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How do companies envisage the future? Functional foresight approaches

Anna Kononiuk
  • Corresponding author
  • Bialystok University of Technology, Faculty of Engineering Management, Wiejska 45A, 15-001 Białystok, Poland
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  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Anna Sacio-Szymańska / Judit Gáspár
  • Corvinus University of Budapest, Faculty of Business Administration, Institute of Business Economics, Department of Decision Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-01-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/emj-2017-0028


The main aim of the paper is to present the synthesis of the results of methodological analysis conducted on examples of foresight projects executed in chosen companies representing four companies type: small and medium-sized enterprise (SME), nonprofit- organization, international corporations and consulting companies as well as to posit functional approach for the implementation of foresight research within organizations. The empirical part of the study is based on the qualitative approach. A multiple case study methodology is employed. The research objects are sixteen companies experienced in foresight research. The first part of the paper gives an overview of definitions of corporate foresight and the analysis of background that have influence on the conducting of foresight in large multinational companies on one side and SMEs on the other side. In the field of the theory of foresight research, the study demonstrates that there are different motivations for foresight introduction as well as different organizational structure of teams conducting the activities and the approaches that they use. In the practical perspective, the study and a detailed functional foresight approach proposed by authors could be valuable for SMEs who consider implementing foresight research into their strategic planning processes.

Keywords: corporate foresight; strategic foresight; foresight in/for business; small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs); functional approach


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About the article

Received: 2017-04-15

Accepted: 2017-11-05

Published Online: 2018-01-23

Published in Print: 2017-12-20

Citation Information: Engineering Management in Production and Services, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 21–33, ISSN (Online) 2543-912X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/emj-2017-0028.

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© 2018. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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