Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Electrospinning

Ed. by Uyar, Tamer

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-7407
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Fabrication of radially aligned electrospun nanofibers in a three-dimensional conical shape

Michel Vong
  • Institute for Materials and Processes, School of Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh, EH9 3FB, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Norbert Radacsi
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute for Materials and Processes, School of Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, King’s Buildings, Edinburgh, EH9 3FB, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-06-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/esp-2018-0001

Abstract

This paper reports on the rapid fabrication of radially-aligned, three-dimensional conical structures by electrospinning. Three different polymers, Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Polystyrene and Polyacrylonitrile were used to electrospin the cones. These cone structures are spreading out from a vertical conductive pillar, which can be arbitrarily placed on specific part of the collector. The lower part of the cone is clearly defined on the collector, and the cone has a relatively uniform radius around the pillar. The cones are constituted of fibers that are radially aligned towards the top of the pillar, but there is no apex and the fibers fall flat on the top of the pillar surface. A parametric study has been performed to investigate the effects of the pillar morphology (height and thickness) and the electrospinning parameters (applied voltage and working distance) on the overall shape and size of the cone structure, as well as the fiber alignment. The pillar morphology influences directly the cone diameter and height. The electrospinning parameters have little effect on the cone structure. The formation mechanism has been identified to be related to the shape of the electric field, which has been systematically simulated to understand the effect of the electric field lines on the final dimensions of the cone structure.

Keywords : Electrospinning; Highly-stable; Cone; Radial alignment; 3D; Controlled shape; Conductive pillar

References

  • [1] Xue J, Xie J, LiuW, Xia Y, Electrospun Nanofibers: New Concepts, Materials, and Applications, Acc Chem Res. 50, 2017, 1976.Google Scholar

  • [2] Thenmozhi S, Dharmaraj N, Kadirvelu K, Kim HY, Electrospun nanofibers: New generation materials for advanced applications, Mater Sci Eng B. 217, 2017, 36.Google Scholar

  • [3] Jian S, Zhu J, Jiang S, Chen S, Fang H, Song Y, et al., Nanofibers with diameter below one nanometer from electrospinning, RSC Adv. 8, 2018, 4794.Google Scholar

  • [4] Katsogiannis KAG, VladisavljevićGT, Georgiadou S, Porous electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) fibres by phase separation, Eur Polym J. 69, 2015, 284.Google Scholar

  • [5] Huang Z-X, Wu J-W, Wong S-C, Qu J-P, Srivatsan TS, The technique of electrospinning for manufacturing core-shell nanofibers, Mater Manuf Process. 33, 2018, 202.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Feltz KP, Kalaf EAG, Chen C, Martin RS, Sell SA, A review of electrospinning manipulation techniques to direct fiber deposition and maximize pore size, Electrospinning. 1, 2017, 46.Google Scholar

  • [7] Al-Ajrah S, Lafdi K, Liu Y, Le Coustumer P, Fabrication of ceramic nanofibers using polydimethylsiloxane and polyacrylonitrile polymer blends, J Appl Polym Sci. 135, 2018, 45967.Google Scholar

  • [8] Chen C, Tang Y, Vlahovic B, Yan F, Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers Decoratedwith Noble Metal Nanoparticles for Chemical Sensing, Nanoscale Res Lett. 12, 2017, 451.Google Scholar

  • [9] Zhang C,Wang X, Zhang E, Yang L, Yuan H, TuW, et al., An epigenetic bioactive composite scaffold with well-aligned nanofibers for functional tendon tissue engineering, Acta Biomater. 66, 2018, 141.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Pedersbaek D, Frantzen MT, Fojan P, Electrospinning of Core-Shell Fibers for Drug Release Systems, J Self-Assembly Mol Electron. 5, 2017, 17.Google Scholar

  • [11] Alavarse AC, de Oliveira Silva FW, Colque JT, da Silva VM, Prieto T, Venancio EC, et al., Tetracycline hydrochloride-loaded electrospun nanofibers mats based on PVA and chitosan for wound dressing, Mater Sci Eng C. 77, 2017, 271.Google Scholar

