Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details

DNA Barcodes

Ed. by Mitchell, Andrew

1 Issue per year

Emerging Science

Open Access
See all formats and pricing

Sympatry and colour variation disguised well-differentiated sister species: Suphrodytes revised with integrative taxonomy including 5 kbp of housekeeping genes (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae)

Johannes Bergsten
  • Department of Entomology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Box 50007, SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden
  • Email:
/ Gracen Brilmyer
  • Division of Insects, Field Museum of Natural History, 1400 S Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL, USA
/ Alex Crampton-Platt
  • Entomology Department, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, SW7 5BD London, UK
  • Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, UK
/ Anders N. Nilsson
  • Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, SE-90187 Umeå, Sweden
Published Online: 2012-11-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/dna-2012-0001


The genus Suphrodytes, is currently regarded as a monobasic Palearctic genus with one colour-variable species, S. dorsalis. Here we show with >5 kbp of nuclear and mitochondrial genes and quantitative morphological characters that Suphrodytes consists of two well-defined species, albeit each with variable colour pattern. The primary barcode gene CO1, showed consistent signs of multiple copies, therefore a range of alternative housekeeping genes were screened for information. The two species were reciprocally monophyletic in genetrees from 12S, 16S, CO1, CO2, CytB, H3 and 18S. Explicit species delimitation tests based on the coalescent process model rejected the null hypothesis that the genealogies originated from a single panmictic species. The mitochondrial proteincoding genes were proportionally richest in information followed by 12S and Histone 3. Conservative nuclear 18S had a single fixed diagnostic character. The two species were significantly different in total bodylength, bodyshape, shape of the male aedeagus and parameres. We review the taxonomic literature of Suphrodytes and find S. dorsalis (Fabricius, 1787) and S. figuratus (Gyllenhal, 1826) to be the oldest available names for the respective species, and for which we designate lectotypes. Synonyms are established for both species which are broadly sympatric across the Palearctic and frequently even collected at the same locality.

This article offers supplementary material which is provided at the end of the article.

Keywords: Species delimitation; Multiple copies; DNA Barcoding; Reciprocal monophyly; Taxonomy; Sympatric

  • Hebert PDN, Cywinska A, Ball SL, and deWaard JR (2003) Biological identifications through DNA barcodes. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 270: 313-321.

  • Hebert PDN, Gregory TR (2005) The promise of DNA barcoding for taxonomy. Syst. Biol. 54,:852–859.

  • Hajibabaei M, Singer GAC, Hebert PDN, Hickey DA (2007) DNA barcoding: how it complements taxonomy, molecular phylogenetics and population genetics. Trends in Genetics 23: 167-172. [PubMed]

  • Smith MA, Wood DM, Janzen DH, Hallwachs W, Hebert PDN (2007) DNA barcodes affirm that 16 species of apparently generalist tropical parasitoid flies (Diptera, Tachinidae) are not all generalists. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104: 4967–4972. [Crossref]

  • Miller SE (2007) DNA barcoding and the renaissance of taxonomy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104: 4775-4776. [Crossref]

  • Dayrat B (2005) Towards integrative taxonomy. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 85: 407–415.

  • Padial JM, Miralles A, De la Riva I, Vences M (2010). The integrative future of taxonomy. Frontiers in Zoology 7:16 doi:10.1186/1742-9994-7-16. [Crossref]

  • Vernooy R, Haribabu E, Ruiz Muller M, Vogel JH, Hebert PDN, Schindel DE, et al. (2010) Barcoding life to conserve biological diversity: beyond the taxonomic imperative. PLoS Biology 8(7): e1000417. doi:10.1371/journal. pbio.1000417. [PubMed]

  • Tautz D, Arctander P, Minelli A, Thomas RH, Vogler AP (2003) A plea for DNA taxonomy. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18:70-74.

  • Stein LD (2010) The case for cloud computing in genome informatics. Genome Biology 2010, 11:207 doi:10.1186/gb- 2010-11-5-207. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Ross HA, Murugan S, Li WLS (2008) Testing the reliability of genetic methods of species identification via simulation. Syst. Biol. 57: 216-230.

