Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Engineering

formerly Central European Journal of Engineering

Editor-in-Chief: Ritter, William

1 Issue per year


CiteScore 2017: 0.70

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.211
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.787

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-5439
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Potential of Cognitive Computing and Cognitive Systems

Ahmed K. Noor
Published Online: 2014-11-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/eng-2015-0008

Abstract

Cognitive computing and cognitive technologies are game changers for future engineering systems, as well as for engineering practice and training. They are major drivers for knowledge automation work, and the creation of cognitive products with higher levels of intelligence than current smart products. This paper gives a brief review of cognitive computing and some of the cognitive engineering systems activities. The potential of cognitive technologies is outlined, along with a brief description of future cognitive environments, incorporating cognitive assistants - specialized proactive intelligent software agents designed to follow and interact with humans and other cognitive assistants across the environments. The cognitive assistants engage, individually or collectively, with humans through a combination of adaptive multimodal interfaces, and advanced visualization and navigation techniques. The realization of future cognitive environments requires the development of a cognitive innovation ecosystem for the engineering workforce. The continuously expanding major components of the ecosystem include integrated knowledge discovery and exploitation facilities (incorporating predictive and prescriptive big data analytics); novel cognitive modeling and visual simulation facilities; cognitive multimodal interfaces; and cognitive mobile and wearable devices. The ecosystem will provide timely, engaging, personalized / collaborative, learning and effective decision making. It will stimulate creativity and innovation, and prepare the participants to work in future cognitive enterprises and develop new cognitive products of increasing complexity.

http://www.aee.odu.edu/cognitivecomp

Keywords : Cognitive computing; Cognitive systems; Cognitive products

References

  • [1] Kelly J. , A new era of computing, IBM Investor Briefing, 2012, http://www.ibm.com/investor/events/investor0512/ presentation/09_Research.pdf. Google Scholar

  • [2] Kelly J. E., Hamm S., Smart machines: IBM’s Watson and the era of cognitive computing, Columbia University Press, New York, 2013, http://www.amazon.com/Smart- Machines-Cognitive-Computing-Publishing/dp/023116856X/ ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1393450316&sr=1- 1&keywords=cognitive+computing. Google Scholar

  • [3] Gill D., The new era of cognitive computing, https://www. youtube.com/watch?v=KiihVEcj-lY. Google Scholar

  • [4] Wladawsky-Berger I., The era of cognitive computing, 1 July 2013, http://blog.irvingwb.com/blog/2013/07/the-dawn-of-anew- era-in-computing.html. Google Scholar

  • [5] Modha D. S. et al., Cognitive computing, Communications of ACM, 54, August 2011, 62-71, http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm? id=1978559&bnc=1. Google Scholar

  • [6] Reynolds H., Feldman S., Cognitive computing: Beyond the hype, KM World, 27 June 2014, http://www.kmworld.com/ Articles/News/News-Analysis/Cognitive-computing-Beyondthe- hype-97685.aspx. Google Scholar

  • [7] Hof R. D., Neuromorphic chips, MIT Technology review, 117, 2014, 54-57, http://readingpack.com/article/?i= 617f509ed7e30954522a5fe846c379b00cdc7ac6. Google Scholar

  • [8] Hasler J.,Marr B., Finding a roadmap to achieve large neuromorphic hardware systems, Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2013, 7, 1- 29, http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fnins.2013. 00118/full. Google Scholar

  • [9] Greenemeier L., Brain-Inspired computing reaches a new milestone, Scientific American blogs, 7 August 2014, http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2014/ 08/07/brain-inspired-computing-reaches-a-new-milestone/. Google Scholar

  • [10] Frommberger L., Freska C., From Smart materials to cognitive materials – requirements and challenges, Proceedings 10th Biannual Meeting of the German Society for Cognitive Science (KogWis 2010), Eds. Johannes, H. et al., Universitätsverlag Potsdam, 2010, 103-104, http://cosy.informatik.uni-bremen. de/sites/default/files/u11/CognitiveMaterials.pdf. Google Scholar

  • [11] Lehmhus D., Lang W., Bosse S., Material-Integrated Sensing and Intelligent Systems. A review, EPoSS Annual Forum, Cork, September 2013. http://www.smart-systems-integration. org/public/documents/presentations/presentations-atthe- joint-event-mnbs-2013-and-eposs-general-assemblyannual- forum-2013/eposs-annual-forum-2013-26-september- 2013/3-2_Dirk%20Lehmhus_ISIS_Material-Integrated% 20Sensing%20and%20Intelligent%20Systems.pdf. Google Scholar

