Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Catalysis for Sustainable Energy

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2084-6819
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Dimerization of 1-butene in liquid phase over H-NK-MM-BEA type embedded mesoporous materials

N. Kumar
  • Process Chemistry Centre, Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Turku/Åbo
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ P. Mäki-Arvela
  • Process Chemistry Centre, Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Turku/Åbo
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ S. Fugleberg
  • Process Chemistry Centre, Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Turku/Åbo
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ T. Yläsalmi
  • Process Chemistry Centre, Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Turku/Åbo
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ J. Villegas
  • Process Chemistry Centre, Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Turku/Åbo
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ T. Heikkilä / A.-R. Leino
  • Laboratory of Microelectronics and Materials Physics, University of Oulu, PL 4500, FI-90014 Oulu
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ K. Kordás
  • Laboratory of Microelectronics and Materials Physics, University of Oulu, PL 4500, FI-90014 Oulu
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ M. Tiitta / H. Österholm / T. Salmi
  • Process Chemistry Centre, Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Turku/Åbo
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ D. Murzin
  • Process Chemistry Centre, Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry and Reaction Engineering, Åbo Akademi University, FI-20500 Turku/Åbo
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-07-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/cse-2012-0001

Abstract

Dimerization of 1-butene in the liquid phase was studied at relatively mild conditions, 523 K under 20 bar over both microporous and embedded microporous mesoporous catalysts. Embedded catalysts were prepared by introducing Beta zeolite nuclei into the gel synthesis of mesoporous material. Three different embedded catalysts with different acidities were prepared and characterized by XRD, nitrogen adsorption, TEM, SEM, pyridine adsorption desorption and ammonia TPD. The embedded materials were shown to be thermally stable up to 1173 K, containing both micro- and mesopores and uniform pores with regular periodicity. According to ammonia TPD the acidity increased with increasing aluminium content. Due to the relatively low reaction temperature, the highest yields of C8 hydrocarbons, 33 mol% at the conversion level of 81% were achieved over an embedded micro-mesoporous catalyst containing Beta zeolite inside the mesoporous and totally 2.4 wt.% aluminium.

Keywords: 1-butene; Dimerization; Microporous mesoporous catalyst

  • P. Mäki-Arvela, T. Salmi, B. Holmbom, S. Willför, D. Yu. Murzin, D. Yu., Chem. Rev.111, 5638, 2011.Google Scholar

  • S. Larsson, E. Palmqvist, B. Hahn-Hagerdal, C. Tengborg, K. Stenberg, G. Zacchi, N.-O. Nilvebrant, Enz. Microbiol. Technol. 24 (3-4)151, 1999.Google Scholar

  • J. I. Di Cosimo, V. K. Diez, M. Xu, E. Iglesia, C. R. Apesguia, J. Catal. 178, 499, 1998.Google Scholar

  • Y.-S. Hsu, Y.-L. Wang, A.-N. Ko, J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 56 (2), 32, 2009.Google Scholar

  • F. J. Tzompantzi, M. E. Manriquez, J. M. Padilla, G. Angel Del, R. Gomez, A. Mantilla, Catal. Today, 133-135, 154, 2008.Google Scholar

  • C. T. O'Connor, M. Kojima, M, Catal.- Today, 6, 329, 1990.Google Scholar

  • M. Van Oorshcot, M. J. Makee, J. C. Janssen, W. J. Mortier, US Patent 6008426, 1999.Google Scholar

  • M. Henry, B. Bulut, W. Vermandel, B. Sels, P. Jacobs, D. Minoux, N. Nesteranko, S. Van Donk, J. P. Dath, Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 413-414, 62, 2012.Google Scholar

  • J. I. Villegas, N. Kumar, T. Heikkilä, V.-P. Lehto, T. Salmi; D. Yu. Murzin, Topics Catal., 45, 187, 2007.Google Scholar

  • G. G. Podrebarac, F. T. T. Ng, G. L. Rempel, Appl. Catal. A: Gen., 147, 159, 1996.Google Scholar

  • D. Kiessling, K. Hagenau, G. Wendt, A. Barth, R. Schoeliner, React. Kin. Catal. Lett., 39, 89, 1989.Google Scholar

