Alvarez, R. Michael, Delia Bailey, and Jonathan Katz. 2008. “The Effect of Voter Identification Laws on Turnout.” Working Paper #57. Pasadena, CA: CalTech/MIT Voting Technology Project.Google Scholar
Atkeson, Lonna Rae, Lisa Ann Bryant, Thad E. Hall, Kyle Saunders, and Michael Alvarez. 2010. “A New Barrier to Participation: Heterogeneous Application of Voter Identification Policies.” Electoral Studies 29 (1): 66–73.Google Scholar
Barretto, Matt A., Stephen A. Nuno, and Gabriel R. Sanchez. 2009. “The Disproportionate Impact of Voter-ID Requirements on the Electorate – New Evidence from Indiana.” PS: Political Science & Politics 42 (1): 111–116.Google Scholar
Bateman, David. 2013. “Democratic Exclusion: The Right to Vote in the United States, United Kingdom, and France.” Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
Behrens, Angela, Christopher Uggen, and Jeff Manza. 2003. “Ballot Manipulation and the Menace of ‘Negro Domination’: Racial Threat and Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States, 1850–2002.” American Journal of Sociology 109 (3): 559–605.Google Scholar
Bentele, Keith G., and Erin E. O’Brien. 2013. “Jim Crow 2.0? Why States Consider and Adopt Restrictive Voter Access Policies.” Perspectives on Politics 11 (4): 1088–1116.Google Scholar
Berinsky, Adam. 2005. “The Perverse Consequences of Electoral Reform in the United States.” American Politics Research 33 (4): 471–491.Google Scholar
Biggers, Daniel R., and Michael J. Hanmer. 2015. “Who Makes Voting Convenient? Explaining the Adoption of Early and No-Excuse Absentee Voting in the American States.” State Politics & Policy Quarterly 15 (2): 192–210.Google Scholar
Commission on Federal Election Reform. 2005. Building Confidence in U.S. Elections: Report of the Commission on Federal Election Reform. Washington, DC: Center for Democracy and Election Management, American University.Google Scholar
Cooper, Michael. 2011. “New State Rules Raising Hurdles at Voting Booth,” New York Times, October 2, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/03/us/new-state-laws-are-limiting-access-for-voters.html.
Cox, Gary W., and J. Morgan Kousser. 1981. “Turnout and Rural Corruption: New York as a Test Case.” American Journal of Political Science 25 (4): 646–663.Google Scholar
de Alth, Shelley. 2009. “ID at the Polls: Assessing the Impact of Recent State Voter ID Laws on Voter Turnout.” Harvard Law and Policy Review 3: 187–189.Google Scholar
Eggen, Dan. 2005. “Criticism of Voting Law Was Overruled.” Washington Post, November 17.Google Scholar
Eggen, Dan, and Amy Goldstein. 2007. “Voter-Fraud Complaints by GOP Drove Dismissals.” Washington Post, May 14.Google Scholar
Elzinga, Steven. 2009. “The Challenge of Photo ID: Can Legislation Prevent Electoral Fraud Without Disenfranchising Voters,” Inside ALEC, June 2009.Google Scholar
Erikson, Robert, and Lorraine Minnite. 2009. “Modeling Problems in the Voter Identification-Voter Turnout Debate.” Election Law Journal 8 (2): 85–101.Google Scholar
File, Thom. 2013. “The Diversifying Electorate – Voting Rates by Race and Hispanic Origin in 2012 (and Other Recent Elections),” Report No. P20-568, United States Census Bureau.Google Scholar
“Former Florida GOP Leaders Say Voter Suppression was Reason they Pushed New Election Law,” Palm Beach Post, Sunday November 25, 2012. http://www.palmbeachpost.com/news/news/state-regional-govt-politics/early-voting-curbs-called-power-play/nTFDy/.
Glaser, James M. 1994. “Back to the Black Belt: Racial Environment and White Racial Attitudes in the South.” Journal of Politics 56: 21–41.Google Scholar
Gronke, Paul. 2008. “Early Voting Reforms and American Elections.” William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal 17 (2): 423–451.Google Scholar
Hasen, Richard L. 2012. The Voting Wars: From Florida 2000 to the Next Election Meltdown. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Hasen, Richard L. 2014. “Race or Party?: How Courts Should Think About Republican Efforts to Make it Harder to Vote in North Carolina and Elsewhere.” Harvard Law Review Forum 127: 58–74.Google Scholar
Hasen, Richard L. 2016. “The Hard Power of ‘Soft’ Voter-ID Laws.” The Atlantic March 14, 2016. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/03/the-hard-power-of-soft-voter-id-laws/473595/.