  • Ratnasingham S, Hebert PDN (2007) BOLD: the barcode of life data system (www.Barcodinglife.org). Molecular Ecology Notes 7: 355-364. [PubMed] [Crossref]

  • Yang ZH, Rannala B (2010) Bayesian species delimitation using multilocus sequence data. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107: 9264-9269. [Crossref]

  • Hebert PDN, Ratnasingham S, deWaard, JR (2003b) Barcoding animal life: cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 divergences among closely related species. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 270: S96–S99.

  • Hanner R (2009) Data Standards for BARCODE Records in INSDC (BRIs) (Database Working Group, Consortium for the Barcode of Life). http://www.barcodeoflife.org/sites/default/ files/legacy/pdf/DWG_data_standards-Final.pdf

  • Bergsten J, Bilton DT, Fujisawa T, Elliott M, Monaghan M, Balke M, Hendrich L, Geijer J, Herrmann J, Foster G, Ribera I, Nilsson AN, Barraclough TG, Vogler AP (2012) The effect of geographical scale of sampling on DNA Barcoding. Syst. Biol. doi:10.1093/sysbio/sys037. [Crossref]

  • Song H, Buhay JE, Whiting MF, Crandall KA (2008) Many species in one: DNA barcoding overestimates the number of species when nuclear mitochondrial pseudogenes are coamplified. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 13486–13491. [Crossref]

  • Magnacca KN, Brown MJF (2010) Mitochondrial heteroplasmy and DNA barcoding in Hawaiian Hylaeus (Nesoprosopis) bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). BMC Evol. Biol. 10: 174.

  • Rodrigo AG, Bertels F, Heled J, Noder R, Shearman H, Tsai P (2008) The perils of plenty: what are we going to do with all these genes? Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 363: 3893–3902.

  • Rosenberg NA (2007) Statistical tests for taxonomic distinctiveness from observations of monophyly. Evolution 61: 317–323. [PubMed]

  • Angus RB (1985) Suphrodytes Des Gozis a valid genus, not a subgenus of Hydroporus Clairville (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 16: 269–275. [Crossref]

  • Zimmermann A (1931) Monographie der paläarktischen Dytisciden, II. Hydroporinae (2. Teil). Koleopterologische Rundschau 17: 97–159.

  • Nilsson AN (2001) World catalogue of insects. Vol. 3. Dytiscidae Coleoptera. Apollo Books, Stenstrup.

  • Wirén E (1968) Några svenska Hydroporus-arter (Col. Dytiscidae) Mit Beschreibung von Hydroporus eljasi n. sp. Opuscula Entomologica 33: 114–118.

  • Huggert L, Nilsson AN (1978) Anteckningar om tre dykararter. Entomologisk Tidskrift 99: 25–29.

  • Larkin MA, Blackshields G, Brown NP, Chenna R, McGettigan PA, McWilliam H, et al. (2007) ClustalW2 and ClustalX version 2. Bioinformatics 23: 2947-2948.

  • Nixon KC (1999-2002) WinClada ver. 1.0000. Published by the author, Ithaca, NY, USA.

  • Goloboff P (1999) NONA (NO NAME) ver. 2 Published by the author, Tucumán, Argentina.

  • Drummond AJ, Suchard MA, Xie D, Rambaut A (2012) Bayesian phylogenetics with BEAUti and the BEAST 1.7. Mol. Biol. Evol. doi: 10.1093/molbev/mss075. [Crossref]

  • Drummond AJ, Ashton B, Buxton S, Cheung M, Cooper A, Duran C, et al. (2011) Geneious v5.4, Available from: http:// www.geneious.com (20.V.2012)

  • Masters BC, Fan V, Ross HA (2011) Species delimitation – a geneious plugin for the exploration of species boundaries. Molecular Ecology Resources 11: 154–157. [Crossref] [PubMed]

  • Smith MA, Rodriguez JJ, Whitfield JB, Deans AR, Janzen DH, Hallwachs W, Hebert PDN (2008) Extreme diversity of tropical parasitoid wasps exposed by iterative integration of natural history, DNA barcoding, morphology, and collections. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 12359–12364. [Crossref]

  • Sonnenberg R, Nolte AW, Tautz D (2007) An evaluation of LSU rDNA D1-D2 sequences for their use in species identification. Frontiers in Zoology 2007 4:6.

