Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

e-Polymers

Editor-in-Chief: Agarwal, Seema


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 1.491

CiteScore 2018: 1.31

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.311
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.432

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1618-7229
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 1, Issue 1

Issues

Volume 13 (2013)

Volume 12 (2012)

Volume 11 (2011)

Volume 10 (2010)

Volume 9 (2009)

Volume 8 (2008)

Volume 7 (2007)

Volume 6 (2006)

Volume 5 (2005)

Volume 4 (2004)

Volume 3 (2003)

Volume 2 (2002)

Volume 1 (2001)

Liquid crystalline elastomers as artificial muscles

Hendrik Wermter
  • Institut für Makromolekulare Chemie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Str. 31, 79104 Freiburg, Germany; Fax +49 761 203 6306
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Heino Finkelmann
  • Corresponding author
  • Institut für Makromolekulare Chemie, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Stefan-Meier-Str. 31, 79104 Freiburg, Germany; Fax +49 761 203 6306
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-08-31 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/epoly.2001.1.1.111

Abstract

New nematic co-elastomers were synthesized which consist of a combination of nematic side- and main-chain polymers and where the liquid crystalline main-chain polymer can be considered as a macromolecular crosslinking component. By applying a mechanical field during the crosslinking process, the director of the nematic phase becomes macroscopically uniformly aligned and liquid-single-crystal elastomers were obtained. Within a narrow temperature regime, these networks can change their shape in one dimension by a factor > 3 and considerably improve the ability of being used as artificial muscles or mechanical actuators compared to the well known nematic side-chain elastomers. Networks having a non-ordered polydomain structure exhibit “soft (or semi-soft) elasticity” which is not only determined by a director reorientation process. Obviously, hairpin conformations within the main-chain segments contribute to this effect.

About the article

Published Online: 2013-08-31

Published in Print: 2001-12-01


Citation Information: e-Polymers, Volume 1, Issue 1, 013, ISSN (Online) 1618-7229, ISSN (Print) 2197-4586, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/epoly.2001.1.1.111.