Hicks, William, Seth McKee, Mitchell Sellers, and Daniel Smith. 2014. “A Principle or a Strategy? Voter Identification Laws and Partisan Competition in the American States.” Political Research Quarterly 68 (1): 18–33 12.Google Scholar
Hill, Kim Q., and Jan E. Leighley. 1999. “Racial Diversity, Voter Turnout, and Mobilizing Institutions in the United States.” American Politics Research 27 (3): 275–295.Google Scholar
Hood, M.V. III, and Charles S. III. Bullock. 2012. “Much Ado About Nothing? An Empirical Assessment of the Georgia Voter Identification Statute.” State Politics & Policy Quarterly 12 (4): 394–414.Google Scholar
Hopkins, Daniel J. 2010. “Politicized Places: Explaining Where and When Immigrants Provoke Local Opposition.” American Political Science Review 104: 40–60.Google Scholar
Hyde, Susan D., and Kevin Pallister. 2015. “Election Administration, Election Observation, and Election Quality.” In Routledge Handbook of Comparative Political Institutions, edited by Jennifer Gandhi and Ruben Ruiz-Rufino, New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
James, Toby. 2012. Elite Statecraft and Election Administration: Bending the Rules of the Game? London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Karp, Jeffrey, and Susan Banducci. 2001. “Absentee Voting, Mobilization, and Participation.” American Politics Research 29 (2): 183–85.Google Scholar
Key, Valdimer Orlando, Jr. 1949. Southern Politics in State and Nation. New York: A. A. Knopf.Google Scholar
Keyssar, Alexander. 2000. The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Kousser, J. Morgan. 1974. Shaping of Southern Politics: Suffrage Restrictions and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880–1910. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Kousser, J. Morgan. forthcoming. “Voting Rights.” In The Oxford Handbook of American Political History, edited by Paula Baker and Donald Critchlow, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
King, Desmond, and Rogers M. Smith. 2015. “Restricting Voting Rights in Modern America.” Transatlantica: revue d’etudes americaines 2015 (1). Available at: http://transatlantica.revues.org/7432.
Leighley, Jan E. 2001. Strength in Numbers? The Political Mobilization of Racial and Ethnic Minorities. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Lott, John. 2006. “Evidence of Voter Fraud and the Impact that Regulations to Reduce Fraud have on Voter Participation Rates.” Working Paper. Available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=925611.
McKee, Seth C. 2015. “Politics is Local: State Legislator Voting on Restrictive Voter Identification Legislation.” Research and Politics 2 (3): 1–7.Google Scholar
Mayhew, David. 1986. Placing Parties in American Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Magoc, Ethan. 2012. “Flurry of Voter ID Laws tied to Conservative Group ALEC,” NBC News21, August 21, 2012. http://investigations.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/08/21/13392560-flurry-of-voter-id-laws-tied-to-conservative-group-alec.
Malone, Christopher. 2008. Between Freedom and Bondage: Race, Party, and Voting Rights in the Antebellum North. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Mendez, Matthew, and Christian Grose. 2015. “Revealing Discriminatory Intent: Legislator Preferences, Voter Identification, and Responsiveness Bias.” Working Paper, University of Southern California. Available at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2422596.
Michener, Jamila. Unpublished paper. “Race, Poverty and the Redistribution of Voting Rights: Explaining State Compliance with Section 7 of the NVRA.”Google Scholar
Minnite, Lorraine C. 2010. The Myth of Voter Fraud. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Mycoff, Jason, Michael Wagner, and David Wilson. 2009. “The Empirical Effects of Voter-ID Laws: Present or Absent?” PS: Political Science and Politics 42 (1): 121–126.Google Scholar
National Commission on Federal Election Reform. 2001. To Assure Pride and Confidence in the Electoral Process. Charlottesville, VA: Miller Center of Public Affairs.Google Scholar
Oliver, J. Eric. 1996. “The Effects of Eligibility Restrictions and Party Activity on Absentee Voting and Overall Turnout.” American Journal of Political Science 40 (2): 498–513.Google Scholar
Oliver, J. Eric, and Tali Mendelberg. 2000. “Reconsidering the Environmental Determinants of White Racial Attitudes.” American Journal of Political Science 44: 574–589.Google Scholar
Piven, Frances Fox, Lorraine C. Minnite, and Margaret Groarke. 2009. Keeping Down the Black Vote: Race and the Demobilization of American Voters. New York: New Press.Google Scholar
Polgar, Paul. 2011. “‘Whenever They Judge it Expedient’: The Politics of Partisanship and Free Black Voting Rights in Early National New York.” American Nineteenth Century History 12 (1): 1–23, 10.Google Scholar
Porter, Nicole D. 2010. Expanding the Vote: State Felony Disenfranchisement Reform. Washington, DC: The Sentencing Project. Available at http://www.sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/publications/vr_ExpandingtheVoteFinalAddendum.pdf.
