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Open Cultural Studies

Editor-in-Chief: Miller, Toby

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Bacon’s New Atlantis and the Fictional Origins of Organised Science

Peter Lucas
Published Online: 2018-07-18 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/culture-2018-0011

Abstract

It is a commonplace that science fiction draws inspiration from science fact. It is a less familiar thought-though still widely acknowledged-that science has sometimes drawn its inspiration from science fiction. (Arthur C. Clarke’s idea of geostationary communications satellites is a well-known example.) However, the debt of science to science fiction extends beyond such specific examples of scientific and technological innovations. This essay explores the paradoxical-sounding thesis that science itself, as we now know it, was originally the product of a science fiction vision. At a time when the collective endeavours of early modern researchers amounted to something less than science, Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis (1627) helped show what wonders might be achieved by organised and methodical state-sponsored scientific research. Bacon’s vision was highly prescient: many of the scientific possibilities he sketched have since become realities. It was also highly influential: early modern science bears the characteristic stamp of Bacon’s vision, and that same influence is discernible right down to the present day.

Keywords: Science fiction; scientific revolution; utopia; episteme

References

  • Andreae, Johannes Valentinus. Christianopolis. Translated by F. Held, Oxford University Press, 1916 (1619).Google Scholar

  • Bacon, Francis. “New Atlantis.” The Advancement of Learning and New Atlantis, Clarendon, 1974 (1627).Google Scholar

  • Bacon, Francis. “The Advancement of Learning.” The Advancement of Learning and New Atlantis. Clarendon, 1974 (1605).Google Scholar

  • Bacon, Francis. The New Organon. Cambridge University Press, 2008 (1620).Google Scholar

  • Bacon, Francis. “Thoughts and Conclusions on the Interpretation of Nature.” The Philosophy of Francis Bacon. University of Chicago Press, 1966 (1607).Google Scholar

  • Campanella, Tommaso. The City of the Sun. Wilder Publications 2008 (1602).Google Scholar

  • Foucault, M. The Order of Things. Translated by Alan Sheridan, Routledge, 1974.Google Scholar

  • Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 3rd ed., University of Chicago Press, 1996 (1962).Google Scholar

  • Losee, John. A Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press, 1972.Google Scholar

  • Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. “A Discourse on the Moral Effects of the Arts and Sciences.” The Social Contract and Discourses, J. M. Dent, 1913.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-01-12

Accepted: 2018-05-16

Published Online: 2018-07-18


Citation Information: Open Cultural Studies, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 114–121, ISSN (Online) 2451-3474, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/culture-2018-0011.

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© 2018 Peter Lucas, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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