  • [12] Chou S-F, Woodrow KA, Relationships between mechanical properties and drug release from electrospun fibers of PCL and PLGA blends, J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 65, 2017, 724.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [13] Jing L, Shim K, Toe CY, Fang T, Zhao C, Amal R, et al., Electrospun Polyacrylonitrile-Ionic Liquid Nanofibers for Superior PM 2.5 Capture Capacity, ACS ApplMater Interfaces. 8, 2016, 7030.Google Scholar

  • [14] Yousef A, Brooks RM, El-Halwany MM, Abutaleb A, El-Newehy MH, Al-Deyab SS, et al., Electrospun CoCr 7 C 3 -supported C nanofibers: Effective, durable, and chemically stable catalyst for H 2 gas generation from ammonia borane, Mol Catal. 434, 2017, 32.Google Scholar

  • [15] Yang X, Li X, Zhang L, Gong J, Electrospun template directed molecularly imprinted nanofibers incorporated with BiOI nanoflake arrays as photoactive electrode for photoelectrochemical detection of triphenyl phosphate, Biosens Bioelectron. 92, 2017, 61.Google Scholar

  • [16] Mercante LA, Pavinatto A, Iwaki LEO, Scagion VP, Zucolotto V, Oliveira ON, et al., Electrospun Polyamide 6/Poly(allylamine hydrochloride) Nanofibers Functionalized with Carbon Nanotubes for Electrochemical Detection of Dopamine, ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 7, 2015, 4784.Google Scholar

  • [17] Jindal A, Narayanan H, Basu S, Direct Formic Acid PEM Fuel Cell with Electrospun Carbon Nitride Nanofibers as Cathode Catalyst, Fuel Cells. 17, 2017, 407.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] Hong S, Hou M, Zhang H, Jiang Y, Shao Z, Yi B, A highperformance PEM fuel cell with ultralow platinum electrode via electrospinning and underpotential deposition, Electrochim Acta. 245, 2017, 403.Google Scholar

  • [19] Yu L, Shao Z, Xu L, Wang M, High Throughput Preparation of Aligned Nanofibers Using an Improved Bubble-Electrospinning, Polymers (Basel). 9, 2017, 658.Google Scholar

  • [20] Hwang W, Pang C, Chae H, Fabrication of aligned nanofibers by electric-field-controlled electrospinning: insulating-block method, Nanotechnology. 27, 2016, 435301.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21] Xie J, MacEwan MR, Liu W, Jesuraj N, Li X, Hunter D, et al., Nerve Guidance Conduits Based on Double-Layered Scaffolds of Electrospun Nanofibers for Repairing the Peripheral Nervous System, ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 6, 2014, 9472.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Tamura T, Kawakami H, Aligned Electrospun Nanofiber Composite Membranes for Fuel Cell Electrolytes, Nano Lett. 10, 2010, 1324.Google Scholar

  • [23] Zhu J, Chen L, Xu Z, Lu B, Electrospinning preparation of ultralong aligned nanofibers thin films for high performance fully flexible lithium-ion batteries, Nano Energy. 12, 2015, 339.Google Scholar

  • [24] Sadrjahani M, Gharehaghaji AA, Javanbakht M, Aligned electrospun sulfonated polyetheretherketone nanofiber based proton exchange membranes for fuel cell applications, Polym Eng Sci. 57, 2017, 789.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [25] Pauly HM, Kelly DJ, Popat KC, Trujillo NA, Dunne NJ, McCarthy HO, et al., Mechanical properties and cellular response of novel electrospun nanofibers for ligament tissue engineering: Effects of orientation and geometry, J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. 61, 2016, 258.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] Fee T, Downs C, Eberhardt A, Zhou Y, Berry J, Image-based quantification of fiber alignmentwithin electrospun tissue engineering scaffolds is related to mechanical anisotropy, J Biomed Mater Res Part A. 104, 2016, 1680.Google Scholar

  • [27] Mellor LF, Huebner P, Cai S, Mohiti-Asli M, Taylor MA, Spang J, et al., Fabrication and Evaluation of Electrospun, 3D-Bioplotted, and Combination of Electrospun/3D-Bioplotted Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering Applications, Biomed Res Int. 2017, 2017, 1.Google Scholar

