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European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

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Volume 9, Issue 3


Rural Architectural and Planning Forms as a Source of Diversity for Urban Environment (Case Study of Moscow)

Alexander Savchenko
  • Director of Center for Situational Monitoring and Regional Studies, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, 82/5, Prospect Vernadskogo, 119571 Moscow, Russian Federation.
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/ Tatiana Borodina
  • Institute of Geography Russian Academy of Sciences, Staromonetniy Pereulok, 29, 119017 Moscow, Russian Federation.
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Published Online: 2017-10-07 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2017-0033


Inclusion of specific rural architectural and planning forms in the urban structure of Moscow is analysed. As a theoretical background, theories of Garden-Cities (Howard, 1902), Rural-urban continuum (Sorokin, Zimmerman, 1929), Slow city (Mayer, Knox, 2009) are considered. Inclusion of rural architectural and planning forms is analysed for different structural elements of Moscow’s urban environment – public spaces, industrial areas, residential areas, street and road network. Authors argue that once included into the structure of the city, rural planning and architectural forms do not disappear, but after the termination of the implementation of their parent species and ways of life, which are really related to agriculture and other “non-urban” activities, they are transformed for integration into urban life and the environment, contributing to an increase in their diversity. This pattern can be traced consistently, at least, from the XVIII century.

Keywords: rural architectural and planning forms; urban planning structure; urban development; urban environment; public spaces; industrial areas; residential areas; street and road network; Moscow

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About the article

Published Online: 2017-10-07

Published in Print: 2017-09-01

Citation Information: European Countryside, Volume 9, Issue 3, Pages 560–576, ISSN (Online) 1803-8417, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2017-0033.

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© 2017 Alexander Savchenko et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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