Abramowitz, Alan I. 2012. “Grand Old Tea Party: Partisan Polarization and the Rise of the Tea Party Movement.” In Steep: The Precipitous Rise of the Tea Party, edited by Lawrence Rosenthal and Christine Trost, 195–211. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Abramowitz, Alan, and Steven Webster. 2015. “All Politics is National: The Rise of Negative Partisanship and the Nationalization of U.S. House and Senate Elections in the 21st Century.” Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
Allen, Mike. 2009. “Frank Luntz warns GOP: Health Reform is Popular.” Politico, May 5. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0509/22155.html.
Antsett, Patricia, and Kathleen Gray. 2009. “Tempers Flare Over Health Care Plan.” Detroit Free Press, August 7.Google Scholar
Arceneaux, Kevin, and Stephen P. Nicholson. 2012. “Who Wants to Have a Tea Party? The Who, What, and Why of the Tea Party Movement.” P.S. Political Science and Politics 45 (4): 700–710.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Balz, Dan. 2011. “Sarah Palin, in Iowa, Attacks Obama and ‘Crony Capitalism’.” The Washington Post, September 3.Google Scholar
Berman, Russell. 2015. “Republicans Swear this Shutdown will be Different.” The Atlantic, September 9. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/09/conservatives-embark-on-another-futile-fight/404242/.
Blackwell, Ken, and Ken Klukowski. 2010. The Blueprint: Obama’s Plan to Subvert the Constitution and Build an Imperial Presidency. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press.Google Scholar
Brodie, Mollyann, Drew Altman, Claudia Deane, Sasha Buscho, and Elizabeth Hamel. 2010. “Liking the Pieces, not the Package: Contradictions in Public Opinion during Health Reform.” Health Affairs 29 (6): 1125–1130.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Bullock, Charles S. III, and M. V. Hood, III. 2012. “The Tea Party, Sarah Palin, and the 2010 Congressional Elections: The Aftermath of the Election of Barack Obama” Social Science Quarterly 93 (5): 1424–1435.Google Scholar
Calmes, Jackie. 2015. “They Don’t Give a Damn About Governing: Conservative Media’s Influence on the Republican Party.” Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy Discussion Paper Series, #D-96, July 2015. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Kennedy School Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy. http://shorensteincenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Conservative-Media-Influence-Jackie-Calmes-July-2015.pdf.
Campbell, Andrea Louise. 2011. “Policy Feedbacks and the Impact of Policy Designs on Public Opinion.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 36 (6): 961–973.Google Scholar
Converse, Jean M. 1987. Survey Research in the United States: Roots and Emergence 1890–1960. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Disch, Lisa. 2012. “The Tea Party: A ‘White Citizenship Movement?’” In Steep: The Precipitous Rise of the Tea Party, edited by Lawrence Rosenthal and Christine Trost, 133–151. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Draper, Robert. 2012. When the Tea Party Came to Town. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
Duffy, Caitlin. 2013. Vilifying Obamacare: Conservative Tropes of Victimage in the 2009 Health Care Debates. MA. Thesis: Wake Forest University.Google Scholar
Felten, Eric. 1993. The Ruling Class: Inside the Imperial Congress. Special Abridged Edition. Washington, DC: The Heritage Foundation.Google Scholar
Frankford, David M. 2015. “The Remarkable Staying Power of ‘Death Panels.’” Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 40 (3): 1083–1095.Google Scholar
Free, Lloyd, and Hadley Cantril. 1967. The Political Beliefs of Americans. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
Fried, Amy. 1997. Muffled Echoes: Oliver North and the Politics of Public Opinion. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Fried, Amy. 2012. Pathways to Polling: Crisis, Cooperation and the Making of Public Opinion Professions. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Fried, Amy, and Douglas B. Harris. 2001. “On Red Capes and Charging Bulls: How and Why Conservative Politicians and Interest Groups Promoted Public Anger.” In What Is It About Government That Americans Dislike?, edited by John R. Hibbing and Elizabeth Theiss-Morse, 157–174. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Gardner, Amy. 2010. “Gauging the Scope of the Tea Party Movement in America.” Washington Post, October 24. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/10/23/AR2010102304000.html?sid=ST2010102304023.
Gerring, John. 1998. Party Ideologies in America, 1828–1996. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Gingrich, Newt. 1998. “Remarks to the May 1995 Dirksen Congressional Center Conference on House Leadership.” In Masters of the House, edited by Roger H. Davidson, Susan Webb Hammond, and Raymond W. Smock, 323–325. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Gitterman, Daniel. P., and John C. Scott. 2011. “Obama Lies, Grandma Dies: The Uncertain Politics of Medicare and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.” Journal of Health Politics Policy and Law 36 (3): 555–563.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Grossmann, Matt, and David A. Hopkins. 2015. “Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats: The Asymmetry of American Party Politics.” Perspectives on Politics 13 (1): 119–138.Google Scholar
Hacker, Jacob. 2010. “The Road to Somewhere: Why Health Reform Happened, or Why Political Scientists Who Write about Public Policy Shouldn’t Assume They Know How to Shape It.” Perspectives on Politics 8: 861–876.Google Scholar
Hacker, Jacob S., and Paul Pierson. 2005. Off Center: The Republican Revolution and the Erosion of American Democracy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Hamel, Liz, Jamie Firth, and Mollyann Brodie. 2015. “Kaiser Health Tracking Poll: Late June 2015 – A Special Focus on the Supreme Court Decision.” Kaiser Family Foundation. http://kff.org/health-reform/poll-finding/kaiser-health-tracking-poll-late-june-2015-a-special-focus-on-the-supreme-court-decision/.
