Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …
NEW AT DE GRUYTER

Elenchos

Journal of Studies on Ancient Thought

Ed. by Alesse, Francesca / Chiaradonna, Riccardo / Spinelli, Emidio

Editorial Board: Aronadio, Francesco / Berti, Enrico / Brancacci, Aldo / Centrone, Bruno / Decleva Caizzi, Fernanda / Dorandi, Tiziano / Ioppolo, Anna Maria / Opsomer, Jan / Rashed, Marwan / Reydams-Schils, Gretchen / Sedley, David


CiteScore 2018: 0.22

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.111
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.522

Online
ISSN
2037-7177
See all formats and pricing
More options …

I pathe di Epicuro tra epistemologia ed etica

Francesco Verde
Published Online: 2018-11-24 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/elen-2018-0014

Abstract

The focus of this paper is the analysis of the epistemological and practical role played by pathe/affections in Epicurus’ philosophy. Epicurus firstly considered the affections not as emotional/passional conditions, but as firm criteria of truth and more specifically as the third criterion of the canonic (i.e. the epistemological part of his philosophical system). In this article the critical reactions (in particular by the Peripatetic side: Aristocles of Messene) against the Epicurean position about the function of the affections will be investigated too. Finally, two parts of this paper are devoted to the Cyrenaic tripartition of pathe (in all likelihood, a subject criticized by Epicurus) and to the probable doctrinal relationship between Epicurus’ pathe and Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics Book 2.

Keywords: Epicurus; affections; canonic; epistemology; ethics

Bibliografia

  • Annas, J. 1992. Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind, Berkeley/Los Angeles/Oxford, University of California Press.Google Scholar

  • Armstrong, D. 2008. “Be Angry and Sin Not»: Philodemus versus the Stoics on Natural Bites and Natural Emotions”, in Passions and Moral Progress in Greco-Roman Thought, ed. by J. T. Fitzgerald, London/New York, Routledge, 79‒121.Google Scholar

  • Arrighetti, G. 1973. (a cura di) Epicuro. Opere, Nuova edizione riveduta e ampliata, Torino, Einaudi.Google Scholar

  • Asmis, A. 1999. “Epicurean Epistemology”, in The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, ed. by K. Algra, J. Barnes, J. Mansfeld and M. Schofield, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 260‒294.Google Scholar

  • Bénatouïl, T. 2016. “Aristotle and the Stoa”, in Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristotle in Antiquity, ed. by A. Falcon, Leiden/Boston, Brill, 56‒75.Google Scholar

  • Boudon‒Millot, V. 2016. Galeno di Pergamo: Un medico greco a Roma, Trad. di M. L. Garofalo, Roma, Carocci (ed. or. Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 2012).Google Scholar

  • Chandler, C. 2018. “The Epicurean Understanding of Madness”, in Πολυμάθεια: Studi classici offerti a Mario Capasso, a cura di P. Davoli e N. Pellé, Lecce/Rovato, Pensa MultiMedia, 461‒479.Google Scholar

  • Chiesara, M. L. 2001. (ed.) Aristocles of Messene: Testimonies and Fragments, Oxford, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • Cornea, A. 2014. “Aristotle and Epicurus on Sensations, Falsity, and Truth”, Chora 12, 213‒228.Google Scholar

  • Corradi, M. 2016. “Πιθανολογεῖν tra Platone, Aristotele e Epicuro: Un dialogo metodologico a distanza”, in Testo e forme del testo: Ricerche di filologia filosofica, a cura di M. Tulli, Pisa-Roma, Fabrizio Serra Editore, 217‒256.Google Scholar

  • des Places, É. 1987. (éd.) Eusèbe de Césarée: La préparation évangélique, Livres XIV-XV, Paris, Éd. du Cerf.Google Scholar

  • Diano, C. 1974. Scritti epicurei, Firenze, Olschki.Google Scholar

  • Dorandi, T. 2015. “Epicureanism and Socratism: The Evidence on the Minor Socratics from the Herculaneum Papyri”, in From the Socratics to the Socratic Schools: Classical Ethics, Metaphysics and Epistemology, ed. by U. Zilioli, New York/London, Routledge, 168‒191.Google Scholar

  • Dorandi, T., Verde, F. 2019a. “PSI 1508”, in Corpus dei Papiri Filosofici: Papiri filosofici adespoti (CPF II.1), a cura di M. S. Funghi, Firenze, Olschki, di prossima pubblicazione.Google Scholar

