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European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

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Volume 6, Issue 2

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Naturbanization and Urban – Rural Dynamics in Spain: Case Study of New Rural Landscapes in Andalusia and Catalonia

Marta Pallarès-Blanch / Prof. Maria-José Prados Velasco
  • Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geography and History, University of Sevilla, C/S. Fernando, 41004 Sevilla, Spain
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/ Prof. Antoni Francesc Tulla Pujol
Published Online: 2014-05-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/euco-2014-0008

Abstract

The early 20th century saw the beginning of a process of urbanizing rural space (Berry, 1976a; 1976b), described as counter-urbanization (Champion, 1989). The creation of Protected Natural Areas (PNAs) has defined some rural spaces, relatively far from large urban metropolitan areas, where the ecological and scenic value is a magnet for urbanization (Prados, 2005). Thus, PNAs make rural areas more attractive to new economic and leisure activities and can promote a more positive type of development that has been called naturbanization (Prados, 2009). We address this topic in six sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Conceptual framework of naturbanization; (3) Methodology to analyse the process of naturbanization; (4) Processes of naturbanization in Andalusia and in Catalonia; (5) Comparative analysis of two case studies, and (6) Conclusions and Recommendations

Resumen

: Se ha desarrollado un proceso de urbanización del espacio rural desde principios del siglo XX (Berry, 1976a; 1976b) descrito como la “counterurbanización” (Champion, 1989). La creación de los espacios naturales protegidos (ENP) ha delimitado unos espacios rurales, relativamente alejados de las grandes conurbaciones urbanas, donde la valoración ecológica y paisajística genera, en algunos casos, una atracción urbanizadora (Prados, 2005). De este modo, los ENP hacen más atractivo al espacio rural y promueven la naturbanización (Prados, 2009). En esta presentación trataremos el tema en seis apartados: (i) Introducción (ii) El marco conceptual de la naturbanización; (iii) La metodología para analizar la naturbanización; (iv) Los procesos de naturbanización en Andalucía y en Cataluña; (v) El análisis comparativo de los dos casos estudiados y, finalmente, (vi) presentamos conclusiones y propuestas de implementación.

Keywords : Naturbanization; Protected Natural Areas (PNAs) in mountain areas; Urban-rural dynamics; Landscape changes; rural migrations; Sierra Nevada Protected Natural Area (Andalusia); Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park (Catalonia); Cadí-Moixeró Natural Park and Alt Pirineu Natural Park (Catalonia)

Palabras clave: Naturbanization; Espacios Naturales Protegidos (ENP) en áreas de montaña; cambios del paisaje; migraciones rurales; Espacio Natural Protegido de Sierra Nevada (Andalucía); Parque Nacional de Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici; Parque Natural de Cadí-Moixeró y Parque Natural del Alt Pirineu (Cataluña)

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About the article

Received: 2013-02-01

Accepted: 2013-12-13

Published Online: 2014-05-27

Published in Print: 2014-06-01


Citation Information: European Countryside, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 118–160, ISSN (Online) 1803-8417, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/euco-2014-0008.

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© by Marta Pallarès-Blanch. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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