawat, Lingam Srinivas, and Thumballi R. Ganapathi
Planta, 2011, Volume 234, Number 5, Page 915
Masakazu Hara, Yuri Shinoda, Masayuki Kubo, Daiju Kashima, Ikuo Takahashi, Takanari Kato, Tokumasa Horiike, and Toru Kuboi
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2011, Volume 33, Number 6, Page 2103
B. Vornam, O. Gailing, J. Derory, C. Plomion, A. Kremer, and R. Finkeldey
Plant Biology, 2011, Volume 13, Number 6, Page 881
Longxing Hu, Zhaolong Wang, Hongmei Du, and Bingru Huang
Journal of Plant Physiology, 2010, Volume 167, Number 2, Page 103
Jesús Ángel Jiménez, Ana Alonso-Ramírez, and Carlos Nicolás
Journal of Plant Physiology, 2008, Volume 165, Number 17, Page 1798
Constantinos Prassinos, Stamatis Rigas, Dimosthenis Kizis, Antonia Vlahou, and Polydefkis Hatzopoulos
Journal of Proteomics, 2011, Volume 74, Number 5, Page 607
Klára Kosová, Pavel Vítámvás, and Ilja Tom Prášil
Plant Science, 2011, Volume 180, Number 1, Page 46
Xin Xing, Yukun Liu, Xiangpei Kong, Yang Liu, and Dequan Li
Plant Growth Regulation, 2011, Volume 65, Number 1, Page 109
Bianka Szalainé Ágoston, Dénes Kovács, Péter Tompa, and András Perczel
Biomolecular NMR Assignments, 2011, Volume 5, Number 2, Page 189
Ewa M. Kalemba and Stanisława Pukacka
Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2008, Volume 63, Number 1-3, Page 274
K. Vijayan, P.P. Srivastava, M.K. Raghunath, and B. Saratchandra
Scientia Horticulturae, 2011, Volume 129, Number 4, Page 511
Michaela Hundertmark, Julia Buitink, Olivier Leprince, and Dirk K. Hincha
Seed Science Research, 2011, Volume 21, Number 03, Page 165
Sylvain Legay, Isabelle Lefèvre, Didier Lamoureux, Carolina Barreda, Rosalina Tincopa Luz, Raymundo Gutierrez, Roberto Quiroz, Lucien Hoffmann, Jean-François Hausman, Merideth Bonierbale, Danièle Evers, and Roland Schafleitner
Functional & Integrative Genomics, 2011, Volume 11, Number 2, Page 275
K. Mochida, Y. Uehara-Yamaguchi, T. Yoshida, T. Sakurai, and K. Shinozaki
Plant and Cell Physiology, 2011, Volume 52, Number 5, Page 785
Tiago S. Balbuena, Joaquín J. Salas, Enrique Martínez-Force, Rafael Garcés, and Jay J. Thelen
Journal of Proteome Research, 2011, Volume 10, Number 5, Page 2330
F. Brini, A. Yamamoto, L. Jlaiel, S. Takeda, T. Hobo, H. Q. Dinh, T. Hattori, K. Masmoudi, and M. Hanin
Plant and Cell Physiology, 2011, Volume 52, Number 4, Page 676
N. A. Gumilevskaya and M. I. Azarkovich
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2010, Volume 57, Number 6, Page 859
Jun-Bo Du, Shu Yuan, Yang-Er Chen, Xin Sun, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Fei Xu, Ming Yuan, Jing Shang, and Hong-Hui Lin
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2011, Volume 33, Number 2, Page 567
Paolo Baldi, Luca Pedron, Ari M. Hietala, and Nicola La Porta
Tree Genetics & Genomes, 2011, Volume 7, Number 1, Page 79
Sarah Morran, Omid Eini, Tatiana Pyvovarenko, Boris Parent, Rohan Singh, Ainur Ismagul, Serik Eliby, Neil Shirley, Peter Langridge, and Sergiy Lopato
Plant Biotechnology Journal, 2011, Volume 9, Number 2, Page 230
Stephanie Hughes and Steffen P. Graether
Protein Science, 2011, Volume 20, Number 1, Page 42
A. S. Romanenko, G. B. Borovskii, I. V. Ukolova, and L. A. Lomovatskaya
Biochemistry (Moscow) Supplement Series A: Membrane and Cell Biology, 2010, Volume 4, Number 2, Page 162