  • Dorandi, T., Verde, F. 2019b. “P.Heid. inv. 1740r” in Corpus dei Papiri Filosofici: Papiri filosofici adespoti (CPF II.1), a cura di M. S. Funghi, Firenze, Olschki, di prossima pubblicazione.Google Scholar

  • Erler, M. 2010. “Νήφων λογιϲμόϲ: A proposito del contesto letterario e filosofico di una categoria fondamentale del pensiero epicureo”, Cronache Ercolanesi 40, 23‒29.Google Scholar

  • Gastaldi, S. 2014. (a cura di) Aristotele: Retorica, Roma, Carocci.Google Scholar

  • Giannantoni, G. 1958. I Cirenaici: Raccolta delle fonti antiche, traduzione e studio introduttivo, Firenze, Sansoni.Google Scholar

  • Giannantoni, G. 1990. (ed.) Socratis et Socraticorum Reliquiae, Volumen IV, Napoli, Bibliopolis.Google Scholar

  • Gigante, M. 1983. “Frammenti di Ippoboto: Contributo alla storia della storiografia filosofica”, in Omaggio a Piero Treves, a cura di A. Mastrocinque, Padova, Antenore, 151‒193.Google Scholar

  • Gigante, M., Schmid, W. 1977. (eds.) Hermannus Usener: Glossarium Epicureum, Roma, Edizioni dell’Ateneo & Bizzarri.Google Scholar

  • Gioè, A. 2002. (a cura di) Filosofi medioplatonici del II secolo d.C., Testimonianze e frammenti: Gaio, Albino, Lucio, Nicostrato, Tauro, Severo, Arpocrazione, Napoli, Bibliopolis.Google Scholar

  • Goulet, R. 1989. s.v. Antonius, in Dictionnaire des philosophes antiques, publié sous la direction de R. Goulet avec une Préface de P. Hadot, vol. I: Abam(m)on à Axiothéa, Paris, CNRS Éditions, 258.Google Scholar

  • Graver, M. R. 2007. Stoicism and Emotion, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • Gullino, S. 2014. Pathos, Prefazione di C. Rossitto, Milano, Edizioni Unicopli.Google Scholar

  • Hahmann, A. 2015. “Epikur über den Gegenstand der Wahrnehmung”, Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 97, 271‒307.Google Scholar

  • Harris, W. V. 2001. Restraining Rage: The Ideology of Anger Control in Classical Antiquity, Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

  • Heßler, J. E. 2014. (Hrsg.) Epikur: Brief an Menoikeus, Edition, Übersetzung, Einleitung und Kommentar, Basel, Schwabe Verlag.Google Scholar

  • Ierodiakonou, K. 2012. “The Notion of Enargeia in Hellenistic Philosophy”, in Episteme, etc.: Essay in Honour of Jonathan Barnes, edited by B. Morison and K. Ierodiakonou, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 60‒73.Google Scholar

  • Indelli, G., Tsouna–McKirahan, V. 1995. (eds.) [Philodemus], [On Choices and Avoidances], Napoli, Bibliopolis.Google Scholar

  • Ioppolo, A. M. 1995. “L’ὁρμὴ πλεονάζουσα nella dottrina stoica della passione”, Elenchos 16, 23‒55 (ora in Ead., Dibattiti filosofici ellenistici: Dottrina delle cause, Stoicismo, Accademia scettica, a cura di B. Centrone, R. Chiaradonna, D. Quarantotto, E. Spinelli, Sankt Augustin, Academia Verlag, 2013, 159‒180).Google Scholar

  • Kaufman, D. H. 2014. “Galen on the Therapy of Distress and the Limits of Emotional Therapy”, Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 47, 275‒296.Google Scholar

  • Keyser, P. T., Irby‒Massie, G. L. 2008. The Encyclopedia of Ancient Natural Scientists: The Greek Tradition and Its Many Heirs, London/New York, Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Konstan, D. 2006a. “The Concept of Emotion from Plato to Cicero”, Méthexis 19, 139‒151.Google Scholar

  • Konstan, D. 2006b. “Epicurean ‘Passions’ and the Good Life”, in The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics, ed. by B. Reis with the assistance of S. Haffmans, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 194‒205.Google Scholar

  • Konstan, D. 2007. Lucrezio e la psicologia epicurea, Trad. di I. Ramelli, Milano, Vita e Pensiero.Google Scholar

  • Konstan, D. 2013. “The Epicurean Attitude towards Grief”, in Lucretius: Poetry, Philosophy, Science, ed. by D. Lehoux, A. D. Morrison and A. Sharrock, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 193‒209.Google Scholar