Export Citation

© 2013 by Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co..Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
Yuanhang Guo, Jieun Lee, Jinha Son, Suk-kyun Ahn, Jan-Michael Y. Carrillo, and Bobby G. Sumpter
Macromolecules, 2019
[2]
Ze-Ping Liu, Xiao-Zhi He, Yue-Hua Cong, Bao-Yan Zhang, Fan-Bao Meng, Mei Tian, and Ying-Gang Jia
Liquid Crystals, 2019, Page 1
[3]
Tyler Guin, Michael J. Settle, Benjamin A. Kowalski, Anesia D. Auguste, Richard V. Beblo, Gregory W. Reich, and Timothy J. White
Nature Communications, 2018, Volume 9, Number 1
[4]
Mohadeseh Zare, Molamma P. Prabhakaran, Nader Parvin, and Seeram Ramakrishna
Chemical Engineering Journal, 2019, Volume 374, Page 706
[5]
Casper L. van Oosten, Cees W. M. Bastiaansen, and Dirk J. Broer
Nature Materials, 2009, Volume 8, Number 8, Page 677
[6]
Hyun Kim, John Gibson, Jimin Maeng, Mohand O. Saed, Krystine Pimentel, Rashed T. Rihani, Joseph J. Pancrazio, Stavros V. Georgakopoulos, and Taylor H. Ware
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2019, Volume 11, Number 21, Page 19506
[7]
Elizabeth A. Bernhardt, Chad M. Garrison, Nathan F. Rasmussen, Joseph T. Lanska, and Mark G. Kuzyk
American Journal of Physics, 2018, Volume 86, Number 12, Page 943
[8]
Sabina W. Ula, Nicholas A. Traugutt, Ross H. Volpe, Ravi R. Patel, Kai Yu, and Christopher M. Yakacki
Liquid Crystals Reviews, 2018, Volume 6, Number 1, Page 78
[9]
Eser Metin Akinoglu, Laurens T. de Haan, Songru Li, Zhike Xian, Lingling Shui, Jinwei Gao, Guofu Zhou, and Michael Giersig
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018
[10]
Rashed Rihani, Hyun Kim, Bryan Black, Rahul Atmaramani, Mohand Saed, Joseph Pancrazio, and Taylor Ware
Micromachines, 2018, Volume 9, Number 8, Page 416
[12]
Taylor H. Ware, Michael E. McConney, Jeong Jae Wie, Vincent P. Tondiglia, and Timothy J. White
Science, 2015, Volume 347, Number 6225, Page 982
[13]
R. Köhler, R. Stannarius, C. Tolksdorf, and R. Zentel
Applied Physics A, 2005, Volume 80, Number 2, Page 381
[14]
Tristan Hessberger, Lukas B. Braun, and Rudolf Zentel
Advanced Functional Materials, 2018, Page 1800629
[15]
Marianne Prévôt, Senay Ustunel, and Elda Hegmann
Materials, 2018, Volume 11, Number 3, Page 377
[16]
James D. Carrico, Tom Tyler, and Kam K. Leang
International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials, 2017, Volume 8, Number 4, Page 144
[17]
Yang Zhang and Yongzhong Huo
International Journal of Solids and Structures, 2017
[18]
Cedric P. Ambulo, Julia J. Burroughs, Jennifer M. Boothby, Hyun Kim, M. Ravi Shankar, and Taylor H. Ware
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2017
[19]
Takashi Kato, Junya Uchida, Takahiro Ichikawa, and Bartolome Soberats
Polymer Journal, 2017
[20]
N. A. Traugutt, R. H. Volpe, M. S. Bollinger, M. O. Saed, A. H. Torbati, K. Yu, Natalia Dadivanyan, and C. M. Yakacki
Soft Matter, 2017
[22]
Yuchang Wang, Xuezhen Huang, Jianqi Zhang, Meng Bi, Jindi Zhang, Hongyan Niu, Chensha Li, Haifeng Yu, Binsong Wang, and Hongrui Jiang
Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 2017, Volume 650, Number 1, Page 13
[23]
[24]
Hyun Kim, Jennifer M. Boothby, Sarvesh Ramachandran, Cameron D. Lee, and Taylor H. Ware
Macromolecules, 2017, Volume 50, Number 11, Page 4267
[25]
Tristan Hessberger, Lukas Braun, and Rudolf Zentel
Polymers, 2016, Volume 8, Number 12, Page 410
[26]
Oleksandr Dolynchuk, Igor Kolesov, Dieter Jehnichen, Uta Reuter, Hans-Joachim Radusch, and Jens-Uwe Sommer
Macromolecules, 2017, Volume 50, Number 10, Page 3841
[27]
Lindsey Hines, Kirstin Petersen, Guo Zhan Lum, and Metin Sitti
Advanced Materials, 2017, Volume 29, Number 13, Page 1603483
[29]
Mohand O. Saed, Amir H. Torbati, Chelsea A. Starr, Rayshan Visvanathan, Noel A. Clark, and Christopher M. Yakacki
Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, 2017, Volume 55, Number 2, Page 157
[30]
Christian Nowak and Fernando A. Escobedo
Macromolecules, 2016, Volume 49, Number 17, Page 6711
[32]
Kohei Abe, Maito Koga, Takumi Wakabayashi, Sungmin Kang, Koichi Sakajiri, Junji Watanabe, and Masatoshi Tokita
Macromolecules, 2015, Volume 48, Number 22, Page 8354
[33]
Timothy J. White and Dirk J. Broer
Nature Materials, 2015, Volume 14, Number 11, Page 1087
[34]
R. Gerhard-Multhaupt
IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 2002, Volume 9, Number 5, Page 850
[35]
Kyohei Kawasaki, Toru Ube, and Tomiki Ikeda
Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 2015, Volume 614, Number 1, Page 62
[36]
Taylor H. Ware, Zachary P. Perry, Claire M. Middleton, Scott T. Iacono, and Timothy J. White
ACS Macro Letters, 2015, Volume 4, Number 9, Page 942
[37]
Andreas M. Menzel
Physics Reports, 2015, Volume 554, Page 1

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in