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European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

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Volume 3, Issue 2 (Jan 2011)

Issues

Land use dynamics in the dehesas in the Sierra Morena (Spain): the role of diverse management strategies to cope with the drivers of change

Christoph Schröder
Published Online: 2011-10-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10091-011-0006-z

Land use dynamics in the dehesas in the Sierra Morena (Spain): the role of diverse management strategies to cope with the drivers of change

The dehesa in the southwestern Iberian Peninsula represents both a unique agrosilvopastoral land-use and a rural social-ecological system. Over the last 60 years, the dehesa has experienced profound modifications of its overall structure, affecting the resilience of the system. Based on land change analysis combined with interviews with land managers, the paper gives insights on how the dehesa has been modified by the combination of land-users' strategies and driving forces on different scales, using a political-ecological approach. The results of the cross-scale analysis suggest that land dynamics are highly differentiated spatially and temporally due to a diversity of management strategies and actors' attitudes towards conservation and innovation. The development of the dehesa has to come along with an active use of its resources. Furthermore, European policy for agriculture and local development must be sensible to regional land-use system's idiosyncrasy as they are the key factors for the dehesa's future.

La dehesa del suroeste de la Península Ibérica representa un único sistema agrosilvopastoril de aprovechamiento del monte mediterráneo asociado a un sistema socio-ecológico específico en el mundo rural español. La dehesa ha experimentado transformaciones profundas de su estructura general durante los últimos sesenta años, que han afectado la resiliencia del sistema. A partir de los datos del análisis del cambio de uso del suelo que se combinó con entrevistas con gestores de fincas, el artículo se centra en cómo la dehesa se ha modificado debido a la combinación de estrategias de manejo y gestión en las fincas y de las fuerzas exteriores, utlizando un planteamiento político-ecológico. Los resultados del análisis sugieren que las dinámicas de uso están diferenciadas temporal y espacialmente debido a la diversidad de estrategias de adaptación y mitigación a nivel de finca y de las actitudes de los actores hacia la conservación e innovación. El desarrollo de la dehesa tiene que ir acompañado con un uso active de sus recursos. Además, la política europea en materia de agricultura y desarrollo local tiene que ser respetuoso con sistemas locales específicos como son la clave para el futuro de la dehesa.

Keywords: Dehesa; Land change; Political Ecology; Land-Use Change; Resilience; Social-ecological systems; Adaptive management strategies

Keywords: Dehesa; Cambio de uso del suelo; Ecología Política; Resiliencia; Sistemas socio-ecológicos; Gestión adaptativa

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Published Online: 2011-10-19

Published in Print: 2011-01-01


Citation Information: European Countryside, ISSN (Online) 1803-8417, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10091-011-0006-z.

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