  • Konstan, D. 2015. “Where in the Psyche Are Mental Pleasures Experienced?”, in Questioni epicuree, a cura di D. De Sanctis, E. Spinelli, M. Tulli, F. Verde, Sankt Augustin, Academia Verlag, 151‒158.Google Scholar

  • Laks, A. 1993. “Annicéris et les plaisirs psychiques: Quelques préalables doxographiques”, in Passions and Perceptions: Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind, Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium Hellenisticum, ed. by J. Brunschwig and M. C. Nussbaum, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 18‒49.Google Scholar

  • Lampe, K. 2015. The Birth of Hedonism: The Cyrenaic Philosophers and Pleasure as a Way of Life, Princeton/Oxford, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

  • Laurenti, R. 1989. Aristotele: Scritti sul piacere, Palermo, Aesthetica.Google Scholar

  • Laursen, S. 1995. “The Early Parts of Epicurus, On Nature, 25th Book”, Cronache Ercolanesi 25, 5‒109.Google Scholar

  • Laursen, S. 1997. “The Later Parts of Epicurus, On Nature, 25th Book”, Cronache Ercolanesi 27, 5‒82.Google Scholar

  • Lautner, P. 1989. “Das Verhältnis von pathos und aisthesis bei Epikur”, Acta Classica Universitatis Scientiarum Debreceniensis 25, 23‒27.Google Scholar

  • Leone, G. 2018. “Gli Epicurei e il buon raccolto dell’anima”, in Πολυμάθεια: Studi classici offerti a Mario Capasso, a cura di P. Davoli e N. Pellé, Lecce/Rovato, Pensa MultiMedia, 265‒286.Google Scholar

  • Liebersohn, Y. Z. 2015. “Epicurus’ ‘Kinetic’ and ‘Katastematic’ Pleasures: A Reappraisal”, Elenchos 36, 271‒296.Google Scholar

  • Manetti, G. 1987. Le teorie del segno nell’antichità classica, Milano, Bompiani.Google Scholar

  • Masi, F. G. 2006. Epicuro e la filosofia della mente: Il XXV libro dell’opera Sulla Natura, Sankt Augustin, Academia Verlag.Google Scholar

  • Maso, S. 2015. Grasp and Dissent: Cicero and Epicurean Philosophy, Turnhout, Brepols.Google Scholar

  • Migliori, M. et al. 2016. (a cura di) Aristotele: Organon, Milano, Bompiani.Google Scholar

  • Morel, P.-M. 2009. Épicure: La nature et la raison, Paris, Vrin.Google Scholar

  • Németh, A. 2017. Epicurus on the Self, London/New York, Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Nielsen, K. M. 2012. “The Nicomachean Ethics in Hellenistic Philosophy: A Hidden Treasure?”, in The Reception of Aristotle’s Ethics, ed. by J. Miller, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 5‒30.Google Scholar

  • Ossola, C. 2015. “Bernardum lactatum a Virgine fuisse”, Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei/Classe di scienze morali, storiche e filologiche 411, “Lectio brevis” Anno Accademico 2013‒2014, Roma, Bardi Edizioni, 613‒623.Google Scholar

  • Prost, F. 2012. “La mesure des affections dans l’épicurisme”, Pallas 88, 71‒81.Google Scholar

  • Radt, S. 2002a. Noch einmal zu… : Kleine Schriften von Stefan Radt zu seinem 75. Geburtstag, Hrsg. von A. Harder, R. Regtuit, P. Stork und G. Wakker, Leiden/Boston, Brill.Google Scholar

  • Radt, S. 2002b. “Οἱ περί τινα bei Strabon”, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 139, 46.Google Scholar

  • Rapp, C. 2006. “Interaction of Body and Soul: What the Hellenistic Philosophers Saw and Aristotle Avoided”, in Common to Body and Soul: Philosophical Approaches to Explaining Living Behaviour in Greco-Roman Antiquity, ed. by R. A. H. King, Berlin/New York, De Gruyter, 187‒208.Google Scholar

  • Reinhardt, T. 2008. “Epicurus and Lucretius on the Origins of Language”, The Classical Quarterly 58, 127‒140.Google Scholar

  • Roby, C. 2016. Technical Ekphrasis in Greek and Roman Science and Literature: The Written Machine between Alexandria and Rome, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Runia, D. T. 2018. “Epicurus and the Placita”, in Aëtiana IV: Papers of the Melbourne Colloquium on Ancient Doxography, ed. by J. Mansfeld and D. T. Runia, Leiden/Boston, Brill, 377‒432.Google Scholar