  • Nilsson AN (2012). Catalogue of Palearctic Dytiscidae (Coleoptera) version 2012-01-01. http://www2.emg.umu.se/ projects/biginst/andersn/PALCATDYT_20120101.pdf

  • Ribera I, Vogler AP, Balke M (2008) Phylogeny and diversification of diving beetles (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Cladistics. 24: 563-590. [Crossref]

  • Acloque A (1896) Faune de France. Coléoptères. (J-B Baillière et Fils, Paris) pp 466.

  • Ádám L (1996a) A Janus Pannonius Múzeum vízibogár gyüjteménye (Coleoptera: Haliplidae, Gyrinidae, Laccophilidae, Noteridae, Hydroporidae). Jannus Pannonius Múz Èvk (1995) 40: 13–17.

  • Ádám L (1996b) A check-list of the Hungarian caraboid beetles (Coleoptera). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 57: 5–64.

  • Angus RB (1985) Suphrodytes Des Gozis a valid genus, not a subgenus of Hydroporus Clairville (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 16: 269–275. [Crossref]

  • Apfelbeck V (1904) Die Käferfauna der Balkanhalbinsel, mit Berücksichtigung Klein-Asiens und der Insel Kreta. Vol 1 Familienreihe Caraboidea. (R Friedländer und Sohn, Berlin) pp ix + 422.

  • Aubé C (1836-1838) Hydrocanthares. In: Dejean, P.F.: Iconographie et histoire naturelle des coléoptères d’Europe. Vol 5 (Méquignon-Marvis, Paris) pp xi + 416 + 46 pls. [pp 1–64 1836, 65–224 1837, 225–416 1838]

  • Balfour-Browne F (1940) British water beetles. Vol 1 (Ray Society, London) pp 375.

  • Bedel L (1881) Faune des coléoptères du bassin de la Seine. 1er Sous-ordre. Carnivora. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 11: 257–359 (sep pagin).

  • Csiki E (1946) Die Käferfauna des Karpaten-Beckens. Band I Allgemeiner Teil und Caraboidea. (Ungarisches Naturwissenschaftliches Museum, Budapest) pp 798.

  • Dalla Torre CW von (1877) Synopsis der Insecten Oberösterreichs. Jahres-Bericht des Vereines für Naturkunde in Oesterreich ob der Ens zu Linz 8: 15–74.

  • Dorsselaer R van (1919) Les dytiscides de Belgique. Deuxième partie. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 1: 104–119.

  • Duftschmid CE (1805) Fauna Austriae, oder Beschreibung der österreichischen Insecten. Vol. 1. (Akademischen Buchhandlung, Linz & Leipzig) pp v + 311 + 5.

  • Erichson WF (1837) Die Käfer der Mark Brandenburg. Vol 1 Part 1 (FH Morin, Berlin) pp viii + 384.

  • Everts EJG (1922) Coleoptera Neerlandica, de schildvleugelige Insecten van Nederland en het aangrenzend Gebied Vol 3 (M. Nijhoff, S-Gravenhage) pp xviii + 668.

  • Fabricius JC (1787) Mantissa Insectorum sistens species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis, differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus. 2 vols (CG Proft, Hafniae) pp xx + 348 +382.

  • Fabricius JC (1792-1794) Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species adjectis synonimis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. 4 vols. (CG Proft, Hafniae) [Vol 1: part 1, pp xx + 330: 1792; part 2, pp 538: 1793; vol 2 pp viii + 519: 1793; vol 3 part 1 pp vi + 487: 1793; part 2 pp 349: 1794; vol 4 pp vi + 472: 1794.]