  • [12] Ishiguro H., Osaka M., Fujikado T., Asada M. (eds.), Cognitive neuroscience robotics: synthetic approaches to human understanding, Springer-VerlagGmbH, 2014, http://cosy.informatik.uni-bremen.de/sites/default/files/ u11/CognitiveMaterials.pdf. Google Scholar

  • [13] Domenico P., Future robots: towards a robotic science of human beings, John Benjamins Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 2014, http://books.google.com/books?id=DDTOAwAAQBAJ& pg=PA482&dq=cognitive+robotics+2014&hl=en&sa=X& ei=J2PzU8DGGdHfsATpwYCIBw&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v= onepage&q=cognitive%20robotics%202014&f=false. Google Scholar

  • [14] Gadsden S. A., Habibi S. R., The future of automobiles: cognitive cars, Proceedings of 22nd Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics (CANCAM), Halifax, Nova Scotia, 2009, 111-112, http://www.coreng.ca/gadsden_publications/gadsden_conf_ 005.pdf. Google Scholar

  • [15] Calem R. E., Cognitive cars, i3 it is innovation, 18 September 2013, http://www.ce.org/i3/Features/2013/September- October/Cognitive-Cars.aspx. Google Scholar

  • [16] Bannat A. et.al., Artificial cognition in production systems, IEEE Transactions on automation science and engineering, 8, January 2011, 148-174, http://www6.in.tum.de/Main/ Publications/Bannat2010a.pdf. Google Scholar

  • [17] Zaeh M. F. et al, The cognitive factory, in Changeable and Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems, Elmaraghy H. (ed), Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing, 2009, 355-371, http://link. springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-84882-067-8_20. Google Scholar

  • [18] Jefferies N., Next generation wireless for a cognitive and energy eflcient future, presented at the ETSI future mobile summit, Mandelieu, France, 21 November 2013, http://docbox.etsi.org/ Workshop/2013/201311_FUTUREMOBILESUMMIT/05_WWRF_ JEFFERIES.pdf. Google Scholar

  • [19] Meghanathan N., Reddy Y. B., Cognitive radio technology applications for wireless and mobile Ad Hoc networks, IGI global, 2013, http://www.igi-global.com/book/cognitiveradio- technology-applications-wireless/74190#table-ofcontents. Google Scholar

  • [20] Haque J. et al, Cognitive aeronautical communication system, International Journal of Interdisciplinary Telecommunications and Networking, 3, January-March 2011, 20-35, http://www. irma-international.org/viewtitle/52982/. Google Scholar

  • [21] Lintern G., The Airspace as a cognitive system, The international journal of aviation psychology, Taylor and Francis group, LLC, 2011, DOI: 10.1080/10508414.2011.537556, http://www.cognitivesystemsdesign.net/Papers/Lintern% 20(2011)%20The%20Airspace%20as%20a%20Cognitive% 20System.pdf. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Goel A., Swaroop V., Wiltgen B., Helms M., Cognitive, collaborative, conceptual and creative – four characteristics of the next generation of knowledge-based CAD systems: A study in biologically inspired design, Computer-Aided Design, 2012, 44, 879-900, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/ pii/S0010448511000820 Google Scholar

  • [23] Metzler T., Shea K., Cognitive products: Definition and framework, International Design Conference – Design 2010 (17- 20 May 2010, Dubrovnik, Croatia), 2010, 865-874, http:// mediatum.ub.tum.de/doc/1167283/1167283.pdf Google Scholar

  • [24] Abramovici M., Stark R. (Eds.), Smart Product Engineering, Proceedings of the 23rd CIRP Design conference, Lecture Notes in Production Engineering, Bochum, Germany, 11-13 March 2013, Springer, Berlin, 2013, http://link.springer.com/book/ 10.1007%2F978-3-642-30817-8. Google Scholar

  • [25] Lee J.D., Kirlik A. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of cognitive engineering, Oxford University Press, New York, 2013, http: //global.oup.com/academic/product/the-oxford-handbookof- cognitive-engineering-9780199757183;jsessionid= D4E6F752E381F1A74F36826D6C412CDB?cc=us&lang=en&#. Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2014-08-27

Accepted: 2014-10-29

Published Online: 2014-11-27


Citation Information: Open Engineering, Volume 5, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5439, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/eng-2015-0008.

Export Citation

©2015 Ahmed K. Noor . This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in