Harris, Douglas B. 2015. “Joseph G. Cannon: Partisan Majorities and Responsible Democracy.” In Defense of the Founders Republic: Critics of Direct Democracy in the Progressive Era, edited by Lonce H. Bailey and Jerome M. Mileur, 109–130. New York: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
Henderson, Michael, and D. Sunshine Hillygus. 2011. “The Dynamics of Health Care Opinion, 2008–2010: Partisanship, Self-Interest, and Racial Resentment.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 36 (6): 945–960.Google Scholar
Herbst, Susan. 1998. Reading Public Opinion: How Political Actors View the Democratic Process. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Hopkins, Daniel J. 2013. “The Exaggerated Life of Death Panels: The Limits of Framing Effects in the 2009–2012 Health Care Debate.” Available at SSRN 2163769. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2163769.
Igo, Sarah. 2007. The Averaged American: Surveys, Citizens, and the Making of a Mass Public. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Melanie Burns. 2004. “The Second Face of the Public Presidency: Presidential Polling and the Shift from Policy to Personality Polling.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 34 (3): 536–556.Google Scholar
Jacobs, Lawrence R., and Robert Y. Shapiro. 2000. Politicians Don’t Pander: Political Manipulation and the Loss of Democratic Responsiveness. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Jones, Gordon S., and John A. Marini. 1988. The Imperial Congress: Crisis in the Separation of Powers. New York: Pharos Books.Google Scholar
Kabaservice, Geoffrey. 2012. Rule and Ruin: The Downfall of Moderate and the Destruction of the Republican Party, From Eisenhower to the Tea Party. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Kamarck, Elaine. 2014. “The Primaries Project: How the Tea Party is Winning While Losing” Brookings. Accessed August 15, 2015. http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/fixgov/posts/2014/08/04-primaries-project-tea-party-tennessee-kansas-kamarck.
Karpowitz, Christopher F., J. Quin Monson, Kelly D. Patterson, and Jeremy C. Pope. 2011. “Tea Time in America? The Impact of the Tea Party Movement on the 2010 Midterm Elections.” P.S. Political Science and Politics (April): 303–309.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Katznelson, Ira. 2013. Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
Kessler, Glenn. 2012. “Sarah Palin, ‘Death Panels’ and ‘Obamacare.’” Washington Post, June 27.Google Scholar
Kirsch, Richard. 2011. Fighting for Our Health: The Epic Battle to Make Health Care a Right in the United States. Albany, NY: The Rockefeller Institute Press.Google Scholar
Kriner, Douglas L., and Andrew Reeves. 2014. “Responsive Partisanship: Public Support for the Clinton and Obama Health Care Plans.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 39 (4): 717–749.Google Scholar
Lepore, Jill. 2010. The Whites of Their Eyes: The Tea Party’s Revolution And the Battle Over American History. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Luntz, Frank. 2009. “The Language of Healthcare 2009.” Politico. http://www.politico.com/pdf/PPM116_luntz.pdf.
Mann, Thomas E., and Norman J. Ornstein. 2012. It’s Even Worse than it Looks: How the American Constitutional System Collided with the New Politics of Extremism. New York, NY: Basic Books.Google Scholar
McCright, Aaron M., and Riley E. Dunlap. 2011. “The Politicization of Climate Change and Polarization in the American Public’s Views of Global Warming, 2001–2010.” The Sociological Quarterly 52: 155–194.Google Scholar
Melcher, James P., and Amy Fried. 2012. “Tea Talk: The Rhetoric of Tea Party Governors.” New England Political Science Association Annual Meeting. Portsmouth, New Hampshire.Google Scholar
Medzihorsky, Juraj, Levente Littvay, and Erin K. Jenne. 2014. “Has the Tea Party Era Radicalized the Republican Party? Evidence from Text Analysis of the 2008 and 2012 Republican Primary Debates.” P.S. Political Science and Politics 47 (4): 806–812.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Milkis, Sidney M., and Jesse H. Rhodes. 2007. “George W. Bush, the Republican Party and the ‘New’ American Party System.” Perspectives on Politics 5 (3): 461–488.Google Scholar
Millman, Jason. 2014. “It’s Time to Bury the ‘Death Panel’ Myth for Good. Is This the Way to do it?” Washington Post (Wonkblog), September 17. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/09/17/its-time-to-bury-the-death-panel-myth-for-good-is-this-the-way-to-do-it.