  • Fabricius JC (1801) Systema Eleutheratorum secundum ordines, genera, species; adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus Vol 1 (Bibliopolii Academici Novi, Kiliae) pp xxiv + 506.

  • Fairmaire L, Laboulbène A (1855) [Livraison 2]. pp 181-370 In: Faune entomologique française ou description des insectes qui se trouvent en France. Coléoptères. Tome Premier (Deyrolle, Paris) pp xxxv + 665.

  • Ganglbauer L (1891) Die Käfer von Mitteleuropa. Die Käfer der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie, Deutschlands, der Schweiz, sowie des französischen und italienischen Alpengebietes Vol 1 Familienreihe Caraboidea. (Carl Gerold’s Sohn, Wien) pp iii + 557.

  • Gebler FA von (1847) Verzeichniss der im Kolywano- Woskresenskischen Hüttenbezirke Süd-West Sibiriens beobachteten Kaefer mit Bemerkungen und Beschreibungen. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 20: 263–361.

  • Gemminger M, Harold E von (1868) Catalogus Coleopterorum hucusque descriptorum synonymicus et systematicus Tom II (EH Gummi, Monachii) pp 425–752.

  • Gerhardt J (1910) Verzeichnis der Käfer Schlesiens preußischen und österreichischen Anteils Ed 3 (Julius Springer, Berlin) pp 431.

  • Gmelin JF (1790) Caroli a Linné, systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum caracteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis Ed 13 Vol 1 Part 4 (Insecta). (GE Beer, Lipsiae) pp 1517–2224.

  • Gozis M des (1914) Tableaux de détermination des dytiscides, notérides, hyphydrides, hygrobiides et haliplides de la faune franco-rhénane (part). Miscellanea Entomologica 21: 97–112.

  • Grill C (1895-1896) Förteckning öfver Skandinaviens, Danmarks och Finlands Coleoptera jämte deras synonymi och geografiska utbredning. (Stockholms Hospitals Boktryckeri, Stockholm) pp vi + 426 [pp 1–184: 1895, 185–426: 1896].

  • Guignot F (1931-1933) Les hydrocanthares de France. (Les Frères Douladoure, Toulouse) pp xv + 1057 [pp 1–188: 1931, 189– 799: 1932].

  • Guignot F (1947) Coléoptères hydrocanthares. Faune de France 48: 1–287.

  • Guignot F (1951) Trente-septième note sur les hydrocanthares (Col.). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 56: 21–25.

  • Gyllenhal L (1808) Insecta Suecica descripta. Classis I. Coleoptera sive Eleutherata. Vol 1 Part 1 (FJ Leverentz, Scaris) pp xii + 572.

  • Gyllenhal L (1826) Hyphydrus figuratus pp 175 In: Sahlberg CR: Insecta Fennica, dissertationibus academicis, A. 1817– 1834 editis Vol 1 A Part 12 (Frenckel, Helsingforsiae) pp 169–184.

  • Gyllenhal L (1827) Insecta Suecica descripta. Classis I. Coleoptera sive Eleutherata Vol 1 Part 4 (Fleischer, Lipsiae) pp viii + 762.

  • Hansen V (1973) Familie Dytiscidae (Vandkalve). Danmarks Fauna 34: 28–139.

  • Hellén W (1939) Catalogus coleopterorum Daniae et Fennoscandiae. (Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica, Helsingfors) pp vii + 129.

  • Heyden L von (1880-1881) Catalog der Coleopteren von Sibirien mit Einschluss derjenigen der turanischen Länder, Turkestans und der chinesischen Grenzgebiete. (AW Schade, Berlin) pp xxiv + 224.

  • Houlbert C (1934) Faune entomologique armoricaine. Coléoptères, hydrocarabiques. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences de Bretagne 11: 1–147.

  • Huggert L, Nilsson AN (1978) Anteckningar om tre dykar-arter. Entomologisk Tidskrift 99: 25–29.

