Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Dialectologia et Geolinguistica

Journal of the International Society for Dialectology and Geolinguistics

Ed. by van Nahl, Astrid

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.071
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.194

CiteScore 2017: 0.29

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.118
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.639

Online
ISSN
1867-0903
See all formats and pricing
More options …

A quantitative approach to Swiss German – Dialectometric analyses and comparisons of linguistic levels

Yves Scherrer / Philipp Stoeckle
Published Online: 2016-11-17 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/dialect-2016-0006

Abstract

German-speaking Switzerland can certainly be regarded as one of the liveliest and at the same time best researched dialect areas in Central Europe. It is all the more surprising that dialectometric analyses in this area have only recently been performed and none of them included an investigation into the level of syntax. In this paper we pursue two goals: First, we present digital data that has been made available in recent years on the basis of the Sprachatlas der deutschen Schweiz (SDS) and the Syntaktischer Atlas der deutschen Schweiz (SADS). Our second goal is to present dialectometric analyses performed with this data. A special focus is put on the comparison of different linguistic levels (lexis, phonology, morphology and syntax). Our methods include hierarchical cluster analyses (of the whole dataset as well as of the linguistic levels), correlations (between pairs of linguistic levels and between linguistic levels and geography) and parameter maps which allow us to draw conclusions about the distributions of innovative and conservative regions, dialect centers and transition zones. Our results show that while all four levels generally yield similar geographic patterns (dynamic areas in the North vs. conservative areas in the South, agreement of dialect and cantonal borders, high correlations with geography), syntax deviates most from the other levels.

References

  • Aurenhammer, Franz. 1991. Voronoi diagrams – A survey of a fundamental geometric data structure. ACM computing surveys 23: 345–405.Google Scholar

  • Barbiers, Sjef, Hans Bennis, Gunther de Vogelaer, Magda Devos & Margreet van der Ham. 2005. Syntactic atlas of the Dutch dialects, vol. 1. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.Google Scholar

  • Beyer, Ernst & Raymond Matzen (eds.). 1969. Atlas linguistique et ethnographique de l’Alsace, vol. 1. Paris: Editions du C.N.R.S.Google Scholar

  • Blancquaert, Edgard & Willem Pée. 1925–1982. Reeks Nederlands(ch)e dialectatlassen. Antwerpen: de Sikkel.Google Scholar

  • Bösiger, Melanie & Alexandra Schiesser. 2014. Der Engelberger Dialekt – ein Sonderfall. Ängelbärger Zeyt. Engelberger Jahrbuch 2015: 140–146.Google Scholar

  • Bothorel-Witz, Arlette, Marthe Philipp & Sylviane Spindler (eds.). 1984. Atlas linguistique et ethnographique de l'Alsace, vol. 2. Paris: Editions du C.N.R.S.Google Scholar

  • Bucheli Berger, Claudia. 2008. Neue Technik, alte Probleme: Auf dem Weg zum Syntaktischen Atlas der Deutschen Schweiz (SADS). In Sprachgeographie digital. Die neue Generation der Sprachatlanten, 29–44. Eds. Stephan Elspass & Werner König. Hildesheim: Olms.Google Scholar

  • Bucheli Berger, Claudia. 2010. Dativ für Akkusativ im Senslerischen (Kanton Freiburg). In Alemannische Dialektologie: Wege in die Zukunft. Beiträge zur 16. Arbeitstagung für alemannische Dialektologie in Freiburg/Fribourg vom 07.‒ 10.09.2008, 71–83. Eds. Helen Christen, Sibylle Germann, Walter Haas, Nadia Montefiori & Hans Ruef. Stuttgart: Steiner.Google Scholar

  • Bucheli, Claudia & Elvira Glaser. 2002. The syntactic atlas of Swiss German dialects: Empirical and methodological problems. In Syntactic microvariation (Meertens Institute Electronic Publications in Linguistics 2), 41–74. Eds. Sjef Barbiers, Leonie Cornips & Susanne van der Kleij. Amsterdam: Meertens Instituut.Google Scholar

  • Chambers, Jack K. & Peter Trudgill. 2004. Dialectology, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Cronbach, Lee. 1951. Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika 16: 279–334.Google Scholar

  • Embleton, Sheila. 1993. Multidimensional scaling as a dialectometrical technique: outline of a research project. In Contributions to quantitative linguistics. Proceedings of the first international conference on quantitative linguistics (QUAL-ICO), 267–276. Eds. Reinhard Köhler & Burghard B. Rieger. Dordrecht & Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar

  • Everitt, Brian S., Sabine Landau, Morven Leese & Daniel Stahl. 2011. Cluster Analysis. 5th edn. Chichester, U.K.: Wiley.Google Scholar

