Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

European Journal of Applied Linguistics

Founded by Knapp, Karlfried

Editor-in-Chief: Bührig, Kristin / ten Thije, Jan D.

Agenzia Nazionale di Valutazione del Sistema Universitario e della Ricerca: Classe A

See all formats and pricing
More options …

Language in all subjects: the Council of Europe’s perspective

Jean-Claude Beacco
  • Corresponding author
  • Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris IIIProfessor Emeritus in Language Sciences and Language Teaching13, rue Santeuil75231 PARIS Cedex 05France
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-08-19 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/eujal-2017-0004


The Language Policy Unit of the Council of Europe has been engaged in language planning for quite some time now. If, in the past, the unit’s work was mainly focused on multilingualism – benchmarking, description and assessment – as in the development of the Common European Framework of Reference for Language (CEFR), it has recently taken on the task of developing proficiency descriptors for school subjects. Its aim is to contribute to the debate on the language deficit in many European education systems -in accordance with the Recommendation CM/Rec(2014)5 of the Committee of Ministers to the member states on the importance of competences in the language(s) of schooling for equity and quality in education and for educational success. This paper addresses the rationales, procedures and major concerns of the Language Policy Unit when creating an ideology of language(s) of schooling and developing tools for their study as a new paradigm in Europe, as well as describing the initiatives implemented to date: to find a common ground among different national traditions in discourse studies; to explore how subject teachers can interpret their courses in linguistic terms; to map subject genres for curriculum innovation; and to outline a discursive evolution that is coherent in all school subjects.

Keywords: Language Policy Unit; Council of Europe; language(s) of schooling; European language policies

This paper will often be based on existing studies commissioned by the Council of Europe, which the author of this paper has co-authored and which he intends to present here.


  • Benveniste E. (1966 et 1974).Problèmes de linguistique générale. Paris : Gallimard.Google Scholar

  • Beacco J.-C (1992). Les genres textuels dans l'analyse du discours: écriture légitime et communautés translangagières. Langages 105, 8–27.Google Scholar

  • Beacco J.-C. & Byram M. (2007). De la diversité linguistique à l'éducation plurilingue. Guide pour l’élaboration des politiques linguistiques éducatives en Europe. Strasbourg : Conseil de l’Europe. Google Scholar

  • Beacco J.-C., Coste D., van de Ven P.-H. & Vollmer H. (2010). Langue et matières scolaires. Dimensions linguistiques de la construction des connaissances dans les curriculums. Strasbourg : Conseil de l’Europe.Google Scholar

  • Beacco J.-C., Goullier F., Fleming M., Thürman E. & Vollmer H. (2016). Les dimensions linguistiques de toutes les matières scolaires. Strasbourg : Conseil de l’Europe.Google Scholar

  • Bouquet S. (dir.) (2004). Les genres de la parole. Langages 153.Google Scholar

  • Bullock, A. (1975). The Bullock Report. A language for life. London: Her Majesty's Stationary Office.Google Scholar

  • Charaudeau P. (1992). Grammaire du sens et de l’expression. Paris : Hachette.Google Scholar

  • Charaudeau P., & Maingueneau D. (2002). Dictionnaire d'analyse du discours. Paris : Seuil.Google Scholar

  • [Collectif INRP] (1983). Eveil scientifique et modes de communication. Institut national de la recherche pédagogique (INRP), Recherches pédagogiques, 117.Google Scholar

  • Conseil de l’Europe (2001). Cadre européen commun de référence pour les langues. Apprendre, enseigner évaluer. Strasbourg : Conseil de l’Europe.Google Scholar

  • Coste D., Courtillon J., Ferenczi V., Martins-Baltar M., Papo E. & Roulet E. (1976). Un niveau-seuil. Strasbourg : Conseil de l’Europe et Paris : HatierGoogle Scholar

  • Cummins J. (1979): “Linguistic interdependence and the educational development of bilingual children”, Review of Educational Research 49, p. 222–251. Google Scholar

  • Cummins J. (2008). BICS and CALP: Empirical and Theoretical Status of the Distinction. In: Street B. & Hornberger N. H. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Language and Education, 2nd Edition, Volume 2: Literacy. New York: Springer Science + Business Media LLC.p. 71–83. Google Scholar

  • Gadet F. (2003). La variation sociale en français. Paris : OphrysGoogle Scholar

  • Halliday M. A.K. (1974 ;traduction française). La base fonctionnelle du langage. In : Langages 34. p. 54–73.Google Scholar

  • Hymes D. (1967). Models of the interaction of language and social setting. Journal of social issues, 23(2), p. 8–28.Google Scholar

  • Kostopoulou (2014). A corpus based Analysis of the Lexica, Demands that Irish Post-primary Textbooks Make on Immigrant Students IN : Little D., Leung C. & Van Avermaet P. (eds). Managing Diversity in Education. Languages, Policies, Pedagogies. Bristol : Multilingual Matters. p. 147- 16-.Maingueneau D. (1992). Le tour ethnolinguistique de l'analyse du discours. Langages 105. p.114–125.Google Scholar

  • Pêcheux M. (1969). Analyse automatique du discours. Paris : Dunod.Google Scholar

  • Schleppegrell M. J. (2004). The language of schooling: A functional linguistics perspective. Oxon : Routledge.Google Scholar

  • Schleppegrell, M. J. (2015). Teaching the languages of schooling for equity and quality in education.Address to the Council of Europe Intergovernmental conference on The language dimension in all subjects: Equity and quality in education. Strasbourg, 14–15 October 2015 http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/Source/LE_texts_Source/LE%202015/Schleppegrell%20Teaching%20the%20languages%20of%20schooling.pdf

  • Swales, J (1990). Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

  • Zuin E. (2015). Le basi scientifiche e methodologiche di LES (Leggere e scrivere matematica, fisica e scienze). In Zuin E. (ed.). Leggere e scrivere matematica, fisica e scienze. Mori : IPRASE Trento. p. 11–16.Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2017-08-19

Published in Print: 2017-09-05

Citation Information: European Journal of Applied Linguistics, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 157–176, ISSN (Online) 2192-953X, ISSN (Print) 2192-9521, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/eujal-2017-0004.

Export Citation

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in