  • Lacordaire JT (1835) [Coleoptera]. In: Boisduval J.B.A. & Lacordaire J.T.: Faune entomologique des environs de Paris Vol 1 (Mequignon-Marvis, Paris) pp 17 + 696 + 3 pls.

  • Laporte FLN Caumont de (1840) Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Annelides, crustacés, arachnides, myriapodes et insectes. Vol 1 Histoire naturelle des insectes coléoptères. (P Duménil, Paris) pp 324 + 19 pls.

  • Lindberg Hå (1933) Untersuchungen in N-Petsamo über die Käfer hochnordischer Biotopen. Memoranda Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 9: 103–125.

  • Mäklin FW (1881) Coleoptera insamlade under den Nordenskiöldska expeditionen 1875 på några öar vid Norges nordvestkust, på Novaja Semlja och ön Waigatsch samt vid Jenissej i Sibirien. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 18: 1–48.

  • Marsham T (1802) Entomologia Britannica. Vol 1 Coleoptera. (White, Londini) pp xxxi + 548.

  • Melsheimer FE (1844) Descriptions of new species of Coleoptera of the United States. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 2: 26–47.

  • Möller G (1863) Kort beskrivning öfver Skandinaviens skalbaggar (Coleoptera). Vol 1 (Berlingska boktryckeriet, Lund) pp 73 + 2 pls.

  • Möller G (1890) Kort beskrivning öfver Skandinaviens skalbaggar (Coleoptera). Vol 3 (Håkan Ohlssons Boktryckeri, Lund) pp 123 + 9 pls.

  • Müller OF (1776) Zoologiae Danicae prodromus, seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. (Hallageriis, Havniae) pp xxxii + 274 + 8.

  • Nilsson AN (1982) Den akvatiska skalbaggsfaunan i ett åsgropsområde i norra Hälsingland. Entomologisk Tidskrift 103: 123–129.

  • Nilsson AN (1983) Faunistiska notiser om norrländska vattenskalbaggar. Entomologisk Tidskrift 104: 5-8.

  • Nilsson AN (2001) World catalogue of insects. Vol. 3. Dytiscidae Coleoptera. (Apollo Books, Stenstrup) pp 395.

  • Nilsson AN (2012). Catalogue of Palearctic Dytiscidae (Coleoptera) version 2012-01-01. http://www2.emg.umu.se/projects/ biginst/andersn/PALCATDYT_20120101.pdf

  • Olivier AG (1795) Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des insectes. Vol 3 Coléoptères. (Lanneau, Paris) pp 557 + 65 tab.

  • Panzer GWF (1793) Faunae Insectorum Germanicae initia oder Deutschlands Insecten. Heft 5–14 (Felsecker, Nürnberg).

  • Panzer GWF (1795) Entomologia Germanica exhibens insecta per Germaniam indigena I Eleuterata. (Norimbergae) pp 370 + 12 pls.

  • Panzer GWF (1805) Kritische Revision der Insektenfaune Deutschlands. I-XCVI Heft. (Felsecker, Nürnberg).

  • Paykull G von (1798) Fauna Suecica. Insecta. Vol 1 (Edman, Uppsaliae) pp x + 358.

  • Petri K (1912) Siebenbürgens Käferfauna auf Grund ihrer Erforschung bis zum Jahre 1911. (Jod Drotleff, Hermannstadt) pp x + 376.

  • Poppius B (1899) Förteckning öfver ryska Karelens Coleoptera. Acta Societatis pro Fauna et Flora Fennica 18: 1–125.

  • Poppius B (1905) Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Coleopteren-Fauna des Lena-Thales in Ost-Sibirien. I. Haliplidae und Dytiscidae. Öfversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Förhandlingar 47: 1–24.

  • Porta A (1923) Fauna Coleopterorum Italica. Vol 1 Adephaga. (Stabilimento Tipografico Piacentino, Piacenza) pp vi + 285.

  • Portevin G (1929) Historie naturelle des coléoptères de France. Vol 1 Adephaga - Polyphaga: Staphylinoidea. Encyclopédie entomologique (A) vol 12 (Paul Lechevalier, Paris) pp 649 + 4 pls.

