Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

European Countryside

The Journal of Mendel University in Brno

4 Issues per year


CiteScore 2016: 0.69

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2016: 0.190
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2016: 0.896

Open Access
Online
ISSN
1803-8417
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 9, Issue 4

Issues

Accessibility of Local Food Production to Regional Markets – Case of Berry Production in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland

M.Sc. Kirsi Korhonen
  • Corresponding author
  • Research Scientist, Natural Resources Institute Finland, Paavo Havaksen tie 3, FI-90014 University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Ph.D. Ossi Kotavaara / Research Professor Toivo Muilu / Professor Jarmo Rusanen
Published Online: 2018-01-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2017-0040

Abstract

Consumers and institutional kitchens, as well as traders, have shown increasing interest towards local food. This is particularly due to the transparency and traceability characteristic of a short supply chain and social aspects related to food origins. The trend has been increasingly common during the past decade in Europe and North America, and it is strongly evident in the case area of this study in Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland. In general, ease of access to food is highly important for consumers and crucial for institutional kitchens, in addition to quality aspects and price. However, regardless of proximity, poor accessibility is one of the key issues preventing the further growth of local food markets. Due to scale economics in food value chain, food transport is presently organised mainly by centralised, large-scale logistics companies directed via hubs serving millions of consumers. Accordingly, production volumes required to enter large-scale markets are often unattainable for disjointed small-scale local food producers. In this study, geographic information system (GIS)-based accessibility analyses are applied for analysing potential for integral networking of local food production and transport companies. Berry production was selected as a case study because it has a relatively strong role in Northern Ostrobothnia, while its logistics are notably underdeveloped. Spatial data of primary production volumes consists of register records of farm-specific cultivation areas and average yields in Northern Ostrobothnia and Finland. Accessibility computations are based on the digital model of the Finnish road network, Digiroad. Two surveys were also implemented to farmers and food processing companies to seek views on food processing, sales, logistics and procurements regarding local food. Data from the surveys was used in accessibility analysis, which enables exploration of opportunities for establishing ‘local food’ clusters integrating small producers into a more effective and competitive network. Information about favourable conditions for cooperative networks in the local food sector may help in establishing companies and their growth. Again, successful networking may increase scale economies in local production in transport, processing and marketing.

Keywords: accessibility; berry production; geographic information systems (GIS); local food; location allocation; Northern Ostrobothnia; Finland

References

  • [1] Baldacci, R., Toth, P. & Vigo, D. (2010). Exact algorithms for routing problems under vehicle capacity constraints. Annals of Operations Research 175(1): 213-245. DOI: 10.1007/s10479-009-0650-0.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [2] Beckie, M., Huddart Kennedy, E. & Wittman, H. (2012). Scaling up alternative food networks: farmers’ markets and the role of clustering in western Canada. Agriculture and Human Values 29(3), 333-345. DOI: 10.1007/s10460-012-9359-9.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] Berti, G. & Mulligan, C. (2016). Competitiveness of small farms and innovative food supply chains: The role of food hubs in creating sustainable regional and local food systems. Sustainability 8(7), 616. DOI: 10.3390/su8070616.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [4] Blanquart, C., Gonçalves, A., Vandenbossche, L., Kebir, L., Petit, C. & Traversac, J.-B. (2010). The logistics leverages of short food supply chains performance in terms of sustainability [Author manuscript]. 12th World Conference on Transport Research, Lisbonne, Portugal.Google Scholar

  • [5] Bloom, J. D. & Hinrichs, C. C. (2011). Moving local food through conventional food system infrastructure: Value chain framework comparisons and insights. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 26 (1), 13-23. DOI: 10.1017/S1742170510000384.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [6] Bosona, T. G. & Gebresenbet, G. (2011). Cluster building and logistics network integration of local food supply chain. Biosystems engineering 108(4), 293-302. DOI: 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2011.01.001.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Bosona, T., Nordmark, I., Gebresenbet, G. & Ljungberg, D. (2013). GIS-based analysis of integrated food distribution network in local food supply chain. International Journal of Business and Management 8(17), 13-34. DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v8n17p13.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Brown, C. (2003). Consumers’ preferences for locally produced food: A study in southeast Missouri. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 18(4), 213-224. DOI: 10.1079/AJAA200353.Google Scholar

  • [9] Brunori, G., Galli, F., Barjolle, D., van Broekhuizen, R., Colombo, L., Giampietro, M., Kirwan, J., Lang, T., Mathijs, E., Maye, D., de Roest, K., Rougoor, C., Schwarz, J., Schmitt, E., Smith, J., Stojanovic, Z., Tisenkopfs, T. & Touzard, J.-M. (2016). Are Local Food Chains More Sustainable than Global Food Chains? Considerations for Assessment. Sustainability 8(5), 449. DOI: 10.3390/su8050449.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Campbell, J. F. (1996). Hub location and the p-hub median problem. Operations Research, 44(6), 923-935. DOI: 10.1287/opre.44.6.923.Google Scholar

