Bianchi, Suzanne M., John P. Robinson, and Melissa A. Milkie. 2006. Changing Rhythms of American Family Life. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
Brooks, David. 2006. “The New Red-Diaper Babies.” The New York Times, December 7, sec. A.
Cahn, Naomi, and June Carbone. 2011. Red Families v. Blue Families: Legal Polarization and the Creation of Culture. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Carbone, June, and Naomi Cahn. 2014. Marriage Markets: How Inequality is Remaking the American Family. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Carroll, Susan J. 2008. “Security Moms and Presidential Politics: Women Voters in the 2004 Election.” Chapter in Voting the Gender Gap, edited by Lois Duke Whitaker, 75–90. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
Cohn, Nate. 2015. “The Parent Agenda, The Emerging Democratic Focus.” The New York Times, February 10, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/10/upshot/the-parent-agenda-the-emerging-democratic-focus.html?abt=0002&abg=0.
Colby, Sandra L., and Jennifer M. Ortman. 2014. Projections of the Size and Composition of the U.S. Population: 2014 to 2060, Current Population Reports, P25-1143, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 2014.
De Parle, Jason, and Sabrina Tavernise. 2012. “For Women Under 3, Most Births Occur Outside Marriage.” The New York Times, February 17, 2012. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/18/us/for-women-under-30-most-births-occur-outside-marriage.html.
Elder, Laurel, and Steven Greene. 2007. “The Myth of ‘Security Moms’ and ‘NASCAR Dads: Parenthood, Political Stereotypes, and the 2004 Election.” Social Science Quarterly 88 (1): 1–19.Google Scholar
Elder, Laurel, and Steven Greene. 2008. “Parenthood and the Gender Gap.” Chapter in The Gender Gap: Voting and the Sexes, edited by Lois Duke Whitaker, 119–140. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
Elder, Laurel, and Steven Greene. 2012a. The Politics of Parenthood: Causes and Consequences of the Politicization and Polarization of the American Family. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Elder, Laurel, and Steven Greene. 2012b. “The Politics of Parenthood: Parenthood Effects on Issue Attitudes and Candidate Evaluations in 2008.” American Politics Research 40 (3): 418–448.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar
Freeman, Jo. 1993. “Feminism vs. Family Values: Women at the 1992 Democratic and Republican Conventions.” PS: Political Science and Politics 26 (2): 21–28.Google Scholar
Freeman, Jo. 1997. “Change and Continuity for Women at the Republican and Democratic National Conventions.” The American Review of Politics 18 (Winter): 353–367.Google Scholar
Gallagher, Sally K., and Naomi Gerstel. 2001. “Connections and Constraints: The Effects of Children on Caregiving.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 63: 265–275.Google Scholar
Golberg, Wendy A., Erin Kelly, Nicole L. Matthews, Hannah Kang, Weilin Lim, and Mariya Sumaroka. 2012. “The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same: Gender, Culture, and College Students’ Views about Work and Family.” Journal of Social Issues 68 (4): 814–837.Google Scholar
Greenlee, Jill. 2010. “Soccer Moms, Hockey Moms and the Question of “Transformative” Motherhood.” Politics & Gender 6 (3): 405–432.Google Scholar
Greenlee, Jill. 2014. The Political Consequences of Motherhood. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
Harden, Blaine. 2007. “Numbers Drop for the Married With Children: Institution Becoming the Choice of the Educated, Affluent”. Washington Post. March 4, 2005. A3.
Hays, Sharin. 1996. The Cultural Contradictions of Motherhood. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Hetherington, Marc, and Jonathan D. Weiler. 2009. Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Howell, Susan E., and Christine L. Day. 2000. “Complexities of the Gender Gap.” The Journal of Politics 62: 858–874.Google Scholar
Hunter, James Davison. 1991. Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Iversen, Torbin, and Frances Rosenbluth. 2006. “The Political Economy of Gender: Explaining Cross-national Variation in Household Bargaining, Divorce and the Gender Voting Gap.” American Journal of Political Science 50 (1): 1–19.Google Scholar
Judis, John B. 2008. “America the Liberal.” The New Republic, November 19, 2008. 20–22.