Montopoli, Brian. 2009. “Grassley Warns of Government Pulling Plug ‘On Grandma’” CBS News, August 12. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/grassley-warns-of-government-pulling-plug-on-grandma/.
Morris, Dick, and Eileen McGann. 2014. Power Grab: Obama’s Dangerous Plan for a One Party Nation. West Palm Beach, Florida: Humanix Books.Google Scholar
Palin, Sarah. 2009. “Statement on the Current Health Care Debate.” Facebook Post, August 7. https://www.facebook.com/note.php?note_id=113851103434.
Parker, Christopher S., and Matt A. Barreto. 2013. Change They Can’t Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Perrin, Andrew J., Steven J. Tepper, Neal Caren, and Sally Morris. 2014. “Political and Cultural Dimensions of Tea Party Support, 2009–2012.” The Sociological Quarterly 55: 625–652.Google Scholar
Pew Research Center. 2013. “Trust in Government Nears Record Low, But Most Federal Agencies Are Viewed Favorably.” October 18, 2013. http://www.people-press.org/2013/10/18/trust-in-government-nears-record-low-but-most-federal-agencies-are-viewed-favorably/
Piper, J. Richard. 1991. “Presidential-Congressional Power Prescriptions in Conservative Political Thought Since 1933.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 21: 35–54.Google Scholar
Piper, J. Richard. 1994. “’Situational Constitutionalism’ and Presidential Power: The Rise and Fall of the Liberal Model of Presidential Government.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 24: 577–594.Google Scholar
Prior, Francis B. 2014. “Quality Controlled: An Ethnographic Account of Tea Party Messaging and Action” Sociological Forum 29 (2): 301–317.Google Scholar
Rosenthal, Lawrence, and Christine Trost. 2012. Steep: The Precipitous Rise of the Tea Party. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Republican Party Platform. 1988. “Republican Party Platform of 1988,” August 16. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. Accessed September 15, 2015. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=25846.
Republican Party Platform. 1992. “Republican Party Platform of 1992,” August 17. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. Accessed September 15, 2015. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=25847.
Republican Party Platform. 2008. “2018 Republican Party Platform,” September 1. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. Accessed September 15, 2015. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=78545.
Republican Party Platform. 2012. “2012 Republican Party Platform,” August 27. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. Accessed September 15, 2015. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=101961.
Shanahan, Martha. 2013. “5 Memorable Moments When Town Hall Meetings Turned to Rage.” National Public Radio: It’s All Politics, August 7. http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2013/08/07/209919206/5-memorable-moments-when-town-hall-meetings-turned-to-rage.
Skocpol, Theda, and Lawrence R. Jacobs. 2011. “Reaching for a New Deal: Ambitious Governance, Economic Meltdown, and Polarized Politics.” In Reaching for a New Deal: Ambitious Governance, Economic Meltdown, and Polarized Politics in Obama’s First Two Years, edited by Theda Skocpol and Lawrence R. Jacobs, 1–50. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Skocpol, Theda, and Vanessa Williamson. 2012. The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Skowronek, Stephen. 2009. “The Conservative Insurgency and Presidential Power: A Developmental Perspective on the Unitary Executive.” Harvard Law Review 122 (8): 2070–2103.Google Scholar
Starr, Paul. 2011. Remedy and Reaction: The Peculiar American Struggle Over Health Care Reform. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Theiss-Morse, Elizabeth, Dona-Gene Barton, and Michael W. Wagner. 2015. “Political Trust in Polarized Times.” In Motivating Cooperation and Compliance with Authority: The Role of Institutional Trust, edited by Brian H. Bornstein and Alan J. Tomkins, 167–190. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Urbina, Ian. 2009. “Beyond Beltway, Health Debate Turns Hostile.” New York Times, August 7.Google Scholar
Williamson, Vanessa, Theda Skocpol, and John Coggin. 2011. “The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism.” Perspectives on Politics 9: 25–43.Google Scholar
About the article
Amy Fried is Professor of Political Science at the University of Maine. In addition to numerous articles and book chapters on public opinion and political participation, she is the author of Pathways to Polling: Crisis, Cooperation and the Making of Public Opinion Professions (Routledge Press) and Muffled Echoes: Oliver North and the Politics of Public Opinion (Columbia University Press). Recently she has been conducting research on opinion research on racial tensions during World War II, as well as the roots of contemporary strategic uses of distrust.
Douglas B. Harris
Douglas B. Harris is Professor of Political Science at Loyola University Maryland. In addition to numerous articles and book chapters on Congress, political parties, and political development, he is co-author of The Austin-Boston Connection: Five Decades of House Democratic Leadership, 1937–1989 (Texas A&M University Press) and co-editor of Doing Archival Research in Political Science (Cambria Press). His current project examines intra-party races for leadership posts in the House of Representatives.
Published Online: 2015-11-13
Published in Print: 2015-10-01