Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Engineering

formerly Central European Journal of Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Ritter, William

CiteScore 2018: 0.91

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.211
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.655

ICV 2018: 121.06

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

A case study of a novel ducted composite material marine current turbine

Jifeng Wang / Blake Gower / Norbert Müller
Published Online: 2012-12-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13531-012-0037-x


Advanced composite materials are widely used as marine current turbines due to their high strength-to-weight ratios and excellent resistance to corrosion. A novel manufacturing approach similar to filament winding has been developed and is able to produce the Composite Material Marine Current Turbines (CMMCTs) that have significant advantages over traditional designs. This paper presents numerical results investigating the performance of ducted CMMCTs. The numerical approach was performed using CFD in a free stream of water with various hydrodynamic flow conditions. The investigation results provide an insight into the hydrodynamic design and operation of CMMCTs.

Keywords: Marine current energy; Composite material; Ducted turbine; CFD

  • [1] Tan H., Li Y., Tuo H., Zhou M., et al. Experimental study on liquid/solid phase change for cold energy storage of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) refrigerated vehicle, Energy, vol. 35, 1927–1935, 2010 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2010.01.006CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Tuo H., Bielskus A., Hrnjak P., Effect of Flash Gas Bypass on the Performance of R134a Mobile Air-Conditioning System with Microchannel Evaporator, SAE Int. J. Mater. Manuf, vol. 4, 231–239, 2011 Google Scholar

  • [3] Kamat P., Meeting the Clean Energy Demand: Nanostructure Architectures for Solar Energy Conversion, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 111, 2834–2860, 2007 http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp066952uWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Bahaj A.S., Batten W.M.J., McCann G., Experimental verifications of numerical predictions for the hydrodynamic performance of horizontal axis marine cur rent turbines, Renewable Energy, vol. 32, 2479–2490, 2007 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.10.001CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Ponta F.L., Jacovkis P.M., Marine-current power generation by diffuser-aug mented floating hydro turbines, Renewable Energy, vol. 33, 665–673, 2008 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.04.008Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Resch G., Held A., Faber T., Panzer C., et al. Potentials and prospects for renewable energies at global scale, Energy Policy, vol. 36, 4048–4056, 2008 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2008.06.029CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Khan M.J., Bhuyan G., LQBAL M.T., Quaicoe J.E., Hydrokinetic energy conversion systems and assessment of horizontal and vertical axis turbines for river and tidal applications: A technology status review, Applied Energy, vol. 86, 1823–1835, 2009 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.02.017Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Ashuri T., Bussel G., Mieras S., Development and validation of a computational model for design analysis of a novel marine turbine, Wind Energy, 2012 Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Bahaj A.S., Myers L.E., Fundamentals applicable to the utilisation of marine current turbines for energy production, Renewable Energy, vol. 28, 2205–2211, 2003 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-1481(03)00103-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Wang J., Müller N., Numerical investigation on composite material marine current turbine using CFD, Central European Journal of Engineering, vol. 1, 334–340, 2011 http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s13531-011-0033-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] Wang J., Piechna J., Müller N., A novel design of composite water turbine using CFD, Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B, vol. 24, 11–16, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6058(11)60213-8Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Wang J., Piechna J., Müller N., A Novel Design and Preliminary Investigation of Composite Material Marine Current Turbine, Archive of Mechanical Engineering, 355–366, 2011 Google Scholar

  • [13] Čarija Z., Mrsa Z., FuÄĞak S., Validation of Francis Water Turbine CFD Simulations, vol. 50, 5–14, 2008 Google Scholar

  • [14] Ankamma Rao D., Sivashanmugam P., Experimental and CFD simulation studies on power consumption in mixing using energy saving turbine agitator, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 16, 157–161, 2010 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2010.01.002Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Wang J., Piechna J., Yu Q., Müller N., Numerical Study on Composite Material Marine Current Turbine Under Various Hydrodynamic Conditions, ASME Conference Proceedings, ES2011-54643, 1279–1284, 2011 Google Scholar

  • [16] Wang J., Müller N., Performance prediction of array arrangement on ducted Composite Material Marine Current Turbines (CMMCTs), Ocean Engineering, vol. 41, 21–26, 2012 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2011.12.023Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] Fluent User Guide 6.2 Google Scholar

  • [18] Amir Hossein Birjandi E.B., Reynolds Number effects on the Freewheeling behavior of a high solidity vertical river kinetic turbine, IMECE2010-39487, 2010 Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-12-29

Published in Print: 2013-03-01

Citation Information: Open Engineering, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 80–86, ISSN (Online) 2391-5439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13531-012-0037-x.

Export Citation

© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

i-manager’s Journal on Mechanical Engineering, 2017, Volume 7, Number 2, Page 7

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in