Judis, John B., and Ruy Teixeira. 2002. The Emerging Democratic Majority. New York: Scribner Press.Google Scholar
Kotkin, Joel, and William Frey. 2004. “Parent Trap”. The New Republic Online, www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?pt=sKzRTBxZkbnZ3RuM0cWdfh%3D%3D.
Kroska, A., and C. Elman. 2009. “Change in Attitudes about Employed Mothers: Exposure, Interests, and Gender Ideology Discrepancies.” Social Science Research 38: 366–382.Google Scholar
Kurtzleben, Danielle. 2014. “Democrats say Work-Life Balance is a Huge Problem. Republicans say it’s Fine.” Vox, November 14, 2014. http://www.vox.com/2014/11/14/7216033/work-life-balance-is-a-democrat-problem.
Lakoff, George. 2002. Moral Politics: How Liberals and Conservatives Think. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Libresco, Leah. 2015. “Here’s How Americans Spend Their Working, Relaxing and Parenting Time.” FiveThirtyEight. June 24, 2015. http://fivethirtyeight.com/datalab/heres-how-americans-spend-their-working-relaxing-and-parenting-time/.
Matto, Elizabeth. 2005. “The Politicization of Motherhood: The Increase in Attention Paid to Mothers in Campaigns and the Effect on Interests of Women in General.” Paper presented at the 2005 Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Political Science Association. Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
Monte, Lindsay M., and Renee R. Ellis. 2014. Fertility of Women in the United States: June 2012, Current Population Reports, P20-575. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.Google Scholar
Parker, Kim. 2015. “Working Mom Guilt? Many Dads Feel it too.” Pew Research Center, April 1, 2015. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/04/01/working-mom-guilt-many-dads-feel-it-too/.
Pew Research Center. 2013a. Modern Parenthood: Roles of Moms and Dads Converge as They Balance Work and Family. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center. Retrieved from: http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/files/2013/03/FINAL_modern_parenthood_03-2013.pdf.
Pew Research Center. 2013b. “The New American Father.” http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2013/06/14/the-new-american-father/.
Roberts, Sam. 2007. “51% of Women Now Living Without a Spouse.” The New York Times.
Sailer, Steve. 2004 “Baby Gap: How Birthrates Color the Electoral Map.” The American Conservative. Accessed February 8, 2005. 20 December. http://www.amconmag.com/2004_12_20/print/coverprint.html.
Samsel, Emily. 2015. “Hilary Clinton advocates for paid family leave on Mother’s Day.” May 10, 2015. http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/hillary-clinton-advocates-paid-family-leave-mothers-day.
Sanbonmatsu, Kira. 2004. Democrats/Republicans and the Politics of Women’s Place. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar
Self, Robert O. 2012. All in the Family: The Realignment of American Democracy since the 1960s. New York: Hill and Wang.Google Scholar
Walter, Amy. 2013. “Can Romney Convince Walmart Moms He’s Up to the Job?” ABC News, June 8, 2012. http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2012/06/can-romney-convince-walmart-moms-hes-up-to-the-job/ (October 17, 2013).
Wang, Wendy, and Kim Parker. 2014. “Record Share of Americans Have Never Married: As Values, Economics and Gender Patterns Change.” Washington, DC: Pew Research Center’s Social & Demographic Trends project, September. http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/files/2014/09/2014-09-24_Never-Married-Americans.pdf.
Wang, Wendy, Kim Parker, and Paul Taylor. 2013. “Breadwinner Moms”. Pew Research, May 19, 2013. http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2013/05/29/breadwinner-moms/.
Weisberg, Herbert F. 1987. “The Demographics of a New Voting Gap: Marital Differences in American Voting.” Public Opinion Quarterly 55: 335–343.Google Scholar
Wolbrecht, Christina. 2000. The Politics of Women’s Rights. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Zitner, Aaron. 2016. “GOP Hopes for a Boost from ‘Security Moms.’ The Wall Street Journal, January 8, 2016. http://on.wsj.com/1l9XuvI.
About the article
Laurel Elder is a Professor of Political Science at Hartwick College in Oneonta, New York.
Steven Greene is a Professor of Political Science at North Carolina State University.
Published Online: 2016-07-11
Published in Print: 2016-07-01