Flora AbdulRahman Ismail, Lisette M. C. Nitsch, Mieke M. C. Wolters-Arts, Celestina Mariani, and Jan W. M. Derksen
Sexual Plant Reproduction, 2010, Volume 23, Number 2, Page 95
Eun-Sook Chung, Chang-Woo Cho, Kyoung-Mi Kim, and Jai-Heon Lee
Journal of Plant Biotechnology, 2009, Volume 36, Number 1, Page 38
Leila Heidarvand and Reza Maali Amiri
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2010, Volume 32, Number 3, Page 419
Wilfried Rémus-Borel, Yves Castonguay, Jean Cloutier, Réal Michaud, Annick Bertrand, Réjean Desgagnés, and Serge Laberge
Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2010, Volume 120, Number 6, Page 1163
Sylvain Legay, Didier Lamoureux, Jean-François Hausman, Lucien Hoffmann, and Danièle Evers
Plant Cell Reports, 2009, Volume 28, Number 12, Page 1799
Emma E. Findlater and Steffen P. Graether
Biomolecular NMR Assignments, 2009, Volume 3, Number 2, Page 273
Dominique Mingeot, Nicolas Dauchot, Pierre Van Cutsem, and Bernard Watillon
Molecular Biology Reports, 2009, Volume 36, Number 7, Page 1995
Vanda Šunderlíková, Ján Salaj, Dieter Kopecky, Terézia Salaj, Eva Wilhem, and Ildikó Matušíková
Plant Cell Reports, 2009, Volume 28, Number 7, Page 1011
Plant, Cell & Environment, 2009, Volume 32, Number 5, Page 532
G. Jyothsnakumari, M. Thippeswamy, G. Veeranagamallaiah, and C. Sudhakar
Biologia Plantarum, 2009, Volume 53, Number 1, Page 145
Ewa M. Kalemba, Franciszek Janowiak, and Stanisława Pukacka
Trees, 2009, Volume 23, Number 2, Page 305
Jin Xu, Yu Xiu Zhang, Wei Wei, Lu Han, Zi Qiu Guan, Zi Wang, and Tuan Yao Chai
Molecular Biotechnology, 2008, Volume 38, Number 2, Page 91
Paramjit Khurana, Dalia Vishnudasan, and Anju K. Chhibbar
Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 2008, Volume 14, Number 4, Page 277
A. Zamboni, L. Minoia, A. Ferrarini, G. B. Tornielli, E. Zago, M. Delledonne, and M. Pezzotti
Journal of Experimental Botany, 2008, Volume 59, Number 15, Page 4145
Witold Wachowiak, Peter A. Balk, and Outi Savolainen
Tree Genetics & Genomes, 2009, Volume 5, Number 1, Page 117
Ragnhild Lyngved, Jenny Renaut, Jean-François Hausman, Tor-Henning Iversen, and Anne Kathrine Hvoslef-Eide
Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2008, Volume 27, Number 4, Page 353
Xin Huang, Tongtong Xue, Silan Dai, Shupeng Gai, Chengchao Zheng, and Guosheng Zheng
Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 2008, Volume 30, Number 6, Page 797
P. Carjuzaa, M. Castellión, A. J. Distéfano, M. del Vas, and S. Maldonado
Protoplasma, 2008, Volume 233, Number 1-2, Page 149
Igor A. Yakovlev, Daniel K. A. Asante, Carl Gunnar Fossdal, Jouni Partanen, Olavi Junttila, and Øystein Johnsen
Planta, 2008, Volume 228, Number 3, Page 459
S C González-Martínez, D Huber, E Ersoz, J M Davis, and D B Neale
Heredity, 2008, Volume 101, Number 1, Page 19
Xiaoqiu Du, Qiying Xiao, Ran Zhao, Feng Wu, Qijiang Xu, Kang Chong, and Zheng Meng
Development Genes and Evolution, 2008, Volume 218, Number 6, Page 281
Jin Xu, Yuxiu Zhang, Ziqiu Guan, Wei Wei, Lu Han, and Tuanyao Chai
Molecular Breeding, 2008, Volume 21, Number 4, Page 431
Roland Schafleitner, Raymundo Gutierrez, Ricardo Espino, Amelie Gaudin, José Pérez, Mariano Martínez, Alejandro Domínguez, Luz Tincopa, Carlos Alvarado, Giannina Numberto, and Merideth Bonierbale
Potato Research, 2007, Volume 50, Number 1, Page 71

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