Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …


The European Journal of Communication Research

Ed. by Averbeck-Lietz, Stefanie / d'Haenens, Leen

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.707
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.151

CiteScore 2018: 0.86

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.460
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.580

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print


Exploring film genre preferences through taste cultures: A survey on contemporary film consumption amongst youth in Flanders (Belgium)

Aleit Veenstra / Philippe Meers / Daniël Biltereyst
Published Online: 2019-06-05 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/commun-2019-2032


This article explores contemporary film genre preferences through an in-depth sociological analysis of taste cultures in film preferences amongst youth aged 16–18 in Flanders (the northern Dutch-speaking part of Belgium). Building on a representative sample of 1015 respondents we statistically analyze the assumption that contemporary media audiences demonstrate mobility and that they are eager to shape their media consumption in accordance with their personal preferences. This article examines whether societal structures that have been found to reflect media preferences remain in place, or whether these structures have eroded with the (supposed) increase in individual choice – an argument often voiced in the context of convergence culture. An analysis of the variables gender, educational level and ethnicity illustrates that societal structures are still reflected through film genre preferences amongst Flemish youth.

Keywords: audiences; taste cultures; film genre; youth


  • Altman, R. (1984). A semantic/syntactic approach to film genre. Cinema Journal, 23(3), 6–18.Google Scholar

  • Bennett, A., & Robards, B. (2014). Introduction: Youth, cultural practice and media technologies. In A. Bennett & B. Robards (Eds.), Mediated youth cultures: The internet, belonging and new cultural configurations (pp. 1–7). Hampshire, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar

  • Biltereyst, D., & Meers, P. (2011). The political economy of audiences. In J. Wasko, G. Murdock & H. Sousa (Eds.), The handbook of political economy of communications (pp. 415–435).Google Scholar

  • Bird, S. E. (2011). Are we all produsers now? Convergence and media audience practices. Cultural Studies, 25(4–5), 502–516. doi:10.1080/09502386.2011.600532Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Bourdieu, P. (2009 [1979]). Distinction: A social critique of the judgment of taste. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Bryson, B. (1996). ʻAnything but heavy metalʼ: Symbolic exclusion and musical dislikes. American Sociological Review, 884–899.Google Scholar

  • Butsch, R. (2001). Class and audience effects: A history of research on movies, radio, and television. Journal of Popular Film and Television, 29(3), 112–120.Google Scholar

  • Chan, T. W., & Goldthorpe, J. H. (2005). The social stratification of theatre, dance and cinema attendance. Cultural Trends, 14(3), 193–212.Google Scholar

  • Couldry, N. (2011). More sociology, more culture, more politics. Or, a modest proposal for ʻconvergenceʼ studies. Cultural Studies, 25(4–5), 487–501. doi:10.1080/09502386.2011.600528Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Couldry, N. (2012). Media, society, world: Social theory and digital media practice. Cambridge, Malden: Polity.Google Scholar

  • Cui, D. (2015). Capital, distinction, and racialized habitus: Immigrant youth in the educational field. Journal of Youth Studies, ahead-of-print, 1–16.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Daenekindt, S., & Roose, H. (2013). A mise-en-scène of the shattered habitus: The effect of social mobility on aesthetic dispositions towards films. European Sociological Review, 29(1), 48–59.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Dhoest, A. (2012). Imagined communities of television viewers: Reception research on national and ethnic miority audiences. In H. Bilandzic, G. Patriarche & P. J. Traudt (Eds.), The social use of media: Cultural and social scientific perspectives on audience research (pp. 87–104). Bristol, Chicago: Intellect.Google Scholar

  • Dhoest, A. (2015). Connections that matter: The relative importance of ethnic-cultural origin, age and generation in media uses among diasporic youth in Belgium. Journal of Children and Media, 9(3), 277–293.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Fischoff, S., Antonio, J., & Lewis, D. (1998). Favorite films and film genres as a function of race, age, and gender. Journal of Media Psychology, 3(1), 1–9.Google Scholar

  • Gripsrud, J. (2002). Distinctions: Social difference, lifestyle and taste. In J. Gripsrud (Ed.), Understanding media culture (pp. 60–98). London: Hodder Education.Google Scholar

  • Hall, S. (2002). Tall revenue features: The Genealogy of the Modern Blockbuster. In S. Neale (Ed.), Genre and contemporary Hollywood (pp. 11–26). London: British Film Institute.Google Scholar

  • Jancovich, M. (2000). ʻA real shockerʼ: Authenticity, genre and the struggle for distinction. Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, 14(1), 23–35.Google Scholar

  • Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence culture: Where old and new media collide. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar

  • Krijnen, T., & Van Bauwel, S. (2015). Gender and Media: Representing, Producing, Consuming. Abingdon: Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Kuipers, G. (2006). Television and taste hierarchy: The case of Dutch television comedy. Media, Culture & Society, 28(3), 359–378. doi:10.1177/0163443706062884Google Scholar

  • Lassner, R. (1944). Sex and age determinants of theatre and movie interests. The Journal of General Psychology, 31(2), 241–271.Google Scholar

  • Maltby, R. (1999). Sticks, hicks and flaps: Classical Hollywoodʼs generic conception of its audiences. In R. Maltby & M. Stokes (Eds.), Identifying Hollywoodʼs audiences: Cultural identity and the movies (pp. 23–41). London: British Film Institute Publishing.Google Scholar

  • McRobbie, A. (2008). Young women and consumer culture. Cultural Studies, 22(5), 531–550. doi:10.1080/09502380802245803Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Meers, P. (2004). ʻItʼs the language of film!ʼ: Young film audiences on Hollywood and Europe. In R. Maltby & M. Stokes (Eds.), Hollywood abroad: Audiences and cultural exchange (pp. 158–175). London British Film Institute Publishing.Google Scholar

  • Peterson, R. A. (1992). Understanding audience segmentation: From elite and mass to omnivore and univore. Poetics, 21(4), 243–258.Google Scholar

  • Peterson, R. A. (2005). Problems in comparative research: The example of omnivorousness. Poetics, 33(5), 257–282.Google Scholar

  • Staiger, J. (2005). Media reception studies. New York, London: NYU Press.Google Scholar

  • Van Eijck, K. (2000). Richard A. Peterson and the culture of consumption. Poetics, 28(2), 207–224.Google Scholar

  • Vandevelde, I., Smets, K., Meers, P., Vande Winkel, R., & Van Bauwel, S. (2011). Bollywood and Turkish films in Antwerp (Belgium): Two case studies on diasporic distribution and exhibition. Javnost – the Public, 18(3), 55–70.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Warde, A., Wright, D., & Gayo-Cal, M. (2007). Understanding cultural omnivorousness: Or, the myth of the cultural omnivore. Cultural Sociology, 1(2), 143–164.Google Scholar

  • Willekens, M., Daenekindt, S., & Lievens, J. (2014). Whose education matters more? Mothers’ and fathers’ education and the cultural participation of adolescents. Cultural Sociology, 291–309. doi:10.1177/1749975514533686Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2019-06-05

Citation Information: Communications, ISSN (Online) 1613-4087, ISSN (Print) 0341-2059, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/commun-2019-2032.

Export Citation

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in