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Electrospinning

Ed. by Uyar, Tamer

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2391-7407
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Electrospun polystyrene/Aliquat 336 for preconcentration and determination of thiocyanate in flow analysis

Yukie O’Bryan / Yen B. Truong / Robert W. Cattrall / Illias L. Kyratzis / Spas D. Kolev
Published Online: 2017-10-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/esp-2017-0006

Abstract

A new extracting polymer wool was prepared from polystyrene (PS) and the commercial extractant Aliquat 336 by electrospinning and its potential as a packing material for an online preconcentration column in an automated flow injection system was investigated for the determination of thiocyanate (SCN−). The formation of the wool fibres was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The polymer wool was inserted into a glass tube to prepare a column. SCN− solutions of different volumes (2-10 mL) were passed through the fibre-packed column where SCN− was extracted by the fibres. The columnwas then eluted with a small volume of 1MNaNO3 solution. The eluatewas mixed with an iron(III) solution and the resulting coloured complex (FeSCN2+) was detected colorimetrically. The system successfully achieved 21-fold preconcentration of SCN−. A linear calibration curve was obtained in the range from 0.02 to 1.0 mg L−1 SCN− with a sampling rate of 9 h−1. To the authors’ best knowledge this is the first time electrospun fibres containing a liquid extractant have been used for preconcentration in a flow analysis system.

Keywords: Electrospinning; Polymer; Fibre; Extracting polymer wool; Flow Injection Analysis

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About the article

Received: 2017-06-26

Accepted: 2017-08-28

Published Online: 2017-10-28

Published in Print: 2017-10-26


Citation Information: Electrospinning, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 100–110, ISSN (Online) 2391-7407, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/esp-2017-0006.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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