Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Cognitive Linguistics

Editor-in-Chief: Divjak, Dagmar


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 1.902
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 2.297

CiteScore 2018: 2.09

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 1.075
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 2.063

Online
ISSN
1613-3641
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 26, Issue 4

Issues

The expression of non-actual motion in Swedish, French and Thai

Johan Blomberg
  • Corresponding author
  • Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University, Sweden & Institut für Sprache und Kommunikation, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-10-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cog-2015-0025

Abstract

Dynamic descriptions of static spatial situations, such as the road goes through the forest have attracted a lot of attention across different semantic theories. Analyses in terms of fictive motion and subjective motion have proposed that such expressions are strongly motivated by universal cognitive and conceptual factors. I present theoretical arguments for the conflation of several different motivations in the literature. Instead of a single general motivation, three distinct experiential motivations are presented under the term non-actual motion. These experiential motivations are used to design an elicitation tool for investigating non-actual motion cross-linguistically. Elicited descriptions from speakers of Swedish, French and Thai suggest that such descriptions are conventionalized in all three languages, which supports the universal character of non-actual motion across languages. However, in expressing non-actual motion, the language-specific resources for expressing actual motion are used.

Keywords: non-actual motion; fictive motion; subjective motion; motion semantics; semantic typology

References

  • Amagawa, Toyoko. 1997. Subjective motion in English and Japanese: A case study of run and hashiru. Tsukuba English studies 16. 33–50.Google Scholar

  • Beavers, John, Beth Levin & Shiao Wei Tham. 2010. The typology of motion expressions revisited. Journal of Linguistics 46. 331–377.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bergen, Benjamin. 2007. Experimental methods for simulation semantics. In Monika Gonzalez-Marquez, Irene Mittleberg, Seana Coulson & Michael J. Spivey (eds.), Methods in cognitive linguistics, 277–301. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Blomberg, Johan. 2014. Motion in language and experience – Actual and non-actual motion in Swedish, French and Thai. PhD Thesis. Lund University.

  • Blomberg, Johan & Jordan Zlatev. 2014. Actual and non-actual motion: Why experientialist semantics needs phenomenology (and vice versa). Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13(3). 395–418.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bohnemeyer, Jürgen, Nicholas J. Enfield, James Essegbey, Iraide Ibarretxe-Antuñano, Sotaru Kita, Friederike Lüpke & Felix Ameka. 2007. Principles of event segmentation in language: The case of motion events. Language 83(3). 495–532.Google Scholar

  • Brandt, Line. 2009. Subjectivity in the act of representing: The case for subjective motion and change. Phenomenology and the cognitive sciences 8(4). 573–601.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Croft, William, Johanna Barðdal, Willem Hollmann, Violeta Sotirova & Chiaki Taoka. 2010. Revising Talmy’s typological classification of complex events. In Hans C. Boas (eds.), Contrastive construction grammar, 201–235. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar

  • Fillmore, C. J. 1997. Lectures on deixis. Stanford: CLSI Publications.Google Scholar

  • Gibson, James J. 1977. The theory of affordances. In Robert Shaw & John Bransford (eds.), Perceiving, acting, and knowing, 127–143. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons Inc.Google Scholar

  • Gibson, James J. 1979. The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar

  • Greenberg, Joseph. 1963. Universals of language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Langacker, Ronald. W. 1987. Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 1: Theoretical prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Langacker, Ronald. W. 1990. Concept, image, and symbol: The cognitive basis of grammar. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Langacker, Ronald. W. 1999. Virtual reality. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 29(2). 77–103.Google Scholar

  • Langacker, Ronald. W. 2001. Dynamicity in grammar. Axiomathes 12. 7–33.Google Scholar

  • Langacker, Ronald. W. 2006. Subjectification, grammaticization, and conceptual archetypes. In Angeliki Athanasiadou, Costas Canakis & Bert Cornille (eds.), Subjectification: Various paths to subjectivity, 17–41. The Hague: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Levelt, Willem J. M. 1996. Perspective taking and ellipsis in spatial description. In Paul Bloom, Mary A. Peterson, Lynn Nadel & Merrill F. Garrett (eds.), Language and space, 77–108. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Levinson, Steven. C. 2003. Space in language and cognition: Explorations in cognitive diversity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Levinson, Steven. C. & David P. Wilkins. 2006. Grammars of space: Explorations in cognitive diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Matlock, Teenie. 2004a. Fictive motion as cognitive simulation. Memory & Cognition 32(8). 1389–1400.Google Scholar