  • [11] Csapó, J. & Wetzl, V. (2016). Possibilities for the Creation of Beer Routes in Hungary: A Methodological and Practical Perspective. European Countryside 8:3, 250-262. DOI: 10.1515/euco-2016-0018.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [12] Day-Farnsworth, L., MacCown, B., Miller, M. & Pfeiffer, A. (2009). Scaling Up: Meeting the Demand for Local Food. Madison: University of Wisconsin.Google Scholar

  • [13] Donald, B. (2009). Contested Notions of Quality in a Buyer-Driven Commodity Cluster: The Case of Food and Wine in Canada. European Planning Studies 17(2), 263-280. DOI: 10.1080/09654310802553522.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Edward-Jones, G., Milà i Canals, L., Hounsome, N., Truninger, M., Koerber, G., Hounsome, B., Cross, P., York, E. H., Hospido, A., Plassmann, K., Harris, I. M., Edwards, R. T., Day, G. A. S., Tomos, A. D., Cowell, S. J. & Jones, D. L. (2008). Testing the assertion that ‘local food is best’: the challenges of an evidence-based approach. Trends in Food Science & Technology 19(5), 265-274. DOI: 10.1016/j.tifs.2008.01.008.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Feldmann, C. & Hamm, U. (2015). Consumers’ perceptions and preferences for local food: A review. Food Quality and Preference, 40/A, 152-164. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2014.09.014.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] Forsman, S. (2004). How do small food-processing forms compete? A Resource-based approach to competitive strategies. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland, 13(Supplement).Google Scholar

  • [17] Halweil, B. (2002). Home Grown. The Case for Local Food in a Global Market. Washington, DC: Worldwatch Institute.Google Scholar

  • [18] Harris, E. M. (2010). Eat Local? Constructions of Place in Alternative Food Politics. Geography Compass 4(4), 355-369. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-8198.2009.00298.x.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19] Miller, H. J. & Shaw, S. L. (2001). Geographic information systems for transportation: principles and applications. Geography Compass 9(4), 180-189. DOI: 10.1111/gec3.12204. CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] Isoniemi, M., Mäkelä, J., Arvola, A., Forsman-Hugg, S., Lampila, P., Paananen, J. & Roininen, K. (2006). Kuluttajien ja kunnallisten päättäjien näkemyksiä lähi- ja luomuruoasta. Helsinki: Kuluttajatutkimuskeskus.Google Scholar

  • [21] Järvelä, M., Jokinen, P., Huttunen, S. & Puupponen, A. (2009). Local food and renewable energy as emerging new alternatives of rural sustainability in Finland. European Countryside 1(2), 113-124. DOI: 10.2478/v10091/009-0010-8.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Klose, A. & Drexl, A. (2005). Facility location models for distribution system design. European Journal of Operational Research 162(1), 4-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2003.10.031.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Kneafsey, M., Venn, L., Schmutz, U., Balázs, B., Trenchard, L., Eyden-Wood, T., Bos, E., Sutton, G. & Blackett, M. (2013). Short Food Supply Chains and Local Food Systems in the EU. A State of Play of their Socio-Economic Characteristics. Sevilla: European Commission, Joint Research Centre.Google Scholar

  • [24] Kotavaara, O., Korhonen, K., Miettinen, M., Lehtinen, U., Muilu, T., Juga, J. & Rusanen, J. (2014). Lähi- ja luomuruoan saavutettavuus Pohjois-Pohjanmaalla. Helsinki: MTT.Google Scholar

  • [25] Kurunmäki, S., Ikäheimo, I., Syväniemi, A.-M. & Rönni, P. (2012). Lähiruokaselvitys. Ehdotus lähiruokaohjelman pohjaksi 2012-2015. Helsinki: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.Google Scholar

  • [26] Lagnevik, M., Sjoholm, I., Lareke. A. & Ostberg, J. (2003). The dynamics of innovation clusters: A study of the food industry. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar

  • [27] Lawson, R., Guthrie, J., Cameron, A. & Fischer, W. C. (2008). Creating value through cooperation: An investigation of farmers’ markets in New Zealand. British Food Journal 110(1), 11-25. DOI: 10.1108/00070700810844768.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] Marsden, T., Banks, J. & Bristow, G. (2000). Food supply chain approaches: exploring their role in rural development. Sociologia Ruralis 40(4), 424-438. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9523.00158.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Mononen, T. (2006). Yhteiskuntatieteellisen elintarviketutkimuksen linjoja. In Mononen, T. & Silvasti, T., eds., Ruokakysymys. Näkökulmia yhteiskuntatieteelliseen elintarviketutkimukseen (pp. 26-52). Helsinki: Gaudeamus Kirja / Oy Yliopistokustannus University Press.Google Scholar