  • [28] Shen C, Wycisk R, Pintauro PN, High performance electrospun bipolar membrane with a 3D junction, Energy Environ Sci. 10, 2017, 1435.Google Scholar

  • [29] Matulevicius J, Kliucininkas L, Martuzevicius D, Krugly E, Tichonovas M, Baltrusaitis J, Design and Characterization of Electrospun Polyamide Nanofiber Media for Air Filtration Applications, J Nanomater. 2014, 2014, 1.Google Scholar

  • [30] Zhang Q, Welch J, Park H, Wu C-Y, Sigmund W, Marijnissen JCM, Improvement in nanofiber filtration by multiple thin layers of nanofiber mats, J Aerosol Sci. 41, 2010, 230.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31] Soliman S, Pagliari S, Rinaldi A, Forte G, Fiaccavento R, Pagliari F, et al., Multiscale three-dimensional scaffolds for soft tissue engineering via multimodal electrospinning, Acta Biomater. 6, 2010, 1227.Google Scholar

  • [32] Tzezana R, Zussman E, Levenberg S, A Layered Ultra-Porous Scaffold for Tissue Engineering, Created via a Hydrospinning Method, Tissue Eng Part C Methods. 14, 2008, 281.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] Pham QP, Sharma U, Mikos AG, Electrospun Poly(ε- caprolactone) Microfiber and Multilayer Nanofiber/Microfiber Scaffolds: Characterization of Scaffolds and Measurement of Cellular Infiltration, Biomacromolecules. 7, 2006, 2796.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [34] Cai Y-Z, Zhang G-R, Wang L-L, Jiang Y-Z, Ouyang H-W, Zou X-H, Novel biodegradable three-dimensional macroporous scaffold using aligned electrospun nanofibrous yarns for bone tissue engineering, J Biomed Mater Res Part A. 100A, 2012, 1187.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [35] KimMS, Son J, Lee H,Hwang H, Choi CH, Kim G, Highly porous 3D nanofibrous scaffolds processed with an electrospinning/laser process, Curr Appl Phys. 14, 2014, 1.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [36] Moazeni N, Semnani D, Rafeinia M, Hasani H, Naeimi M, Sadrjahani M, The effect of electrospinning parameters on the compliance behavior of electrospun polyurethane tube for artificial common bile duct, Polym Sci Ser A. 59, 2017, 67.Google Scholar

  • [37] Mi H-Y, Jing X, Napiwocki BN, Li Z-T, Turng L-S, Huang H-X, Fabrication of fibrous silica sponges by self-assembly electrospinning and their application in tissue engineering for threedimensional tissue regeneration, Chem Eng J. 331, 2018, 652.Google Scholar

  • [38] Sun B, Long YZ, Zhang HD, Li MM, Duvail JL, Jiang XY, et al., Advances in three-dimensional nanofibrous macrostructures via electrospinning, Prog Polym Sci. 39, 2014, 862.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [39] Daming Z, Jiang C, Electrospinning of three-dimensional nanofibrous tubes with controllable architectures, Nano Lett. 8, 2008, 3283.Google Scholar

  • [40] Ostrowska B, Jaroszewicz J, Zaczynska E, Tomaszewski W, Swieszkowski W, Kurzydlowski KJ, Evaluation of 3D hybrid microfiber/nanofiber scaffolds for bone tissue engineering, Bull Polish Acad Sci Tech Sci. 62, 2014, 551.Google Scholar

  • [41] Domalik-Pyzik P, Morawska-Chochół A, Chłopek J, Rajzer I, Wrona A, Menaszek E, et al., Polylactide/polycaprolactone asymmetric membranes for guided bone regeneration, EPolymers. 16, 2016, 351.Google Scholar

  • [42] Lowe CJ, Reucroft IM, Grota MC, Shreiber DI, Production of Highly Aligned Collagen Scaffolds by Freeze-drying of Selfassembled, Fibrillar Collagen Gels, ACS Biomater Sci Eng. 2, 2016, 643.Google Scholar