  • N. Kumar, P. Mäki-Arvela, T. Yläsalmi, T. Heikkilä, T. Salmi, D. Yu. Murzin, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 147, 127, 2012.Google Scholar

  • A. Matsumoto, H. Chen, K. Tsutsumi, M. Grun, K. Unger, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 32, 55, 1999.Google Scholar

  • P. Rao Madhusudhan, M. V. Landau, A. Wolfson, A. M. Shapira-Tchelet, M. Herskowitz, Micropor. Mesop. Mater., 80, 43, 2005.Google Scholar

  • W. Hua, Y. Yue, Z. Gao, J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 170, 195, 2001.Google Scholar

  • R. Chal, C. Gérardin, M. Bulut, S. van Donk, ChemCatChem, 3, 67, 2011.Google Scholar

  • N. Kumar, M. Tiitta, T. Salmi, H. Österholm, WO 2006/070073 A1, 2006.Google Scholar

  • C. T. Kresge, M. E., Leonowicz, W. J. Roth, K. D. Schmitt, J. C.; Vartuli, US patent 5198203, 1993.Google Scholar

  • W. Huang, B. Liu, F. Sun, Z. Zhang, X. Bao, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 94, 254, 2006.Google Scholar

  • C. Zhang, Q. Liu, Z. Xu, K. Wan, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 62, 157, 2003.Google Scholar

  • W. Guo, C. Xiong, L. Huang, Q. Li, J. Mater. Chem., 11 (2001) 1886.Google Scholar

  • K. R. Kloetstra, H. W. Zandbergen, J. C. Jansen, H. van Bekkum, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 6, 287, 1996.Google Scholar

  • K. R. Kloetstra, J. C. Jansen, H. Van Bekkum, Prepr. Am. Chem. Soc. Div. Pet Chem., 41, 412, 1996.Google Scholar

  • S. Tanaka, C. Yuan, Y. Miyake, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater., 113, 418, 2008.Google Scholar

  • K. R. Kloetstra, H. Van Bekkum, J. C. Jansen, Chem. Comm. 2281, 1997.Google Scholar

  • A. Karlsson, M. Stöcker, R. Schmid, Micropor. Mesopo. Mater., 27, 181, 1999.Google Scholar

  • G. Zhu, S. Qiu, F. Gao, D. Li, R. Wang, B. Gao, B. Li, Y. Guo, R. Xu, Z. Liu, O. Terasaki, J. Mat. Chem., 11, 1687, 2001.Google Scholar

  • K. R. Kloetstra, H. van Bekkum, J. C. Jansen, Chem. Comm., 2281, 1997.Google Scholar

  • H. Österholm, N. Kumar, M. Lindblad, M. Tiitta, T. Salmi, D. Murzin, Micropor. Mesop. Mat., 154, 124, 2012.Google Scholar

  • R. L. Wadlinger, G. T., Kerr, E. J. Rosinski, US patent 3 308 069 (1975), Mobil Oil Corporation.Google Scholar

  • J. S. Beck, J. C. Vartuli, W. J. Roth, M. E. Leonowicz, C. T. Kresge, K. D. Schmitt, C. T. W. Chu, D. H. Olson, E. W. Sheppard, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 114, 10834, 1992.Google Scholar

  • C. A. Emeis, J. Catal., 141, 347, 1993.Google Scholar

  • M. B. Ewing, J. C. Sanchex Ochoa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 50, 1543, 2005.Google Scholar

  • S. Wold, Pattern Recog. 8, 127, 1976.Google Scholar

  • J. I. Villegas, D. Kubička, S. P. Reinikainen, G. Addová, R. Kubinec, T. Salmi, D. Yu. Murzin, Talanta, 72, 1573, 2007.Google Scholar

  • HCS Chemistry Ver. 4.0 for Windows. OutokumpuGoogle Scholar

About the article


Received: 2012-04-21

Accepted: 2012-05-14

Published Online: 2012-07-10


Citation Information: Catalysis for Sustainable Energy, Volume 1, Pages 1–10, ISSN (Online) 2084-6819, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/cse-2012-0001.

Export Citation

©2012 Versita Sp. z o.o.. This content is open access.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in