Putnam, Robert D. 2007. “E Pluribus Unum: Diversity and Community in the Twenty-First Century.” Scandinavian Political Studies 30 (2): 137–174.Google Scholar
Rocha, Rene R., and Rodolfo Espino. 2009. “Racial Threat, Residential Segregation, and the Policy Attitudes of Anglos.” Political Research Quarterly 62: 415–426.Google Scholar
Rocha, Rene R., and Rodolfo Espino. 2010. “Segregation, Immigration, and Latino Participation in Ethnic Politics.” American Politics Research 38: 614–635.Google Scholar
Rocha, Rene R., and Tetsuya Matsubayashi. 2014. “The Politics of Race and Voter ID Laws in the States: The Return of Jim Crow?” Political Research Quarterly 67 (3): 666–679.Google Scholar
Rowland, Darrel. 2012. “Voting in Ohio: Fight Over Poll Hours isn’t Just Political,” The Columbus Dispatch August 19.Google Scholar
Rutenberg, Jim. 2015. “A Dream Undone: Inside the 50-Year Campaign to Roll Back the Voting Rights Act.” New York Times July 29.Google Scholar
Schaffer, Frederic C. 2008. The Hidden Costs of Clean Election Reform. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Schaffer, Frederic C., and Tova A. Wang. 2009. “Is Everyone Else Doing It? Indiana’s Voter Identification Law in International Perspective.” Harvard Law and Policy Review 3 (2): 397–412.Google Scholar
Schlafly, Phyllis. 2013. “North Carolina Embraces Honest Elections.” WorldNetDaily, August 19, 2013. http://www.wnd.com/2013/08/north-carolina-embraces-honest-elections/#dpCiW0WS7v0xABt8.99.
Skowronek, Steven. 1982. Building a New American State: The Expansion of National Administrative Capacities, 1877–1920. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Uggen, Christopher, and Jeff Manza. 2012. “State-Level Estimates of Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States, 2010.” Washington, D.C.: The Sentencing Project. Available at http://sentencingproject.org/doc/publications/fd_State_Level_Estimates_of_Felon_Disen_2010.pdf.
U.S. Department of Justice. 2008. An Investigation Into the Removal of Nine U.S. Attorneys in 2006. September 2008.Google Scholar
Valelly, Richard. 2004. The Two Reconstructions: The Struggle for Black Enfranchisement. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Valelly, Richard. 2015. “How Suffrage Politics Made, and Makes, America.” In The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development, edited by Richard Valelly, Suzanne Mettler, and Robert Lieberman, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Vercellotti, Timothy, and David Anderson. 2009. “Voter Identification Requirements and the Learning Curve.” PS: Political Science 42 (1): 117–120.Google Scholar
Waldman, Michael. 2013. “Playing Offense: An Aggressive Voting Rights Agenda.” Democracy 28 (Spring): 11.Google Scholar
Wang, Tova A. 2012. The Politics of Voter Suppression: Defending and Expanding Americans’ Right to Vote. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Warner, Bob. 2012. “Voter ID Law May Affect More Pennsylvanians than Previously Estimated.” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 5, 2012. http://articles.philly.com/2012-07-05/news/32537732_1_voter-id-new-voter-id-cards.
Weinger, Mackenzie. 2012. “Pa. Pol: Voter ID Helps GOP Win State,” Politico, June 25, 2012. http://www.politico.com/story/2012/06/pa-pol-voter-id-helps-gop-win-state-077811.
Weiser, Wendy R. and Lawrence Norden. 2011. Voting Law Changes in 2012. Brennan Center for Justice.Google Scholar
Whitby, Kenny J. 2013. “Impact of Organizational Vitality on Black Voter Turnout in the South.” Party Politics 21 (2): 234–245.Google Scholar
Wilson, David C., Paul R. Brewer, and Phoebe Theodora Rosenbluth. 2014. “Racial Imagery and Support for Voter ID Laws.” Race and Social Problems 6 (4): 365–371.Google Scholar
“Voting Rights Groups Respond to Carter-Baker Commission Report on Election Reform,” Brennan Center, September 19, 2005. https://www.brennancenter.org/press-release/voting-rights-groups-respond-carter-baker-commission-report-election-reform.