  • Goebl, Hans. 1984. Dialektometrische Studien: Anhand italoromanischer, rätoromanischer und galloromanischer Sprachmaterialien aus AIS und ALF. 3 vols. Tübingen: Niemeyer.Google Scholar

  • Goebl, Hans. 2005. La dialectométrie corrélative: un nouvel outil pour l’étude de l’aménagement dialectal de l’espace par l’homme. Revue de Linguistique Romane 69 : 321–367.Google Scholar

  • Goebl, Hans. 2010. Dialectometry and quantitative mapping. In Language and Space. An International Handbook of Linguistic Variation. Vol. 2: Language Mapping (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft 30.2), 433–457. Eds. Alfred Lameli, Roland Kehrein & Stefan Rabanus. Berlin/ New York: de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Goebl, Hans. 2011. Quo vadis, atlas linguistice? Einige wissenschaftshistorische und zeitgeistkritische Reflexionen zur atlasgestützten Geolinguistik. In Sprachkontakte, Sprachvariation und Sprachwandel, 5–27. Eds. Claudia Schlaak & Lena Busse. Tübingen: Narr.Google Scholar

  • Goebl, Hans & Guillaume Schiltz. 1997. A dialectometrical compilation of CLAE I and CLAE II. Isoglosses and dialect integration. In Computer developed linguistic atlas of England CLAE, vol. 2, 13–21. Eds. Wolfgang Viereck & Heinrich Ramisch. Tübingen: Niemeyer.Google Scholar

  • Goebl, Hans, Yves Scherrer & Pavel Smečka. 2013. Kurzbericht über die Dialektometrisierung des Gesamtnetzes des „Sprachatlasses der deutschen Schweiz“ (SDS). In Vielfalt, Variation und Stellung der deutschen Sprache, 153–176. Eds. Karina Schneider-Wiejowski, Birte Kellermeier-Rehbein, Jakob Haselhuber. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Glaser, Elvira. 2013. Area formation in morphosyntax. In Space in language and linguistics. Geographical, interactional, and Cognitive perspectives (linguae & litterae 24), 195–221. Eds. Peter Auer, Martin Hilpert, Anja Stukenbrock & Benedikt Szmrecsanyi. Berlin & Boston: de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Glaser, Elvira. 2014. Wandel und Variation in der Morphosyntax der schweizerdeutschen Dialekte. Taal en Tongval 66: 21–64.Google Scholar

  • Gries, Stefan. 2008. Statistik für Sprachwissenschaftler (Studienbücher zur Linguistik 13). Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.Google Scholar

  • Grieve, Jack. 2014. A comparison of statistical methods for the aggregation of regional linguistic variation. In Aggregating dialectology, typology, and register analysis. Linguistic variation in text and speech (linguae & litterae 28), 53–88. Eds. Benedikt Szmrecsanyi & Bernhard Wälchli. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Haas, Walter. 2000. Die deutschsprachige Schweiz. In Die viersprachige Schweiz (Sprachlandschaft 25), 57–138. Eds. Hans Bickel & Robert Schläpfer. Aarau: Sauerländer.Google Scholar

  • Heeringa, Wilbert. 2004. Measuring dialect pronunciation differences using levenshtein distance. Groningen: University of Groningen PhD thesis.Google Scholar

  • Heeringa, Wilbert & John Nerbonne. 2001. Dialect areas and dialect continua. Language Variation and Change 13: 375–400.Google Scholar

  • Hotzenköcherle, Rudolf, Robert Schläpfer, Rudolf Trüb & Paul Zinsli (eds.). 1962‒1997. Sprachatlas der deutschen Schweiz. Bern/Basel: Francke.Google Scholar

  • Hotzenköcherle, Rudolf. 1984. Die Sprachlandschaften der deutschen Schweiz. Ed. Niklaus Bigler & Robert Schläpfer. Aarau: Sauerländer.Google Scholar

  • Jaccard, Paul. 1912. The distribution of the flora in the alpine zone. New Phytologist 11: 37–50.Google Scholar

  • Jenks, George F. 1967. The data model concept in statistical mapping. International yearbook of cartography 7: 186–190Google Scholar

  • Jeszenszky, Péter & Robert Weibel. forthc. Exploring global and local patterns in the correlation of geographic distances and morphosyntactic variation in Swiss German.Google Scholar

  • Kelle, Bernhard. 2001. Zur Typologie der Dialekte in der deutschsprachigen Schweiz: Ein dialektometrischer Versuch. Dialectologia et Geolinguistica 9: 9–34.Google Scholar

  • Kellerhals, Sandra. 2014. Dialektometrische Analyse und Visualisierung von schweizerdeutschen Dialekten auf verschiedenen linguistischen Ebenen. Zürich: Universität Zürich MSc thesis.Google Scholar

