Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

Chemical and Process Engineering

The Journal of Committee of Chemical and Process of Polish Academy of Sciences

4 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2015: 0.500
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.543

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.254
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.358
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 0.519

Open Access
See all formats and pricing

Thermal Regeneration of Mineral Sorbent Using Burner Unit

Robert Sekret
  • Czestochowa University of Technology, Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Biotechnology, 69 Dabrowski St., 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland
  • :
/ Jan Koldej
  • Central School of the State Fire Service, 62 Sabinowska St., 42-200 Czestochowa, Poland
Published Online: 2013-07-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/cpe-2013-0016

This article presents the results of scientific investigations on the thermal regeneration process of a sorbent of mineral origin sorbent using a retort burner. Diesel oil, a petroleum liquid, most often pervades the environment during different catastrophes. The investigated sorbent of mineral origin was used in the standard way that the Fire Service removes such petroleum liquids from the environment during disasters. For research purposes, a regeneration chamber with a retort burner was constructed. The first phase of the investigation was aimed at defining the physico-chemical features of the sorbent after subsequent cycles of the regeneration process. The second phase involved an analysis of the energy and ecological effects of the regeneration process. The results showed that the first three cycles of the regeneration process occurred under low emission conditions. The proposed regeneration method achieved a positive energetic effect with a functional heat stream with an average value of 12.4 kW (average efficiency of the regeneration chamber was 68 %). The method is very efficient, with regeneration rates between 7.2 kg/h and 8.4 kg/h. It requires only a short amount of time for the start-up and extinction of the regeneration chamber, and it is also flexible to changes in the process conditions.

Keywords : thermal regeneration; mineral origin sorbents; retort burner; removal of harmful substances; utilisation of sorbents

  • Bhatnagar A., Jain A.K., 2005. A comparative adsorption study with different industrial wastes as adsorbents for the removal of cationic dyes from water. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 281, 49-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2004.08.076. [Crossref]

  • Buczek B., 2011. Nanostructural materials for energy storage system. Int. J. Photoenergy, 2011, Article ID 340540. DOI: 10.1155/2011/340540. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Chang K.S., Wang H.C., Chung T.W., 2004. Effect of regeneration conditions on the adsorption dehumidification process in packed silica gel beds. Appl. Thermal Eng., 24, 735-742. DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2003.11.003. [Crossref]

  • Conti-Ramsden M.G., Brown N., Roberts W.E.P.L., 2012. The combination of adsorbent slurry sorption with adsorbent electrochemical regeneration for VOC removal. Chem. Eng. J., 198-199, 130-137. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2012.05.054. [Web of Science] [Crossref]

  • Drage C., Smith K.M., C Pevida., Arenillas A., Snape C.E., 2009. Development of adsorbent technologies for post-combustion CO2 capture. Energy Procedia, 1, 881-884. DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2009.01.117. [Crossref]

  • Irvine G., Lamont E.R., Antizar-Ladislao B., 2010. Energy from waste: reuse of compost heat as a source of renewable energy. Int. J. Chem. Eng., 2010, Article ID 627930. DOI: 10.1155/2010/627930. [Crossref]

  • Karthikeyan S., Sivakumar B., Sivakumar N., 2010. Film and pore diffusion modeling for adsorption of reactive Red 2 from aqueous solution on to activated carbon prepared from bio-diesel industrial waste. E-Journal ofChemistry, 7, S1, S175-S184. DOI: 10.1155/2010/138684.

  • Kubota M., Hanada T., Yabe S., Matsuda H., 2013. Regeneration characteristics of desiccant rotor with microwave and hot-air heating. Appl. Thermal Eng., 50, 1576-1581. DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.11.044. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Maheswari P., Venilamani N., Madhavakrishnan S., Syed Shabudeen P.S., Venckatesh R., Pattabhi S., 2008. Utilization of sago waste as an adsorbent for the removal of Cu(II) ion from aqueous solution. E-Journal ofChemistry, 5, 233-242. DOI: 10.1155/2008/376839. [Crossref]

  • Nduka J.K., 2012. Application of chemically modified and unmodified waste biological sorbents in treatment of wastewater. Int. J. Chem. Eng., 2012, Article ID 751240. DOI: 10.1155/2012/751240. [Crossref]

  • Qu G. Z, Li J., Wu Y., Li G.F., Li D., 2009. Regeneration of acid orange 7-exhausted granular activated carbon with dielectric barrier discharge plasma. Chem. Eng. J., 146, 168-173. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2008.07.007. [Crossref] [Web of Science]

  • Salvador F., Jiménez C.S., 1996. A new method for regenerating activated carbon by thermal desorption with liquid water under subcritical conditions. Carbon, 34, 511-516. DOI: 10.1016/0008-6223(95)00211-1. [Crossref]

Published Online: 2013-07-09

Published in Print: 2013-06-01

Citation Information: Chemical and Process Engineering. Volume 34, Issue 2, Pages 191–201, ISSN (Print) 0208-6425, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/cpe-2013-0016, July 2013

This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Martins O. Omorogie, Jonathan O. Babalola, and Emmanuel I. Unuabonah
Desalination and Water Treatment, 2014, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.