  • Preller CH (1862) Die Käfer von Hamburg und Umgegend. Ein Beitrag zur nordalbingischen Insektenfauna. (Otto Meissner, Hamburg) pp xii + 158 + 1 pl.

  • Reitter E (1908) Fauna Germanica. Die Käfer des Deutschen Reiches Vol 1 (KG Lutz’ Verlag, Stuttgart) pp viii + 248 + 40 pls.

  • Sahlberg J (1871) Anteckningar till Lapplands Coleopterfauna. Notiser ur Sällskapets pro Fauna et Flora Fennica Förhandlingar (N.S.) 11: 385–440.

  • Sahlberg J (1875) Enumeratio Coleopterorum carnivororum Fenniae. Notiser ur Sällskapets pro Fauna et Flora Fennica Förhandlingar (N.S.) 14: 41–200.

  • Sahlberg J (1880) Bidrag till nordvestra Sibiriens insektfauna. Coleoptera. Insamlade under expeditionerna till Obi och Jenessej 1876 och 1877. I. Cicindelidae, Carabidae, Dytiscidae, Hydrophilidae, Gyrinidae, Dryopidae, Georyssidae, Limnichidae, Heteroceridae, Staphylinidae och Micropeplidae. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar (N.F.) 17: 1–115 + 1 pl.

  • Schaum HR (1847) Revision of British Hydrocantharidae. Zoologist 5: 1887–1897.

  • Schaum HR (1868) Dytiscidae. In: Schaum HR, Kiesenwetter H von: Coleoptera. Erster Band. Zweite Hälfte. In: Schaum H.R., Kraatz G. & Kiesenwetter H. von. (Eds.): Naturgeschichte der Insekten Deutschlands. (Nicolai, Berlin) pp 144 [started by Erichson]

  • Schilsky J (1889) Synonymische und andere Bemerkungen zu Dr. Carl W. v. Dalla Torre’s ”Synopsis der Insekten Oberösterreichs” und ”Die Käferfauna von Oberösterreich”. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1889: 345–356.

  • Schiödte JMC (1841) Genera og species af Danmarks Eleutherata at tjene som fauna for denne orden og som inledning till dens anatomie og historie. Förste bind (B. Luno, Kjöbenhavn) pp xii + 612 + 24 pls.

  • Schönherr CJ (1808) Synonymia Insectorum, oder: Versuch einer Synonymie aller bisher bekannten Insecten; nach Fabricii Systema Eleutheratorum & c. geordnet. Vol 1 Eleutherata oder Käfer. Part 2 (CF Marquard, Stockholm) pp x + 424 + 1 pl.

  • Schrank F von Paula (1781) Enumeratio Insectorum Austriae indigenorum. (VE Klett & Franck, Augustae Vindelicorum), pp xxiv + 548 + 4 pls.

  • Seidlitz GKM von (1872-1875) Fauna Baltica. Die Käfer (Coleoptera) der Ostseeprovinzen Russlands. (H Laakmann, Dorpat) pp 2 + xlii + 142 + 560 [pp i–xx + 1–48 (Gattungen) + 1–208 (Arten) issued in 1872.]

  • Seidlitz GKM von (1887) Bestimmungs-Tabelle der Dytiscidae und Gyrinidae des europäischen Faunengebietes. Verhandlungen des Naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn 25: 3–136.

  • Sharp D (1882) On aquatic carnivorous Coleoptera or Dytiscidae. Scientific Transactions of the Royal Dublin Society 2: 179– 1003 + pls. 7–18.

  • Sparre-Schneider HJ (1909-1911) Maalselvens insektfauna. Vol 1 Coleoptera. Tromsö Museum Årsbok, 30 (1907) & 33 (1910).

  • Stephens JF (1828-1829a) Illustrations of British entomology. Mandibulata. Vol 2 (Baldwin & Cradock, London) pp 200 [pp 1–112: 1828, 113–200: 1829]

  • Stephens JF (1829b) A systematic catalogue of British insects: being an attempt to arrange all the hitherto discovered indigenous insects in accordance with their natural affinities. Part 1. Insecta Mandibulata. (Baldwin & Craddock, London) pp xxxiv + 416.