  • Lee, Jay & William A. Kretzschmar. 1993. Spatial analysis of linguistic data with GIS functions. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems 7: 541–560.Google Scholar

  • Löffler, Heinrich. 2003. Dialektologie. Eine Einführung. Tübingen: Narr.Google Scholar

  • Lötscher, Andreas. 2004. Dialektsyntax oder Syntax der gesprochenen Sprache? Eine Fallstudie anhand von Nebensatzproblemen im Schweizerdeutschen. Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik 71: 156–179.Google Scholar

  • Mantel, Nathan. 1967. The detection of disease clustering and a generalized regression approach. Cancer Research 27: 209–220.Google Scholar

  • Montemagni, Simonetta. 2008. The space of Tuscan dialectal variation. A correlation study. International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing 2: 135–152.Google Scholar

  • Nerbonne, John & Wilbert Heeringa. 2010. Measuring dialect differences. In Language and space. An international handbook of linguistic variation. Vol. 1: theories and methods (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft 30.2), 550–567. Eds. Peter Auer & Jürgen Erich Schmidt. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Nerbonne, John & Peter Kleiweg. 2003. Lexical distance in LAMSAS. Computers and the humanities 37: 339–357.Google Scholar

  • Nerbonne, John & Peter Kleiweg. 2007. Toward a dialectological yardstick. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics 14: 148–166.Google Scholar

  • Nunnally, Jum C. & Ira H. Bernstein. 1994. Psychometric theory. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

  • Shackleton Jr., Robert G. 2007. Phonetic variation in the traditional English dialects: A computational analysis. Journal of English linguistics 35: 30–102.Google Scholar

  • Scherrer, Yves. 2011. Morphology generation for Swiss German dialects. In Systems and frameworks for computational morphology (Second International Workshop, SFCM 2011, Zurich, Switzerland), 130–140. Eds. Cerstin Mahlow & Michael Piotrowski. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar

  • Scherrer, Yves. 2014. Computerlinguistische Experimente für die schweizerdeutsche Dialektlandschaft: Maschinelle Übersetzung und Dialektometrie. In Alemannische Dialektologie – Dialekte im Kontakt (Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik – Beihefte 155), 261–278. Ed. Dominique Huck. Stuttgart: Steiner.Google Scholar

  • Séguy, Jean. 1973. La dialectométrie dans l’Atlas linguistique de la Gascogne. Revue de linguistique romane 37: 1–24.Google Scholar

  • Seiler, Guido. 2004. On three types of dialect variation, and their implications for linguistic theory. Evidence from verb clusters in Swiss German dialects. In Dialectology meets typology. Dialect grammar from a Cross-linguistic perspective, 367–399. Ed. Bernd Kortmann. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter.Google Scholar

  • Sibler, Pius, Robert Weibel, Elvira Glaser & Gabriela Bart. 2012. Cartographic visualization in Support of Dialectology. In Proceedings Auto Carto 2012, Columbus, OH (USA), 17‒18 September 2012 (accessed 4 March 2016): http://www.cartogis.org/docs/proceedings/2012/Sibler_etal_AutoCarto2012.pdf

  • Spruit, Marco René, Wilbert Heeringa & John Nerbonne. 2009. Associations among linguistic levels. Lingua 119: 1624–1642.Google Scholar

  • Stoeckle, Philipp. 2016. Horizontal and vertical variation in Swiss German morphosyntax. In The future of dialects. Selected papers from methods in dialectology XV (Language variation 1), 195–215. Eds. Marie-Hélène Côté, Remco Knooihuizen & John Nerbonne. Berlin: Language Science Press.Google Scholar

  • Trüb, Rudolf. 1951. Die Sprachlandschaft Walensee-Seeztal (Beiträge zur schweizerdeutschen Mundartfortschung 3). Frauenfeld: Huber.Google Scholar

  • Ward, Joe H. 1963. Hierarchical grouping to optimize an objective function. Journal of the American statistical association 58: 236–244.Google Scholar

  • Weiss, Richard. 1947. Die Brünig-Napf-Reuss-Linie als Kulturgrenze zwischen Ost- und Westschweiz auf volkskundlichen Karten. Geographica Helvetica 2: 153–175.Google Scholar

  • Wieling, Martijn & John Nerbonne. 2015. Advances in dialectometry. Annual review of linguistics 2015: 243–264.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2016-11-17

Published in Print: 2016-11-01


Citation Information: Dialectologia et Geolinguistica, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 92–125, ISSN (Online) 1867-0903, ISSN (Print) 0942-4040, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/dialect-2016-0006.

Export Citation

© 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in