  • [30] Morgan, K. (2008). Greening the realm: sustainable food chains and the public plate. Regional Studies 42(9), 1237-1250. DOI: 10.1080/00343400802195154.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31] Muilu, T., Jansik, C., Wuori, O. & Lehtonen, O. (2016). Suomen keskittyvä elintarviketeollisuus. Maaseudun uusi aika 3, 39-52.Google Scholar

  • [32] Nagy, G. & Salhi, S. (2007). Location-routing: Issues, models and methods. European Journal of Operational Research 177(2), 649-672. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2006.04.004.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] Norberg-Hodge, H., Merrifield, T. & Gorelick, S. (2002). Bringing the food economy home - Local alternatives to global agribusiness. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar

  • [34] Páez, A., Scott, D. M. & Morency, C. (2012). Measuring accessibility: positive and normative implementations of various accessibility indicators. Journal of Transport Geography 25, 141-153. DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.03.016.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [35] Piilo, T. (2003). Sujuva logistiikka ratkaisee pk-yrityksen menestyksen. Kehittyvä elintarvike 6, 22-23.Google Scholar

  • [36] Porter, M. (1985). Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance. New York NY. The Free Press.Google Scholar

  • [37] Porter, M. (1998). On competition. New York: HBS.Google Scholar

  • [38] Puoskari, S., Wuori, O., Korhonen, K. & Muilu, T. (2013). Lähiruoan lisääminen kuntien julkisissa hankinnoissa Kainuussa ja Pohjois-Pohjanmaalla. Helsinki: MTT.Google Scholar

  • [39] Renting, H., Marsden, T. K. & Banks, J. (2003). Understanding alternative food networks: exploring the role of short food supply chains in rural development. Environment and Planning A 35(3), 393-411. DOI: 10.1068/a3510.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [40] Saito, H. & Saito, Y. (2013). Motivations for Local Food Demand by Japanese Consumers: A Conjoint Analysis with Reference-Point Effects. Agribusiness 29(2), 147-161. DOI: 10.1002/agr.21315.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [41] Seppänen, L., Aro-Heinilä, E., Helenius, J., Hietala-Koivu, R., Ketomäki, H., Mikkola, M., Risku-Norja, H., Sinkkonen, M. & Virtanen, H. (2006). Paikallinen ruokajärjestelmä: ympäristö- ja talousvaikutuksia sekä oppimishaasteita. Helsinki: Helsingin yliopisto.Google Scholar

  • [42] Spiekermann, K., Wegener, M., Květoň, V., Marada, M., Schürmann, C., Biosca, O., Segul, A. U., Antikainen, H., Kotavaara, O., Rusanen, J., Bielańska, D., Fiorello, D., Komornicki, T., Rosik, P. & Stepniak, M. (2015). TRACC, Transport Accessibility at Regional/Local Scale and Patterns in Europe TRACC Accessibility Indicator Factsheets [Final Report. Vol 4]. Luxembourg: ESPON.Google Scholar

  • [43] Seyfang, G. (2006). Ecological citizenship and sustainable consumption: Examining local organic food networks. Journal of Rural Studies 22(4), 383-395. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2006.01.003.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [44] Viitaharju, L., Määttä, S., Hakala, O. & Törmä, H. (2014). Työtä ja hyvinvointia! Lähiruoan käytön aluetaloudelliset vaikutukset Suomen maakunnissa. Helsinki: Helsingin Yliopisto.Google Scholar

  • [45] Virtanen, M., Heikkilä, L. & Eerikäinen, H. (2014). Arvoketju ja liiketoimintamahdollisuuksien kehittäminen. In Heikkilä, L., eds., Ruoka lähellä, kuluttaja kaukana? Näkökulmia lähiruoan kysynnän ja tarjonnan kohtaamiseen (pp. 40-49). Helsinki: MTT.Google Scholar

  • [46] Vänttinen, R. & Korpi-Vartiainen, J.-P. (2010). Lähiruoan käyttö julkisen sektorin ammattikeittiöissä. Suonenjoki: Sisä-Savon Seutuyhtymän julkaisuja.Google Scholar

  • [47] Wolfe, D. A. & Gertler, M. S. (2006). Local antecedents and trigger events: Policy implications of path dependency for cluster formation. In Braunerheim, P. & Feldmand, M., eds., Cluster genesis: Technology-based industrial development (pp. 243-263). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

  • [48] EPRS (2016). Short food supply chains and local food systems in the EU. Briefing September 2016. European Parliamentary Research Service. <http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2016/586650/EPRS_BRI(2016)586 650_EN.pdf>Google Scholar