  • Matlock, Teenie. 2004b. The conceptual motivation of fictive motion. In Günter Radden & Klaus-Uwe Panther (eds.), Studies in linguistic motivation, 221–248. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Matlock, Teenie. 2010. Abstract motion is no longer abstract. Language & Cognition 2(2). 243–260.Google Scholar

  • Matsumoto, Yo. 1996. Subjective motion in English and Japanese. Cognitive Linguistics 7(2). 183–226.Google Scholar

  • Pecher, Diane & Rolf A. Zwaan. 2005. Introduction to Grounding cognition: The role of perception and action in memory, language, and thinking. In Diane Pecher & Rolf A. Zwaan (eds.), Grounding cognition: The role of perception and action in memory, language, and thinking, 1–8. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Piaget, Jean & Bärbel Inhelder. 1956. The child’s conception of space. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Richardson, Daniel & Teenie Matlock. 2007. The integration of figurative language and static depictions: An eye movement study of fictive motion. Cognition 102(1). 129–138.Google Scholar

  • Rojo, Ana & Javier Valenzuela. 2004. Fictive motion in English and Spanish. International Journal of English Studies 3(2). 123–149.Google Scholar

  • Rojo, Ana & Javier Valenzuela. 2009. Fictive motion in Spanish: Travellable, non-travellable and path-related manner information. In Javier Valenzuela, Ana Rojo & Cristina Soriano (eds.), Trends in cognitive linguistics: Theoretical and applied models, 221–239. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar

  • Slobin, Dan. I. 2004. The many ways to search for a frog: linguistic typology and the expression of motion events. In Sven Strömqvist & Ludo Verhoeven (eds.), Relating events in narrative: Typological and contextual perspectives, 219–257. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar

  • Slobin, Dan I., Iraide Ibarretxe-Antuñano, Anetta Kopecka & Asifa Majid. 2014. Manners of human gait: A cross-linguistic event-naming study. Cognitive Linguistics 25(4). 701–742.Google Scholar

  • Stosic, Dejan & Laure Sarda. 2009. The many ways to be located: The expression of fictive motion in French and Serbian. In Marija Brala Vukanović & Lovorka Gruić Grmuŝa (eds.), Space and time in language and literature, 39–60. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar

  • Talmy, Leonard. 1983. How language structures space. In Herbert L. Pick Jr. & Linda P. Acredolo (eds.), Spatial orientation: Theory, research, and application, 225–282. New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar

  • Talmy, Leonard. 2000a. Toward a cognitive semantics, Vol. 1. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Talmy, Leonard. 2000b. Toward a cognitive semantics, Vol. 2. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar

  • Zlatev, Jordan. 1997. Situated embodiment: Studies in the emergence of spatial meaning. Stockholm: Gotab.Google Scholar

  • Zlatev, Jordan. 2003. Holistic spatial semantics of Thai. In Eugene H. Casad & Gary B. Palmer (eds.), Cognitive linguistics and Non-Indo-European languages, 305–336. Berlin & New York: Mouton De Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Zlatev, Jordan. 2007. Spatial semantics. In Dirk Geeraerts & Herbert Cuyckens (eds.), The Oxford handbook of cognitive linguistics, 318–350. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Zlatev, Jordan & Peerapat Yangklang. 2004. A third way of travel: The place of Thai in motion-event typology. In Sven Strömqvist & Ludo Verhoeven (eds.), Relating events in narrative: Typological & contextual perspectives, 159–190. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-03-09

Revised: 2015-07-31

Accepted: 2015-08-19

Published Online: 2015-10-16

Published in Print: 2015-11-01


Citation Information: Cognitive Linguistics, Volume 26, Issue 4, Pages 657–696, ISSN (Online) 1613-3641, ISSN (Print) 0936-5907, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cog-2015-0025.

Export Citation

©2015 by De Gruyter Mouton.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Johan Blomberg and Jordan Zlatev
Cognitive Processing, 2015, Volume 16, Number S1, Page 153
[2]
Jordan Zlatev and Johan Blomberg
Nordic Journal of Linguistics, 2016, Volume 39, Number 2, Page 185

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in