  • [43] McMurtrey RJ, Patterned and functionalized nanofiber scaffolds in three-dimensional hydrogel constructs enhance neurite outgrowth and directional control, J Neural Eng. 11, 2014, 66009.PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [44] Vong M, Speirs E, Klomkliang C, Akinwumi I, Nuansing W, Radacsi N, Controlled three-dimensional polystyrene microand nano-structures fabricated by three-dimensional electrospinning, RSC Adv. 8, 2018, 15501.Google Scholar

  • [45] Xie J, MacEwan MR, Ray WZ, Liu W, Siewe DY, Xia Y, Radially Aligned, Electrospun Nanofibers as Dural Substitutes forWound Closure and Tissue Regeneration Applications, ACS Nano. 4, 2010, 5027.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • [46] Li X, Li M, Sun J, Zhuang Y, Shi J, Guan D, et al., Radially Aligned Electrospun Fibers with Continuous Gradient of SDF1 for the Guidance of Neural Stem Cells, Small. 12, 2016, 5009.Google Scholar

  • [47] Zhu Y, Cao Y, Pan J, Liu Y, Macro-alignment of electrospun fibers for vascular tissue engineering, J Biomed Mater Res Part B Appl Biomater. 92B, 2009, 508.Google Scholar

  • [48] Theron A, Zussman E, Yarin AL, Electrostatic field-assisted alignment of electrospun nanofibres, Nanotechnology. 12, 2001, 384.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [49] Zhou W, Li Z, Zhang Q, Liu Y, Wei F, Luo G, Gas Flow-Assisted Alignment of Super Long Electrospun Nanofibers, J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 7, 2007, 2667.Google Scholar

  • [50] Yang H, Kim S, Huh I, Kim S, Lahiji SF, Kim M, et al., Rapid implantation of dissolving microneedles on an electrospun pillar array, Biomaterials. 64, 2015, 70.Google Scholar

  • [51] Pan C, Han Y, Dong L, Wang J, Gu Z, Electrospinning of Continuous, Large Area, Latticework Fiber onto Two-Dimensional Pinarray Collectors, J Macromol Sci Part B. 47, 2008, 735.Google Scholar

  • [52] Zheng G, Li W, Wang X, Wu D, Sun D, Lin L, Precision deposition of a nanofibre by near-field electrospinning, J Phys D Appl Phys. 43, 2010, 415501.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [53] Sharma CS, Katepalli H, Sharma A, Madou M, Fabrication and electrical conductivity of suspended carbon nanofiber arrays, Carbon N Y. 49, 2011, 1727.Google Scholar

  • [54] Chang T-L, Huang C-H, Chou S-Y, Tseng S-F, Lee Y-W, Direct fabrication of nanofiber scaffolds in pillar-based microfluidic device by using electrospinning and picosecond laser pulses, Microelectron Eng. 177, 2017, 52.Google Scholar

  • [55] RAWAT A, MAHAVAR HK, TANWAR A, SINGH PJ, Study of electrical properties of polyvinylpyrrolidone/polyacrylamide blend thin films, Bull Mater Sci. 37, 2014, 273.Google Scholar

  • [56] Qi X-Y, Yan D, Jiang Z, Cao Y-K, Yu Z-Z, Yavari F, et al., Enhanced Electrical Conductivity in Polystyrene Nanocomposites at Ultra-Low Graphene Content, ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 3, 2011, 3130.Google Scholar

  • [57] Ahmad A, Isa KBM, Osman Z, Conductivity and structural studies of plasticized polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-lithiumtriflate polymer electrolyte films, Sains Malaysiana. 40, 2011, 691.Google Scholar

  • [58] Collins G, Federici J, Imura Y, Catalani LH, Charge generation, charge transport, and residual charge in the electrospinning of polymers: A review of issues and complications, J Appl Phys. 111, 2012, 44701.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-03-08

Accepted: 2018-05-09

Published Online: 2018-06-28


Citation Information: Electrospinning, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 1–14, ISSN (Online) 2391-7407, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/esp-2018-0001.

Export Citation

© 2018 Norbert Radacsi, published by De Gruyter. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in