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Catalysis for Sustainable Energy

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Mechanochemically synthesized LiAlOx catalyst for aqueous aldol condensation of furfural with acetone

L. N. Stepanova
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute of Hydrocarbons Processing, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Neftezavodskaya st., 54, 644040 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Mira ave., 55a, 644077 Omsk, Russian Federation
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ R. M. Mironenko
  • Institute of Hydrocarbons Processing, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Neftezavodskaya st., 54, 644040 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Dostoevsky Omsk State University, Mira ave., 55a, 644077 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ O. B. Belskaya
  • Institute of Hydrocarbons Processing, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Neftezavodskaya st., 54, 644040 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Omsk State Technical University, Mira ave., 11, 644050 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ V. A. Likholobov
  • Institute of Hydrocarbons Processing, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Neftezavodskaya st., 54, 644040 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Omsk State Technical University, Mira ave., 11, 644050 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Omsk Scientific Centre, Siberian Branch of Russian, Academy of Sciences, Karla Marksa ave., 15, 644024 Omsk, Russian Federation
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-10-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cse-2017-0003

Abstract

In the present study, the mechanochemical method is proposed for synthesis of LiAl-layered double hydroxides (LDHs). This method is eco-friendly and allows obtaining LiAl-LDH under relatively mild conditions (centripetal acceleration of milling bodies 300 m s-2) and in a short period of time (15 minutes). The structures of as-prepared LiAl-LDH, LiAl-mixed oxide (calcined LDH) and “activated” LiAl-LDH obtained after rehydration of the corresponding mixed oxide were confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The basicity of LiAlOx was measured by temperature-programmed desorption of CO2 and double isotherm technique. According to data obtained, LiAl-mixed oxide has a significant higher carbon dioxide adsorption capacity compared to MgAlmixed oxides prepared by conventional co-precipitation method. This indicates a large amount of basic surface sites with different strength (strong, medium and weak) for Li-containing systems. The formation of “activated” LiAl-LDH having Bronsted basic sites (OH groups in the interlayer space) provides an increased catalytic activity of LiAlOx in the reaction of aqueous-phase aldol condensation between furfural and acetone.

Keywords: layered double hydroxides; mechanical activation; aqueous-phase processing; furfural; aldol condensation

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About the article

Received: 2017-01-30

Accepted: 2017-03-13

Published Online: 2017-10-28

Published in Print: 2017-10-26


Citation Information: Catalysis for Sustainable Energy, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 8–16, ISSN (Online) 2084-6819, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/cse-2017-0003.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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