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Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie

Zweimonatsschrift der internationalen philosophischen Forschung

Ed. by Demmerling, Christoph / Esser, Andrea Marlen / Krüger, Hans-Peter / Menke, Christoph

6 Issues per year

CiteScore 2017: 0.05

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.116
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.050

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Volume 61, Issue 1


Über Eskalation

Dietmar Hübner
Published Online: 2013-04-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/dzph.2013.0003


Escalation is commonly understood as the constant aggravation of mutual sanctions between two conflicting parties. While escalations have been intensively explored within the empirical sciences, philosophy and ethics have scarcely touched upon the issue up to now. This paper tries to fill this gap by analysing the normative structure that underlies escalations and determines their psychosocial dynamics. The experience of injustice suffered by the opponent and a resulting desire to perform unjust acts of one’s own are highlighted as the essential ingredients of escalations. Against this background, the remarkable stability of escalating conflicts as well as certain paradoxical phenomena in escalating behaviour can both be satisfactorily reconstructed. Additionally, familiar aspects in the realisation of escalations can be better understood and new options for terminating escalations may be developed.

Keywords: escalation; injustice; retribution; social behaviour; vengeance

About the article

Published Online: 2013-04-08

Published in Print: 2013-04-01

Citation Information: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Zweimonatsschrift der internationalen philosophischen Forschung, Volume 61, Issue 1, Pages 43–67, ISSN (Print) 0012-1045, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1524/dzph.2013.0003.

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