  • [49] ESRI (2010). Algorithms used by Network Analyst <http://webhelp.esri.com/arcgisdesktop/9.3/index.cfm?TopicName=Algorithms_used_by_Network_Analyst>Google Scholar

  • [50] ETL (2016). Forkful of facts - Finnish food industry statistics 2016. Ruokatieto. <http://www.etl.fi/media/aineistot/tilastot/tietohaarukka2016_englanti.pdf>(EU) No 807/2014Google Scholar

  • [51] European Commission (2001). Study on the impact of community agricultural policies on economic and social cohesion. <http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/archive/sources/docgener/studies/pac_en.htm>Google Scholar

  • [52] European Commission (2012). National GPP action plans (policies and guidelines). <http://ec.europa.eu/environment/gpp/pdf/national_gpp_strategies_en.pdf>Google Scholar

  • [53] EUROSTAT (2016). <http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Farm_structure_statistics>Google Scholar

  • [54] Finland’s 72nd government (2013). Local Food - But of Course! Government Programme on Local Food and development objectives for the local food sector to 2020. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. http://mmm.fi/documents/1410837/1890227/LocalFood_ButOfCourse.pdf/ef43072b-6700-47ad-af7e-5972e7fe046fGoogle Scholar

  • [55] Green public procurement (2008). Europa, Summaries of EU legislation. <http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/internal_market/businesses/public_procurement/mi0002_en.htm>Google Scholar

  • [56] Huomisen ruoka (2010). Esitys kansalliseksi ruokastrategiaksi. Ruokastrategian valmistelun johtoryhmä. http://mmm.fi/documents/1410837/1801180/Huomisen+ruoka+%E2%80%93+Esitys+kansalliseksi+ruokastrategiaksi/db6d286f-8e9c-4521-85b5-5b17cfe0cc25Google Scholar

  • [57] Korhonen, K. & Muilu, T. (2015). Developing local food cooperation and public procurement in Oulu South region, Finland. Proceedings of the conference. Agriculture in an urbanizing society, 14-17 September 2015, Rome, Italy (pp. 527-528). <https://app.box.com/s/8oaky8n9dnkbu7iuaf9m54t3c0rmsmzx/1/11886889741/99602500593/1>Google Scholar

  • [58] MTK (Maa- ja metsätaloustuottajain Keskusliitto) (2011). Lähiruoalle määritelmä. 31.5.2011. <https://www.mtk.fi/ajankohtaista/uutiset/uutiset_2011/fi_FI/lahiruoalle-maaritelma/>Google Scholar

  • [59] Maaseutupolitiikan yhteistyöryhmä (2000). Lähiruoan mahdollisuudet. Lähiruokatyöryhmän loppura portti. Maaseutupolitiikan yhteistyöryhmän julkaisu 6/2000. Sisäministeriön monistamo. Helsinki.Google Scholar

  • [60] OECD (2014). Competition issues in the food chain industry. The OECD Competition Committee. <https://www.oecd.org/daf/competition/CompetitionIssuesintheFoodChainIndustry.pdf>Google Scholar

  • [61] Piilo, T. (2007). Food Logistics - Providing local food through individual transport and distribution solutions. <http://www.transveritas.fi/media/Kuljetusketjujen_ymparistoraportointi/Kuljetusten_kehittaminen_Innoelli_Alma_(englanti).pdf>Google Scholar

  • [62] Ruoka-Suomi (2013). Elintarvikeyritykset kokoluokittain 6/2013. <http://www.ruokasuomi.fi/tilastot/taulukko_elintarvikeyritykset_kokoluokittain_2013.pdf>Google Scholar

  • [63] Valtioneuvosto (2010). Valtioneuvoston selonteko ruokapolitiikasta 14.10. 2010. <https://www.eduskunta.fi/FI/vaski/Selonteko/Documents/vns_6+2010.pdf>Google Scholar

  • [64] Valtioneuvosto (2017). Food2030: Finland feeds us and the world. Government report on food policy. <http://mmm.fi/documents/1410837/1923148/lopullinen03032017ruoka2030_en.pdf/d7e44e69-7993-4d47-a5ba-58c393bbac28 >Google Scholar

  • [65] Valtioneuvoston kanslia (2015). Pääministeri Juha Sipilän hallituksen strateginen ohjelma. 29.5.2015. <http://valtioneuvosto.fi/documents/10184/1427398/Ratkaisujen+Suomi_FI_YHDISTETTY_netti.pdf/801f523e-5dfb-45a4-8b4b-5b5491d6cc82>Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2018-01-13

Published in Print: 2017-12-20


Citation Information: European Countryside, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 709–728, ISSN (Online) 1803-8417, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/euco-2017-0040.

Export Citation

© by Kirsi Korhonen. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in