  • Sturm J (1835) Deutschlands Fauna in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Abt. V, Die Insecten. Vol 9 Käfer (Privately printed, Nürnberg) pp xii + 120 + pls. cciii-ccxvi.

  • Thomson CG (1856) Öfversigt af de arter inom familjen Dytisci, som blifvit anträffade på Skandinaviska halfön. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1854: 181–237.

  • Thomson CG (1860) Skandinaviens Coleoptera, synoptiskt bearbetade. Vol II (Berlingska Boktryckeriet, Lund) pp 304.

  • Thomson CG (1867) Skandinaviens Coleoptera, synoptiskt bearbetade. Vol IX (Lundbergska Boktryckeriet, Lund) pp 407.

  • Thunberg CP (1794) Dissertatio entomologica sistens Insecta Suecica. Partem sextam. (Edman, Upsaliae) pp ii + 73-82.

  • Wirén E (1968) Några svenska Hydroporus-arter (Col. Dytiscidae). Mit Beschreibung von Hydroporus eljasi n. sp. Opuscula Entomologica 33: 114–118.

  • Zaitzev FA (1906) Catalogus praecursorius coleopterorum faunae provinciae Novgorodensis. Berichte der Biologischen Süsswasserstation der Kaiserlichen Naturforscher-Gesellschaft zu St. Petersburg 2: 78–141. [In Russian]

  • Zaitzev FA [Ph.] (1908) Berichtigungen und Zusätze zu den Haliplidae, Dytiscidae und Gyrinidae in den neuesten Katalogen der Coleoptera. Russkoe Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 7: 114–124.

  • Zaitzev FA [Ph.] (1910) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Wasserkäfer des Ostens von Nordsibirien. Haliplidae, Dytiscidae, Gyrinidae, Hydrophilidae, Georyssidae, Dryopidae u. Heteroceridae. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.- Pétersbourg, Classe Physico-Mathematique 18: 11–52 + pl. 1B.

  • Zaitzev FA [Ph.] (1915) Les coléoptères aquatiques de la collection Motschulsky. I. Haliplidae, Dytiscidae, Gyrinidae. Ezegodnik Zoologiceskago Muzeja Akademii Nauk 20: 239–295.

  • Zaitzev FA [Ph.] (1953) Nasekomye zhestkokrylye. Plavuntsovye i vertyachki. Fauna SSSR, 4: 1–376.

  • Zetterstedt JW (1838) Insecta Lapponica. Sectio prima. Coleoptera, Orthoptera et Hemiptera. (L Voss, Lipsiae) 314 columns.

  • Zimmermann A (1919) Die Schwimmkäfer des Deutschen Entomologischen Museums in Berlin-Dahlem. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 83: 68–249.

  • Zimmermann A (1920) Dytiscidae, Haliplidae, Hygrobiidae, Amphizoidae. In: Schenkling, S. (Ed.): Coleopterorum Catalogus. Vol 4 pars 71 (W Junk, Berlin) pp 326.

  • Zimmermann A (1931) Monographie der paläarktischen Dytisciden, II Hydroporinae (2 Teil). Koleopterologische Rundschau 17: 97–159.

About the article

Received: 2012-06-19

Accepted: 2012-09-23

Published Online: 2012-11-19

Citation Information: DNA Barcodes, ISSN (Online) 2299-1077, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/dna-2012-0001. Export Citation

©2012 Versita Sp. z o.o.. This content is open access.

Supplementary Article Materials

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Erlend Fossen, Torbjørn Ekrem, Anders Nilsson, and Johannes Bergsten
ZooKeys, 2016, Volume 564, Page 71
Lars Hendrich, Jérôme Morinière, Gerhard Haszprunar, Paul D. N. Hebert, Axel Hausmann, Frank Köhler, and Michael Balke
Molecular Ecology Resources, 2015, Volume 15, Number 4, Page 795

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in