Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.190
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.896

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1803-8417
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 9, Issue 3 (Sep 2017)

Issues

Rural Architectural and Planning Forms as a Source of Diversity for Urban Environment (Case Study of Moscow)

Alexander Savchenko
  • Director of Center for Situational Monitoring and Regional Studies, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, 82/5, Prospect Vernadskogo, 119571 Moscow, Russian Federation.
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Tatiana Borodina
  • Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences, Staromonetniy Pereulok, 29, 119017 Moscow, Russian Federation.
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-10-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2017-0033

Abstract

Inclusion of specific rural architectural and planning forms in the urban structure of Moscow is analysed. As a theoretical background, theories of Garden-Cities (Howard, 1902), Rural-urban continuum (Sorokin, Zimmerman, 1929), Slow city (Mayer, Knox, 2009) are considered. Inclusion of rural architectural and planning forms is analysed for different structural elements of Moscow’s urban environment – public spaces, industrial areas, residential areas, street and road network. Authors argue that once included into the structure of the city, rural planning and architectural forms do not disappear, but after the termination of the implementation of their parent species and ways of life, which are really related to agriculture and other “non-urban” activities, they are transformed for integration into urban life and the environment, contributing to an increase in their diversity. This pattern can be traced consistently, at least, from the XVIII century.

Keywords: rural architectural and planning forms; urban planning structure; urban development; urban environment; public spaces; industrial areas; residential areas; street and road network; Moscow

Academic references

  • [1] Brade, I. & Kovacs, Z. (2014). City and countryside under world-wide urbanization. Regional Research of Russia 4(2), 76–80. DOI: 10.1134/S2079970514020038.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Castells, M. (1996). The rise of the network society. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar

  • [3] Dewey, R. (1960). The rural-urban continuum: Real but relatively unimportant. American Journal of Sociology, 66(1), 60–66. DOI: 10.1086/222824.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Farrell, T. (2014). The city as a tangled bank. Urban design vs urban evolution. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar

  • [5] Gol'denberg, P., Gol'denberg, B. (1935). Planirovka zhilogo kvartala Moskvy XVII, XVIII i XIX vv. (Planning residential quarter of Moscow XVII, XVIII and XIX centuries). Moskva/Leningrad: Glavnaja redakcija stroitel'noj literatury.Google Scholar

  • [6] Howard, E. (1902). Garden cities of tomorrow. London: S. Sonnenschein & Co., Ltd. Google Scholar

  • [7] Keough, N. (2005). The sustainable Calgary story: A local response to a global challenge. In Phillips, R., ed., Community indicators measuring systems (pp. 65–95). Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar

  • [8] Knox, P. (2005). Creating ordinary places: Slow cities in a fast world. Journal of Urban Design 10(1), 1–11. DOI: 10.1080/13574800500062221.Google Scholar

  • [9] Mayer, H. & Knox, P. (2009). Pace of life and quality of life: the Slow City Charter. In Sirgy, M. J., Phillips, R. & Rahtz, D. R., eds., Community quality-of-life indicators: Best cases III (pp. 21–40). Dordrecht: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-2257-8_2. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Niström, L. (1995). The diversity of the urban environment – a result of planning or of laissez-faire? Scandinavian Housing and Planning Research, 12(4), 223–229. DOI: 10.1080/02815739508730391.Google Scholar

  • [11] Redfield, R. (1930). Tepoztlán, a mexican village: A study of folk life. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

  • [12] Ritzer, G. (2004). The McDonaldization of society. Thousand Oaks: Pine Science Press.Google Scholar

  • [13] Savchenko, A., ed. (2013). Moskva. Preemstvennost' v peremenah. 400 let gradostroitel'nyh planov Moskvy. Moscow: Genplan Institute of Moscow.Google Scholar

  • [14] Sorokin, P. & Zimmerman, C. (1929). Principles of rural-urban sociology. New York: Holt. Google Scholar

  • [15] Sudjic, D. (1993). The 100 Mile City, London: Harcourt.Google Scholar

  • [16] Treivish, A. I. (2016). The rural-urban continuum: regional dimensions. In Kotlyakov, V. M., Streleckij, V. N., Glezer, O. B. & Safronov, S. G., eds., Problemy regional'nogo razvitija Rossii (pp. 51–71). Moscow: Russian Geographical Society.Google Scholar

  • [17] Ul'janova, G. (2012). Dvorcy, usad'by, dohodnye doma. Istoricheskie rasskazy o nedvizhimosti Moskvy i Podmoskov'ja. Moskva: Forum; Neolit.Google Scholar

  • [18] Cittaslow (2017). Cittaslow, Vereinigung der lebenswerten Stadte in Deutschland. Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://www.cittaslow.net/.

  • [19] Posjolok Sokol. Istorija posjolka i ego zhitelej (Sokol Village. The history of the village and its inhabitants) (2004). Moscow: Olma-Press.Google Scholar

  • [20] Slow cities (2017). Retrieved January 15, 2017, from http://www.create-the-goodlife.com/slow_cities.html.

  • [21] World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-10-07

Published in Print: 2017-09-01


Citation Information: European Countryside, ISSN (Online) 1803-8417, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2017-0033.

Export Citation

© 2017 Alexander Savchenko et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in