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Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik

Managing Editor: Weissauer, Rainer

Ed. by Colding, Tobias / Cuntz, Joachim / Huybrechts, Daniel / Hwang, Jun-Muk

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Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity bound for smooth threefolds in ℙ5 and extremal examples

Citation Information: Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik (Crelles Journal). Volume 1999, Issue 509, Pages 21–34, ISSN (Online) 1435-5345, ISSN (Print) 0075-4102, DOI: 10.1515/crll.1999.509.21, June 2008

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Let X be a nondegenerate integral subscheme of dimension n and degree d in ℙN defined over the complex number field ℂ. X is said to be k-regular if Hi(ℙN, ℐX (k – i)) = 0 for all i ≧ 1, where ℐX is the sheaf of ideals of ℐN and Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity reg(X) of X is defined as the least such k. There is a well-known conjecture concerning k-regularity: reg(X) ≦ deg(X) – codim(X) + 1. This regularity conjecture including the classification of borderline examples was verified for integral curves (Castelnuovo, Gruson, Lazarsfeld and Peskine), and an optimal bound was also obtained for smooth surfaces (Pinkham, Lazarsfeld). It will be shown here that reg(X) ≦ deg(X) – 1 for smooth threefolds X in ℙ5 and that the only extremal cases are the rational cubic scroll and the complete intersection of two quadrics. Furthermore, every smooth threefold X in ℙ5 is k-normal for all k ≧ deg(X) – 4, which is the optimal bound as the Palatini 3-fold of degree 7 shows. The same bound also holds for smooth regular surfaces in ℙ4 other than for the Veronese surface.

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