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European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

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Volume 6, Issue 4 (Dec 2014)

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Rural Tourism As Promoter Of Rural Development – Prospects And Limitations: Case Study Findings From A Pilot Projectpromoting Village Tourism

Stefan Neumeier
  • Institute for Rural Studies, The Thünen Institute, German Federal Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
  • Email:
/ Kim Pollermann
  • Corresponding author
  • Institute for Rural Studies, The Thünen Institute, German Federal Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
  • Email:
Published Online: 2014-12-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/euco-2014-0015

Abstract

The article questions where and how rural tourism (with special focus on small scale village tourism) that is often focused on in rural development initiatives can contribute to rural development in the light of the OECD’s ‘new rural paradigm’. For this purpose theoretical findings from research about tourism and factors of success of rural development processes are combined and reflected against findings of empirical research conducted in five eastern German rural regions. It is shown that although tourism might, in the majority of rural regions, induce only small economic impacts - which indicate failure as a factor for regional development - it can cause important non-economic implications. Thus, even in regions not suitable for tourism, tourism can function as a vehicle for rural development. Thereby it is important to develop a suitable strategy and consider the specific regional situation and potentials of success.

Zusammenfassung

Der Artikel untersucht wo und wie ländlicher Tourismus (mit Fokus auf Dorftourismus), der häufig in ländlichen Entwicklungsinitiativen im Rahmen des ‘new rural paradigm’ der OECD als eine vielversprechende Möglichkeit angesehen wird Entwicklung zu initiieren dem Ziel auch gerecht werden kann. Dazu werden theoretische Erkenntnisse der Tourismusforschung mit Erkenntnissen zu Erfolgsfaktoren ländlicher Entwicklungsprozesse betrachtet und mit empirischen Forschungsergebnissen aus fünf ostdeutschen ländlichen Regionen widergespiegelt. Dabei zeigt sich, dass, obwohl Tourismus in der Mehrheit der ländlichen Regionen nur geringe ökonomische Erfolge hervorbringt - was zunächst dafür spricht, dass Tourismus kein geeignetes Mittel zur Entwicklung ländlicher Regionen ist - Tourismus auch wichtige, außerökonomische Entwicklungseffekte initiieren kann. Als Ergebnis last sich daher festhalten, dass Tourismus auch in Regionen, die sich eigentlich nicht für eine touristische Inwertsetzung eignen als Katalysator für Entwicklungsprozesse fungieren kann. Dazu ist jedoch eine entsprechende an die spezifischen regionalen Gegebenheiten angepasste Strategie unter Berücksichtigung der Erfolgsfaktoren ländlicher Entwicklungsprozesse notwendig.

Keywords : tourism; rural development; pilot project; funding; Germany

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About the article

Received: 2014-04-02

Accepted: 2014-09-26

Published Online: 2014-12-30

Published in Print: 2014-12-01



Citation Information: European Countryside, ISSN (Online) 1803-8417, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/euco-2014-0015. Export Citation

© by Kim Pollermann. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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