  • Sedley, D. 2017. “Epicurean versus Cyrenaic Happiness”, in Selfhood and the Soul: Essays on Ancient Thought and Literature in Honour of Christopher Gill, ed. by R. Seaford, J. Wilkins and M. E. Wright, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 89‒106.Google Scholar

  • Sill, G. M. 2001. The Cure of the Passions and the Origins of the English Novel, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Spinelli, E. 2016. “Epistemologie ellenistiche: Il problema del criterio”, in E. Spinelli (a cura di), Storia della filosofia antica, Direzione scientifica di M. Vegetti e F. Trabattoni, III: L’età ellenistica, Roma, Carocci, 169–196.Google Scholar

  • Spinelli, E., Verde, F. 2019. “«La rage du sage»: Philodème et la conception épicurienne de la colère”, di prossima pubblicazione.Google Scholar

  • Stevens, J. A. 2000. “Preliminary Impulse in Stoic Psychology”, Ancient Philosophy 20, 139–168.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Striker, G. 1996. “Following Nature: A Study in Stoic Ethics”, in Essays on Hellenistic Epistemology and Ethics, ed. by G. Striker, Cambridge/New York, Cambridge University Press, 221‒280.Google Scholar

  • Tsouna, V. 1998. The Epistemology of the Cyrenaic School, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Tsouna, V. 2016a. “Cyrenaics and Epicureans on Pleasure and the Good Life: The Original Debate and Its Later Revivals”, in Strategies of Polemics in Greek and Roman Philosophy, ed. by S. Weisser and N. Thaler, Leiden/Boston, Brill, 113‒149.Google Scholar

  • Tsouna, V. 2016b. “Epicurean Preconceptions”, Phronesis 61, 160‒221.Google Scholar

  • Verde, F. 2016a. “Aristotle and the Garden”, in Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Aristotle in Antiquity, ed. by A. Falcon, Leiden/Boston, Brill, 35‒55.Google Scholar

  • Verde, F. 2016b. “Percezione, errore e residuo percettivo in Aristotele, Epicuro e Alessandro di Afrodisia”, Giornale Critico della Filosofia Italiana 97, 44‒62.Google Scholar

  • Verde, F. 2016c. “Epicuro nella testimonianza di Cicerone: La dottrina del criterio”, in Testo e forme del testo: Ricerche di filologia filosofica, a cura di M. Tulli, Pisa/Roma, Fabrizio Serra Editore, 335‒368.Google Scholar

  • Verde, F. 2017. “Gli Epicurei e la psicologia di Epicuro”, in Studi su ellenismo e filosofia romana, a cura di F. Alesse, A. Fermani, S. Maso, Roma, Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 33‒64.Google Scholar

  • Verde, F. 2018. “Ancora sullo statuto veritativo della sensazione in Epicuro”, in Hellenistic Theories of Knowledge, Lexicon Philosophicum, Special Issue, 2018, ed by F. Verde, M. Catapano, di prossima pubblicazione.Google Scholar

  • Verde, F. 2019. “The Partition of the Soul: Epicurus, Demetrius Lacon, and Diogenes of Oinoanda”, in The Metaphysics of the Soul: Proceedings of the XIV Symposium Hellenisticum, ed. by B. Inwood and J. Warren, di prossima pubblicazione.Google Scholar

  • Viano, C. 2016. “Materia e causa materiale delle passioni: Aristotele e la definizione fisica della collera”, in Materia e causa materiale in Aristotele e oltre, a cura di C. Viano, Roma, Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 61‒76.Google Scholar

  • Warren, J. 2013. “Epicureans and Cyrenaics on Pleasure as a Pathos”, in Épicurisme et Scepticisme, a cura di S. Marchand, F. Verde, Roma, Sapienza Università Editrice, 85‒103.Google Scholar

  • Warren, J. 2014. The Pleasures of Reason in Plato, Aristotle, and the Hellenistic Hedonists, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • White, S. 2004. “Lyco and Hieronymus on the Good Life”, in Lyco of Troas and Hieronymus of Rhodes: Text, Translation, and Discussion, ed. by W. W. Fortenbaugh and S. White, New Brunswick, Transaction Publishers, 389‒409.Google Scholar

  • Zilioli, U. 2012. The Cyrenaics, Durham, Acumen.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-11-24

Published in Print: 2018-11-30


Citation Information: Elenchos, Volume 39, Issue 2, Pages 205–230, ISSN (Online) 2037-7177, ISSN (Print) 0392-7342, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/elen-2018-0014.

Export Citation

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in