Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Engineering

formerly Central European Journal of Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Ritter, William

CiteScore 2017: 0.70

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.211
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.787

ICV 2017: 100.00

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Numerical investigation on composite material marine current turbine using CFD

Jifeng Wang / Norbert Müller
Published Online: 2011-10-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13531-011-0033-6


A novel manufacturing approach similar to filament winding has been developed and automated and is able to produce the Composite Material Marine Current Turbines (CMMCT), which have significant advantages over traditional designs. This paper presents numerical results to investigate the performance of these turbines. The numerical approach was performed using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) in a free stream of water with various hydrodynamic flow conditions. Static torque, extracted power and power coefficient were calculated at different rotating speeds in a free stream with various hydrodynamics flow conditions. The power coefficient of CMMCT was compared to that of traditional current turbines. The calculated results will provide a fundamental understanding of the impeller as a water turbine, and this design method is used to shorten the design process and improve the water turbine’s performance.

Keywords: Marine current turbine; CFD; Composite material; Extracted power; Power coefficient

  • [1] Bahaj A.S., Batten W.M.J., McCann G., Experimental verifications of numerical predictions of the hydrodynamic performance of horizontal axis marine current turbines, Renewable Energy 32 (2007) 2479–2490 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.10.001CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Ponta F.L., Jacovkis P.M., Marine-current power generation by diffuser-augmented floating hydroturbines, Renewable Energy 33 (2008) 665–673 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.04.008Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Bahaj A.S., Myers L.E., Fundamentals applicable to the utilisation of marine cuurent turbines for energy production, Renewable Energy 28 (2003) 2205–2211 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-1481(03)00103-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Marsh G., Tidal turbine harnesses the power of the sea, Renewable Energy Focus magazine, June 2004 Google Scholar

  • [5] Li Q., Wang J., Müller N., On the Realization of Filament Wound Composite Impeller for Water Refrigerant, ASME paper IMECE2009-12786 Google Scholar

  • [6] Wang J., Patil M., Müller N., Failure analysis of composite impeller using ABAQUS, USNCTAM2010-708 Google Scholar

  • [7] Wang J., Müller N., CFD analysis of composite axial water turbine, ASME paper POWER 2010-27157 Google Scholar

  • [8] Eyler A., Müller N., Simulation and production of wound impellers. In: ASME-IMECE paper 2008-51310; 2008 Google Scholar

  • [9] Wang J., Vagani M., Müller N., Design of composite water turbine in free stream using CFD, ASME paper IMECE 2010-39763 Google Scholar

  • [10] Čarija Z., Mrša Z., Fućak S., Validation of Francis Water Turbine CFD Simulations, Strojarstvo 50(1) (2008) 5–14 Google Scholar

  • [11] Bridgeman J., Jefferson B., Parsons S.A., Computational fluid dynamics modeling of flocculation in water treatment: a review. Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics Vol.3, No.2, (2009) 220–241 Google Scholar

  • [12] Thakker A., Dhanasekaran T.S., Experimental and computational analysis on guide vane losses of impulse turbine for wave energy conversion, Renewable Energy 30 (2005) 1359–1372 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2004.10.013CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] Ankamma Rao D., Sivashanmugam P., Experimental and CFD simulation studies on power consumption in mixing using energy saving turbine agitator, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 16 (2010) 157–161 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2010.01.002Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Saeed R., Galybin A., Popov V., Modelling of flowinduced stresses in a Francis turbine runner, Advances in Engineering Softwares, 41 (2010) 1245–1255 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.advengsoft.2010.09.001CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Hansen M., Sorensen N., Flay R., Effect of placing a diffuser around a wind turbine, Wind Energ. 2003, 207–213 Google Scholar

  • [16] Gorban A., Gorlov A., Silantyev V., Limits of the turbine efficiency for free fluid flow, Journal of Energy Resource Technology, Vol.123, 2001 Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2011-10-13

Published in Print: 2011-12-01

Citation Information: Open Engineering, Volume 1, Issue 4, Pages 334–340, ISSN (Online) 2391-5439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13531-011-0033-6.

Export Citation

© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

M. Nataraj and R. Ragoth Singh
Desalination and Water Treatment, 2014, Volume 52, Number 34-36, Page 6822
Ji-feng Wang, Janusz Piechna, and Norbert Müller
Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A, 2013, Volume 14, Number 1, Page 25
Jifeng Wang, Blake Gower, and Norbert Müller
Open Engineering, 2013, Volume 3, Number 1
Jifeng Wang, Janusz Piechna, and Norbert Müller
Journal of Solar Energy Engineering, 2012, Volume 135, Number 1, Page 011008
Ji-feng WANG, Janusz PIECHNA, and Norbert MÜLLER
Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B, 2012, Volume 24, Number 1, Page 11

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in