Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Engineering

formerly Central European Journal of Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Ritter, William

1 Issue per year

CiteScore 2017: 0.70

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.211
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.787

ICV 2017: 100.00

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

The method of assessment of the grinding wheel cutting ability in the plunge grinding

Krzysztof Nadolny
  • Department of Production Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Koszalin University of Technology, Racławicka 15-17, 75-620, Koszalin, Poland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-07-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13531-012-0005-5


This article presents the method of comparative assessment of the grinding wheel cutting ability in the plunge grinding kinematics. A new method has been developed to facilitate multicriterial assessment of the working conditions of the abrasive grains and the bond bridges, as well as the wear mechanisms of the GWAS, which occur during the grinding process, with simultaneous limitation of the workshop tests range. The work hereby describes the methodology of assessment of the grinding wheel cutting ability in a short grinding test that lasts for 3 seconds, for example, with a specially shaped grinding wheel, in plunge grinding. The grinding wheel macrogeometry modification applied in the developed method consists in forming a cone or a few zones of various diameters on its surface in the dressing cut. It presents an exemplary application of two variants of the method in the internal cylindrical plunge grinding, in 100Cr6 steel. Grinding wheels with microcrystalline corundum grains and ceramic bond underwent assessment. Analysis of the registered machining results showed greater efficacy of the method of cutting using a grinding wheel with zones of various diameters. The method allows for comparative tests upon different grinding wheels, with various grinding parameters and different machined materials.

Keywords: Plunge grinding; Internal cylindrical grinding; Grinding wheel wear; Microcrystalline sintered corundum; Glass-crystalline bond

  • [1] Webster J., Tricard M., Innovations in abrasive products for precision grinding, CIRP ANN, 2004, 2, 597–617 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)60031-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Malkin S., Guo C., Grinding Technology: The Way Things Can Work: Theory and Applications of Machining with Abrasives, Industrial Press, New York, 2008 Google Scholar

  • [3] Klocke F., Manufacturing Processes 2: Grinding, Honing, Lapping, Springler-Verlag, Berlin, 2009 Google Scholar

  • [4] Rowe W.B., Principles of Modern Grinding Technology William Andrew, Burlington, 2009 Google Scholar

  • [5] Jackson M.J., Davim J.P., Machining with Abrasives, Springer, New York, 2010 Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Słowinski B., Nadolny K., Effective manufacturing method for automated inside diameter grinding, J. Adv. Mech. Des. Sys. & Manuf., 2007, 4, 472–480 Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Nadolny K., Plichta J., Herman D., Słowinski B., Single-Pass Grinding — An Effective Manufacturing Method for Finishing, In: Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Systems Engineering — ICSENG 2008, (August 19–21, Las Vegas USA), University of Nevada, 2008, 236–241 Google Scholar

  • [8] Marinescu I. D., Rowe W. B., Dimitrov B., Inasaki I., Tribology of abrasive machining processes, William Andrew, Norwich, 2004 Google Scholar

  • [9] Xu X., Yu Y., Huang H., Mechanisms of abrasive wear in the grinding of Titanium (TC4) and Nickel (K417) alloys, WEAR, 2003, 255, 1421–1426 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00163-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Jackson M.J., Microscale wear of vitrified abrasive materials, J. Mater. Sci., 2004, 39, 2131–2143 http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:JMSC.0000017776.67999.86CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] Mayer J., Engelhorn R., Bot R., Weirich T., Herwartz C., Klocke F., Wear characteristics of second-phase-reinforced sol-gel corundum abrasives, Acta Mater., 2006, 54, 3605–3615 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2006.03.049CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Wamecke G., Rosenberger U., Milberg J., Basics of Process Parameter Selection in Grinding of Advanced Ceramics, CIRP ANN, 1995, 44, 283–286 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)62326-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] Qu W., Wang K., Miller M.H., Huang Y., Chandra A., Using vibration-assisted grinding to reduce subsurface damage. PREC ENG, 2000, 24, 329–337 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0141-6359(00)00043-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Brinksmeler E., Glwerzew A., Chip Formation Mechanisms in Grinding at Low Speeds, CIRP ANN, 2003, 52, 253–258 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0007-8506(07)60578-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Hamdi H., Dursapt M., Zahouani H., Characterization of abrasive grain’s behavior and wear mechanisms. WEAR, 2003, 254, 1294–1298 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00158-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] Ichida Y., Mechanical properties and grinding performance of ultrafine-crystalline cBN abrasive grains, Diamond Relat. Mater., 2008, 17, 1791–1795 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2008.01.076CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] Xu L-M, Xu K-Z, Chai Y-D, Identification of grinding wheel wear signature by a wavelet packet decomposition method, J. Shanghai Jiaotong Univ. (SCI), 2010, 15, 323–328 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12204-010-1011-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] Ding W.F., Xu J.H., Chen Z.Z., Su H.H, Fu Y.C., Grain wear of brazed polycrystalline CBN abrasive tools during constant-force grinding Ti-6Al-4V alloy, Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Tech., 2011, 52, 969–976 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00170-010-2777-1CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [19] Gołąbczak A., Koziarski T., Assessment method of cutting ability of CBN grinding wheels, Int J Of Mach Tools Manuf, 2005, 45, 1256–1260 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2005.01.008CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] Nadolny K., Plichta J., Procedure of examination of the grinding wheel’s cutting ability, Polish Patent Application No. 395409, 2011 Google Scholar

  • [21] Herman D., Plichta J., Karpinski T., Effect of glass-crystalline and amorphous binder application to abrasive tools made of microcrystalline alumina grains type SG, WEAR, 1997, 209, 213–218 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(96)07356-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Herman D., Glass and glass-ceramic binder obtained from waste material for binding alundum abrasive grains into grinding wheels, CERAM INT, 1998, 24, 515–520 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0272-8842(97)00050-3CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Herman D., Markul J., Influence of microstructures of binder and abrasive grain on selected operational properties of ceramic grinding wheels made of alumina. Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf., 2004, 44, 511–522 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2003.10.026CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [24] Nadolny K., Device for shaping of conic chamfer on grinding wheels surface for small angular values, Polish Patent Application No. 388765, 2009 Google Scholar

  • [25] Nadolny K., Kapłonek W., Design of a Device for Precision Shaping of Grinding Wheel Macro- and Microgeometry, J. Cent. South Univ. T, 2012, 19, 135–143 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11771-012-0982-9Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-07-01

Published in Print: 2012-09-01

Citation Information: Open Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 399–409, ISSN (Online) 2391-5439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13531-012-0005-5.

Export Citation

© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

K. Nadolny, W. Sienicki, and M. Wojtewicz
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 2015, Volume 15, Number 1, Page 71
Wojciech Kapłonek and Krzysztof Nadolny
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 2013, Volume 35, Number 3, Page 207

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in