Albertson, Bethany, and Shana Kushner Gadarian. 2015. Anxious Politics: Democratic Citizenship in a Threatening World. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Baron, Jonathan, and Mark Spranca. 1997. “Protected Values.” Organizational Behavior and Decision Processes 70 (1): 1–16.Google Scholar
Baron, Jonathan, and Sarah Lesher. 2000. “How Serious are Expressions of Protected Values?” Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6: 183–194.Google Scholar
Bobo, Lawrence. 1983. “Whites’ Opposition to Busing: Symbolic Racism or Realistic Group Conflict?” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45 (6): 1196–1210.Google Scholar
Boyer, Pascal, and Nora Parren. 2015. “Threat-Related Information Suggests Competence: A Possible Factor in the Spread of Rumors.” PLoS One 10 (6): e0128421.Google Scholar
Dick, Jason. 2016. “The Politics of Fear: Will Fear of Terror and Economic Uncertainty Drive this Year’s Election?” Roll Call posted 27 June.Google Scholar
Feldman, Stanley, and Karen Stenner. 1997. “Perceived Threat and Authoritarianism.” Political Psychology 18 (4): 741–770.Google Scholar
Fiske, Alan, and Philip Tetlock. 1997. “Taboo Trade-offs: Reactions to Transactions That Transgress Spheres of Justice.” Political Psychology 18 (2): 255–297.Google Scholar
Gadarian, Shana Kushner. 2010. “The Politics of Threat: How Terrorism News Shapes Foreign Policy Attitudes.” Journal of Politics 72 (2): 469–483.Google Scholar
Gross, Justin, and Kaylee Johnson. 2016. “Twitter Taunts and Tirades: Negative Campaigning in the Age of Trump.” PS: Political Science & Politics 49 (4): 748–754.Google Scholar
Landau, Mark, Sheldon Solomon, Jeff Greenberg, Florette Cohen, Tom Pyszczynski, Jamie Arndt, Claude H. Miller, Daniel M. Ogilvie, and Alison Cook. 2004. “Deliver Us From Evil: The Effects of Mortality Salience and Reminders of 9/11 on Support for President George W. Bush.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 30 (9): 1135–1150.Google Scholar
Marietta, Morgan. 2008. “From My Cold, Dead Hands: Democratic Consequences of Sacred Rhetoric.” Journal of Politics 70 (3): 767–779.Google Scholar
Marietta, Morgan. 2009. “The Absolutist Advantage: Sacred Rhetoric in Contemporary Presidential Debate.” Political Communication 26 (4): 388–411.Google Scholar
Marietta, Morgan. 2012. The Politics of Sacred Rhetoric: Absolutist Appeals and Political Persuasion. Waco: Baylor University Press.Google Scholar
Merolla, Jennifer, and Elizabeth Zechmeister. 2013. “Evaluating Political Leaders in Times of Terror and Economic Threat: The Conditioning Influence of Political Partisanship.” Journal of Politics 75 (3): 599–612.Google Scholar
Onreat, Emma, Alain van Hiel, and Ilse Cornelius. 2013. “Threat and Right-Wing Attitude: A Cross-National Approach.” Political Psychology 34 (5): 791.Google Scholar
Petriglieri, Jennifer. 2011. “Under Threat: Responses to and the Consequences of Threats to Individuals’ Identities.” Academy of Management Review 36 (4): 641–662.Google Scholar
Pyszczynski, Thomas, Sheldon Solomon, and Jeff Greenberg. 2003. In the Wake of 9/11: The Psychology of Terror. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
Schmid, Katharina, and Orla Muldoon. 2015. “Perceived Threat, Social Identification, and Psychological Well-Being: The Effect of Political Conflict Exposure.” Political Psychology 36 (1): 75–92.Google Scholar
Silver, Nate. 2017. “There Really Was a Liberal Media Bubble: Groupthink Produced a Failure of the ‘Wisdom of Crowds’ and an Underestimate of Trump’s Chances” 538 Blog 10 March 2017.Google Scholar
Tetlock, Philip. 1986. “A Value Pluralism Model of Ideological Reasoning.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 50: 819–827.Google Scholar
Tetlock, Philip. 2003. “Thinking the Unthinkable: Sacred Values and Taboo Cognitions.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7): 320–324.Google Scholar
Tetlock, Philip, Randall Peterson, and Jennifer Lerner. 1996. “Revising the Value Pluralism Model: Incorporating Social Content and Context Postulates.” In The Psychology of Values: The Ontario Symposium, Volume 8, edited by Clive Seligman, James Olson, and Mark Zanna. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
About the article
Morgan Marietta is Associate Professor of Political Science and author of The Politics of Sacred Rhetoric: Absolutist Appeals and Political Persuasion and A Citizen’s Guide to American Ideology: Conservatism and Liberalism in Contemporary Politics.
Tyler Farley is a senior in the Honors College, whose research on social facts at the Supreme Court has been published in the Journal of Law & Courts.
Tyler Cote are seniors in the Honors College.
Paul Murphy are seniors in the Honors College.
Published Online: 2017-07-29
Published in Print: 2017-07-26